The Comrades Marathon


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The Comrades Marathon

  1. 1. The Comrades Marathon (From Pietermaritzburg to Durban, South Africa) Emily Krunnfusz ED 205 - 09 Quit
  2. 2. About the Author <ul><li>Hello! My name is Emily and I am a soon-to-be senior at Grand Valley State University. I am a history major with an elementary education minor. One day I hope to go to South Africa and watch or even run in the Comrades Marathon (although I love to run, 56 miles is quite long!). Comrades is an incredibly powerful race. Not only is it physically one of the most challenging races in the world but also, the hardships each runner faces throughout the race mirrors the hardship many people have had to overcome both during and after apartheid. Apartheid may be over but as with nearly every other country in the world, racism is not. To me, Comrades is a reminder of the endurance and perseverance we all must have until this “race” against racism is finally won. I hope you enjoy the presentation! </li></ul><ul><li>Blessings, </li></ul><ul><li>Emily Krunnfusz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>Quit
  3. 3. Main Page <ul><li>The History of the Comrades Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa and Apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid and the Comrades Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>Experiencing Comrades </li></ul><ul><li>Site Map </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>About the Author </li></ul>Quit
  4. 4. The History of the Comrades Marathon <ul><li>To Live (the who) </li></ul><ul><li>To Fight (the background) </li></ul><ul><li>To Honor (the why) </li></ul><ul><li>To Run (the what) </li></ul><ul><li>And Run Some More…(the argument) </li></ul><ul><li>To Establish! (the creation) </li></ul>Quit
  5. 5. To Live <ul><li>Vic Clapham was born in London but moved to South Africa as a child during the late 1890s. With the outbreak of World War I, Clapham joined the 8th South African Infantry. By the end of the War, he and his fellow soldiers had marched over 1,700 miles of East Africa on foot carrying 60 pound backpacks. </li></ul>Quit
  6. 6. To Fight <ul><li>Sadly, Clapham lost many of his fellow soldiers during the war, both to fighting and to the harsh environment. The loss of his “comrades” was especially hard because during these years of war the men of the 8th South African Infantry had become like brothers. It was a very hard time for the soldiers. </li></ul>Quit
  7. 7. To Honor <ul><li>After returning home, Clapham brainstormed different ways to honor his comrades that died. Clapham finally settled on creating a marathon. </li></ul>Quit
  8. 8. To Run <ul><li>But this was going to be no ordinary marathon. Clapham had drawn up plans for a 56-mile long course, from Pietermaritzburg (in the Drakensburg Mountains) to Durban (on the coast of the Indian Ocean). </li></ul>Quit
  9. 9. And Run Some More… <ul><li>At first, the approval committee for the race did not like the course at all. They felt that a 56-mile race was way too long. However, Clapham argued that “if a sedentary living person could be taken off the street given a rifle and 60 pound pack and marched all over Africa then surely a fit and able athlete could complete the distance.” </li></ul>Quit
  10. 10. To Establish! <ul><li>Finally, the committee granted permission for the race. In 1921, the 56-mile long Comrades Marathon was established. </li></ul>Quit
  11. 11. Apartheid and South Africa <ul><li>Apartheid: What was it? </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid: How did it come about? </li></ul>Quit
  12. 12. Apartheid: What was it? <ul><li>Apartheid comes from the Afrikaaner* word for “apartness.” The policy of apartheid, which was enforced by the government from 1948 to 1994, demanded the separation of races in South Africa. Under apartheid, whites and non-whites could not sit together at sporting events, could not eat in the same restaurants, could not attend the same schools, and could not participate in the same sporting events, to name a few. Apartheid affected every part of South African culture. </li></ul><ul><li>* (South Africans of European descent) </li></ul>Quit
  13. 13. Apartheid: How did it come about? <ul><li>During the 1600s, Dutch settlers settled in South Africa followed by the English. At this time, racial tensions between Africans and European settlers began to grow out of fear and lack of understanding one another’s culture. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, laws were passed that forbid Africans and Europeans from marrying. Later, in the early 1900s, other laws were passed including laws that told Africans that they could not live in certain areas, that they could not go beyond a certain level of education, and that they could not vote. </li></ul><ul><li>Because Africans were not allowed to vote, the National Party government won the 1948 election based on their promise of an apartheid system. In this way, the system of apartheid dominated every part of South Africa until it ended in 1994. </li></ul>Quit
  14. 14. Apartheid and the Comrades Marathon <ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>The 1975 Comrades Marathon: A Step in the Right Direction… </li></ul><ul><li>But Far From the Perfect Race… </li></ul>Quit
  15. 15. Participants <ul><li>No Africans were allowed to officially race in the Comrades Marathon until 1975. Prior to 1975, however, many Africans raced as unofficial participants. </li></ul>Quit
