Depression	
  in	
  Men:	
  
Signs,	
  Symptoms,	
  S2gma	
  	
  
and	
  Recovery	
  
Dr.	
  Mathieu	
  Dufour	
  
Psychia...
What	
  is	
  depression?	
  
Depression	
  is	
  not	
  simply	
  a	
  temporary	
  change	
  
in	
  mood	
  or	
  a	
  s...
3	
  
Some	
  stats	
  
•  About	
  1	
  in	
  5	
  Canadians	
  will	
  experience	
  an	
  
episode	
  of	
  mental	
  illness...
Bio	
  
Social	
  Psycho	
  
HéWhtérogén	
  What	
  causes	
  depression?	
  
Types	
  of	
  depression	
  
•  Major	
  depressive	
  disorder	
  (10%)	
  
•  Seasonal	
  depression	
  
•  Postpartum	...
Signs	
  &	
  Symptoms	
  
•  Emo2onal	
  
–  Depressed	
  mood	
  
–  Li5le	
  interest	
  
–  Worthlessness	
  or	
  Gui...
8	
  
Depressive	
  symptoms	
  
Criteria	
  for	
  
major	
  
depression	
  
Social	
  –	
  
OccupaMonal-­‐
Psychological...
Are	
  men’s	
  symptoms	
  different	
  than	
  
women’s?	
  
Men	
  can	
  experience	
  depression	
  in	
  different	
  ...
10	
  
Depressive	
  symptoms	
  
Criteria	
  for	
  
major	
  
depression	
  
Social	
  –	
  
OccupaMonal-­‐
Psychologica...
What	
  makes	
  you	
  more	
  at	
  risk?	
  
•  Family	
  history	
  
•  Previous	
  history	
  of	
  depression	
  
• ...
Depression	
  
Drugs	
  and	
  
Alcohol	
  
12	
  
Drugs	
  and	
  alcohol	
  
Women	
  tend	
  to:	
  
•  Use	
  food	
  and	
  friends	
  to	
  self-­‐medicate	
  
	
  
Me...
Bio	
  
Social	
  Psycho	
  
HéWhtérogén	
  Who	
  do	
  we	
  treat	
  depression?	
  
Lifestyle	
  changes	
  
Lifestyle	
  changes	
  are	
  extremely	
  effecMve	
  tools	
  at	
  
treaMng	
  depression	
  i...
Take-­‐home	
  messages	
  
•  Depression	
  is	
  very	
  common	
  
•  Depression	
  is	
  a	
  medical	
  condiMon	
  
...
Thank	
  you	
  
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Depression and Men

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As presented by Dr. Mathieu Dufour, Psychiatrist at The Royal, at a special Men's Mental Health Awareness event hosted by The Men's D.E.N. (Depression Education Network).

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Depression and Men

  1. 1. Depression  in  Men:   Signs,  Symptoms,  S2gma     and  Recovery   Dr.  Mathieu  Dufour   Psychiatrist   Royal  O5awa  Mental  Health  Centre     June  10,  2014  
  2. 2. What  is  depression?   Depression  is  not  simply  a  temporary  change   in  mood  or  a  sign  of  weakness.       It  is  a  real  medical  condi2on  with  many   emo2onal,  physical  and  cogni2ve  symptoms.    
  3. 3. 3  
  4. 4. Some  stats   •  About  1  in  5  Canadians  will  experience  an   episode  of  mental  illness  during  their  lifeMme.   •  About  1  in  10  Canadians  will  experience  an   episode  of  major  depressive  disorder  during   their  lifeMme.   •  Women  more  likely  than  men  to  suffer  from   depression   •  Men  more  4  Mmes  more  likely  to  complete   suicide  than  women   4  
  5. 5. Bio   Social  Psycho   HéWhtérogén  What  causes  depression?  
  6. 6. Types  of  depression   •  Major  depressive  disorder  (10%)   •  Seasonal  depression   •  Postpartum  depression   •  Bipolar  depression   •  Dysthymia   •  Bereavement   6  
  7. 7. Signs  &  Symptoms   •  Emo2onal   –  Depressed  mood   –  Li5le  interest   –  Worthlessness  or  Guilt   –  Suicidal  thoughts   •  Physical   –  Sleep   –  AppeMte   –  Energy   –  AgitaMon  or  slowing  of  movements   –  *  SomaMc  complaints   •  Cogni2ve   –  ConcentraMon   –  Memory   7  
  8. 8. 8   Depressive  symptoms   Criteria  for   major   depression   Social  –   OccupaMonal-­‐ Psychological   DysfuncMon  
  9. 9. Are  men’s  symptoms  different  than   women’s?   Men  can  experience  depression  in  different  ways  to   women  and  are  more  likely  to     deny  their  feelings   hide  them  from  themselves  and  others,  or  try  to     mask  them  with  other  behaviors.     The  three  most  common  signs  of  depression  in  men  are:   •  Physical  pain   •  Anger  or  irritability   •  Reckless  behaviors   9  
  10. 10. 10   Depressive  symptoms   Criteria  for   major   depression   Social  –   OccupaMonal-­‐ Psychological   DysfuncMon  
  11. 11. What  makes  you  more  at  risk?   •  Family  history   •  Previous  history  of  depression   •  Difficult  life  events  (Stressors)   –  TraumaMc  events  in  childhood     –  Marital  conflicts   –  Increased  work  demands     –  Chronic  illness  seems  to  put  someone  at  greater   risk  of  becoming  depressed.8   •  Substance  use   11  
  12. 12. Depression   Drugs  and   Alcohol   12  
  13. 13. Drugs  and  alcohol   Women  tend  to:   •  Use  food  and  friends  to  self-­‐medicate     Men  tend  to:   •  Use  alcohol  and  sports  to  self-­‐medicate   13  
  14. 14. Bio   Social  Psycho   HéWhtérogén  Who  do  we  treat  depression?  
  15. 15. Lifestyle  changes   Lifestyle  changes  are  extremely  effecMve  tools  at   treaMng  depression  in  men:     •  Regular  exercise     •  Eat  well   •  Get  enough  sleep     •  Reduce  stress   15  
  16. 16. Take-­‐home  messages   •  Depression  is  very  common   •  Depression  is  a  medical  condiMon   •  Men  presents  differently  than  women  when   depressed   •  Suspect  depression  when  there  is  a  change   in  funcMon  and  behaviors   •  Depression  can  be  treated  effecMvely   16  
  17. 17. Thank  you  

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