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  1. 1. Presented by:
  2. 2. Article 2: Declaration of Principles and State Policies Summary: <ul><li>contains 28 sections divided into two parts. </li></ul>The first part: enumerates the principles of the State such as the democratic and republican nature of the Philippine State; the supremacy of civilian authority over the military; the people's duty to defend the State; separation of Church and State; and renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy. The second part: stipulates the State policies such as the promotion of an independent foreign policy; recognition of the youth's and women's role in nation-building; promotion of a comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform; and the promotion of social justice.
  3. 3. Article 2: Declaration of Principles and State Policies Nature: This portion of our constitution may be called the basic political creed of the nation. 1.) It lays down the fundamental principles and policies the government is committed to observe and prescribes the fundamental obligation of the government, particularly the legislative and executive departments as its policy-determining organs. 2.)The enforcement of the duties consequently rests with the executive and legislative departments, and the electorate cannot demand their enforcement through the courts. The remedy is political. It is incumbent on the people to demand the fulfilment these government duties through the exercise of the right of suffrage. But indirectly, some of these principles may guide the courts in determining the validity of statutes or executive acts in justiciable cases.
  4. 4. Article 2: Declaration of Principles and State Policies Summary of Section: <ul><li>Section 1: </li></ul><ul><li>The Philippines, a democratic and republican State. </li></ul><ul><li>Sovereignty of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Right of the people to revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation of the generally accepted principles of International law as part of our law. </li></ul><ul><li>Adherence to the policy of peace, etc. With all nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Supremacy of civilian authority over the military. </li></ul><ul><li>Armed Forces of the Philippines, protector of the people and State. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Article 2: Declaration of Principles and State Policies <ul><li>Section 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Prime duty of the Government </li></ul><ul><li>Defense of the State against foreign aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>Military and civil service. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of peace and order, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Principle of Separation of Church and State. </li></ul><ul><li>No hostility towards religion. </li></ul>State Policies <ul><li>Section 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Policy of the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of nuclear weapons. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Section 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Just and dynamic social order. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Section 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Human dignity and human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening the family as a basic autonomous social institution. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to life of unborn from conception </li></ul><ul><li>Rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and development of moral character. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the youth in nation-building. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the women in nation-building. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Section 15 </li></ul><ul><li>Right to health </li></ul><ul><li>Section 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 17 </li></ul><ul><li>Priority to education, science and technology, arts,culture and sports. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Labor as a primary social force. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 19 </li></ul><ul><li>Self-reliant and independent national economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the private sector in the economy. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Section 21 </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform </li></ul><ul><li>Section 22 </li></ul><ul><li>Rights of indigenous cultural communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 23 </li></ul><ul><li>Non-governmental, community-based or sectoral organizations. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Vital role of communication and information in nation-building. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 25 </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy of local government </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Section 26 </li></ul><ul><li>Equal access to opportunities for public service. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 27 </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty and integrity in public service. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 28 </li></ul><ul><li>Full disclosure by the State of all its transactions. </li></ul>