  16. 16. The 1975  Comrades Marathon: A Step in the Right Direction… <ul><li>The world was not liking South Africa’s apartheid policy. In fact, South Africa had been ban from the Olympic Games since 1964. At first, this international boycott of apartheid sport did not phase South Africa. However, as time went on, South Africa began to make slight changes to its apartheid policy regarding sport in hopes of being allowed to participate internationally once again. The fact that Africans could officially participate in the 1975 Comrades Marathon represented this change in apartheid sport policy. </li></ul>Quit
  17. 17. But Far From the Perfect Race… <ul><li>In 1975, the number of African participants was strictly limited. Only 18 Africans were allowed to participate in a race of 1500 people. </li></ul><ul><li>During this race, all African participants were forced to wear armbands “identifying” their ethnic group. However, race organizers ran out of the armbands and the African participants were forced to run with incorrect ethnic identification, which added insult to injury. </li></ul>Quit
  18. 18. Experiencing Comrades <ul><li>“The Famous Comrades Marathon” ( Runner’s World ) </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Facts about Comrades </li></ul><ul><li>Location! Location! Location! </li></ul>Quit
  19. 19. “ The Famous Comrades Marathon” by Amby Burfoot <ul><li>An article from Runner’s World about one runner’s Comrades experience. </li></ul><ul><li>,7120,s6-239-281--11867-0,00.html </li></ul>Quit
  20. 20. Quick Facts about Comrades <ul><li>There is a 12 hour time limit to complete the 56-mile long course. The fastest runners finish in under 6 hours. </li></ul>Quit
  21. 21. <ul><li>Each race starts with: “Cock-A-Doodle…Go!” (a tradition that was started by one of the race organizers over 30 years ago). </li></ul>Quit
  22. 22. <ul><li>There are 5 large hills: Cowies, Fields, Bothas, Inchanga, and Polly Shorts. The longest hill climb is Fields at about 2 miles. </li></ul>In the Valley of a 1000 Hills, where Bothas is located. Quit
  23. 23. <ul><li>The entire 12 hour race is broadcast live on national television. </li></ul>To view a clip of the Comrades Marathon, Please click here! Quit
  24. 24. <ul><li>On average, the race draws over 12,000 participants of all races and nationalities. </li></ul>Quit
  25. 25. Location! Location! Location! Quit
  26. 26. Race Map Click here to view footage of the 2007 Comrades Marathon Quit
  27. 27. Site Map <ul><li>TITLE PAGE </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Comrades Marathon” </li></ul><ul><li>Main Page </li></ul><ul><li>About the Comrades Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>To Live (the who) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vic Clapham </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Fight (the background) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World War I </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Honor (the why) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fallen Comrades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Run (the what) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marathon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And Run Some More…(the argument) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight for establishing Comrades </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To Establish! (the creation) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Marathon established </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South Africa and Apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid: What was it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apartheid: How did it come about? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brief history </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apartheid and the Comrades Marathon </li></ul><ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Africans could not officially participate until 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>The 1975 Comrades Marathon: A Step in the Right Direction… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in apartheid policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africans allowed to participate officially </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But Far From the Perfect Race… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still many racist overtones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Armbands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limit placed on number of African entrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Experiencing Comrades </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Famous Comrades Marathon” ( Runner’s World ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Link to Runner’s World article </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quick Facts about Comrades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List of facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include video </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Location! Location! Location! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include footage of race </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Site Map </li></ul><ul><li>About the Author </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>Quit
  28. 28. Resources <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul><ul><li>,7120,s6-239-281--11867-0,00.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Comrades Marathon Story by Morris Alexander </li></ul>Quit