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Risk Factors for Depression in Women


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AnnMarie O'Brien, Social Worker at The Royal, presented on the signs and symptoms of depression, risk factors for depression in women, and what we can do about it.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Risk Factors for Depression in Women

  1. 1. Risk Factors for Depression in Women Friends and Family Day October 2013
  2. 2. Summary 1. Signs and symptoms of depression 2. Risk factors for depression in Women 3. What we can do about it
  3. 3. Why Women? • women are approximately twice as likely to experience a depressive episode • one in eight women will develop depression at some point in their lives • depression can occur at any time in a woman’s life, but is most common between the ages of 25 and 44 • the age of onset for depression is younger for girls than for boys • women experience more frequent depressive episodes over their lifetime
  5. 5. Symptoms of Depression Cognitive Behaviour Physical Emotional
  6. 6. How women experience depression Many women experience ‘atypical’ symptoms of depression: Reactive mood which improves in response to positive events Over eating and weight gain Over sleeping Excessive physical fatigue Feelings of sensitivity to rejection from others
  7. 7. Women Specific Depressive Disorders Premenstrual Depressive Disorder (PMDD) Symptoms begins 10 to 14 days prior to menstruation and improve within the first few days after its start 1 in 10 women experience PMDD Post Partum Depression (PPD) Depression that occurs within 1 month of giving birth 20% of women who give birth in Ontario receive a physician’s visit for depression within 1 year of giving birth Peri-Natal Depression Depression that occurs either in pregnancy and/or in the six to 12 weeks following delivery. Menopausal Depression Depression that occurs during the transition from pre-menopause to menopause.
  8. 8. Three Unkind Step Sisters Biological Risk Factors Genetics Hormones Physical illness Psychological Risk Factors Thinking patterns Social Risk Factors Trauma Social Roles Oppression
  9. 9. Biological Risk Factors • Genetics • Hormones • Physical Illness
  10. 10. Psychological Risk Factors • Thinking patterns
  11. 11. Social Risk Factors • Trauma • Role overload • Oppression
  12. 12. ABOUT A BOY (10/10) MOVIE CLIP YOU’RE SICK (2002) What Helps?
  13. 13. What Helps? Treatment Medication Psychotherapy Back to Basics Sleep Activity Healthy Eating
  14. 14. Women’s MH Program at The Royal Peer Support • Joys and Challenges of Mothering • WRAP • Healthy Living • Recovery from Addictions Clinical Services • Short term individual psychotherapy • Interpersonal Process Group • Working with Emotions • Psycho Education for Trauma