Detecting Fauxtography




                      Theresa
                     Collington
Spotting Fake Photos
   Detecting Fauxtography




                         Theresa
                        Collington
For as long as people have been taking photos...
People have been faking photos.
This famous Lincoln photo?
Fake!
Some are obvious.
Others, not so much...
How can you tell?
Five tips
Five tips
• Check your gut
Five tips
• Check your gut
• Look for Clones, Frankensteins
Five tips
• Check your gut
• Look for Clones, Frankensteins
• Zoom in and check for metadata
Five tips
• Check your gut
• Look for Clones, Frankensteins
• Zoom in and check for metadata
• Validate weather shots
Five tips
• Check your gut
• Look for Clones, Frankensteins
• Zoom in and check for metadata
• Validate weather shots
• Us...
First, check your gut

• Often, pictures just
  feel wrong

• What was your initial
  reaction?

• Take a ‘gut-check’
What does your gut say?
the real photo...
So, according to your gut...
Next, look for Clones
AP Photo
Spotting
   Cloning:

- Look for use of
the cloning tool

- Patterns and
  sameness?

- Repeat images?
Check for Frankensteins




  Does the head match the body?
   Are the parts real? Correct?
What’s missing?
What’s wrong?
Zoom in

• Enlarge pics at your
  desktop

• Look for feathering,
  changes in light

• Soft focus as a clue
How’s the lighting?
Look closely at lighting
Check metadata
Open in Photoshop
Go to File>File Info
Select Camera Data
Advanced>Exif Data
EXIF Data
EXIF Data
• EXIF = Exchangeable Image File Data
• New cameras have it
• Recorded into the image file
• Date, time, flash, sh...
Upload to Flickr.com
More properties
Check data on photo
Check photos with text.
Validate all weather
       shots




Is it possible? Is it what they say it is?
Real...
Not real...
Not Katrina
Not the ’04 Tsunami
Check the Web

• Snopes.com tracks
  urban legends,
  fauxtography

• Google it with “hoax”
• Post in a forum,
  Photoshop...
You can also...
• Try some photo editing software
• Ask an artist what they think
• Post on your website, ask the audience...
Real! and really fun...
Theresa Collington
tcollington@gannett.com
Theresa Collington
tcollington@gannett.com
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos
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Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos

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Lesson for journalists on spotting fake photos and photoshops, how to detect altered photos. Presented during various workshops at the Poynter Institute.

Published in: Art & Photos, Technology
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Fauxtoshop: Spotting fake photos

  1. 1. Detecting Fauxtography Theresa Collington
  2. 2. Spotting Fake Photos Detecting Fauxtography Theresa Collington
  3. 3. For as long as people have been taking photos...
  4. 4. People have been faking photos.
  5. 5. This famous Lincoln photo?
  6. 6. Fake!
  7. 7. Some are obvious.
  8. 8. Others, not so much...
  9. 9. How can you tell?
  10. 10. Five tips
  11. 11. Five tips • Check your gut
  12. 12. Five tips • Check your gut • Look for Clones, Frankensteins
  13. 13. Five tips • Check your gut • Look for Clones, Frankensteins • Zoom in and check for metadata
  14. 14. Five tips • Check your gut • Look for Clones, Frankensteins • Zoom in and check for metadata • Validate weather shots
  15. 15. Five tips • Check your gut • Look for Clones, Frankensteins • Zoom in and check for metadata • Validate weather shots • Use Snopes, Google and forums
  16. 16. First, check your gut • Often, pictures just feel wrong • What was your initial reaction? • Take a ‘gut-check’
  17. 17. What does your gut say?
  18. 18. the real photo...
  19. 19. So, according to your gut...
  20. 20. Next, look for Clones
  21. 21. AP Photo
  22. 22. Spotting Cloning: - Look for use of the cloning tool - Patterns and sameness? - Repeat images?
  23. 23. Check for Frankensteins Does the head match the body? Are the parts real? Correct?
  24. 24. What’s missing?
  25. 25. What’s wrong?
  26. 26. Zoom in • Enlarge pics at your desktop • Look for feathering, changes in light • Soft focus as a clue
  27. 27. How’s the lighting?
  28. 28. Look closely at lighting
  29. 29. Check metadata
  30. 30. Open in Photoshop
  31. 31. Go to File>File Info
  32. 32. Select Camera Data
  33. 33. Advanced>Exif Data
  34. 34. EXIF Data
  35. 35. EXIF Data • EXIF = Exchangeable Image File Data • New cameras have it • Recorded into the image file • Date, time, flash, shutter speed, GPS in some cases
  36. 36. Upload to Flickr.com
  37. 37. More properties
  38. 38. Check data on photo
  39. 39. Check photos with text.
  40. 40. Validate all weather shots Is it possible? Is it what they say it is?
  41. 41. Real...
  42. 42. Not real...
  43. 43. Not Katrina
  44. 44. Not the ’04 Tsunami
  45. 45. Check the Web • Snopes.com tracks urban legends, fauxtography • Google it with “hoax” • Post in a forum, Photoshop Disasters, email them
  46. 46. You can also... • Try some photo editing software • Ask an artist what they think • Post on your website, ask the audience if they think it is real • Really, post in a photo editing forum, identify yourself and ask the experts
  47. 47. Real! and really fun...
  48. 48. Theresa Collington tcollington@gannett.com
  49. 49. Theresa Collington tcollington@gannett.com

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