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Regeneration

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Regeneration

  1. 1. RE-REGENERATION Exploring Regeneration’s Realities QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. by Ivan Raczycki
  2. 2. To Ponder: • If the realities of Barker’s Regeneration are weak, what purpose does it serve as a piece of history? • Alternately, if the realities are strong, what purpose does it serve as a piece of fiction?
  3. 3. HISTORIOGRAPHIC METAFICTION • Historiographic metafiction is one kind of postmodern novel which rejects projecting present beliefs and standards onto the past and asserts the specificity and particularity of the individual past event. (Hutcheon)
  4. 4. Craiglockhart • Arguably most “famous” shell-shock hospital • Nicknamed “Dottyville” by Sassoon • Only open for 28 months • “The commandant was notified that someone else would take over his commandancy, and the rest of the staff sent in their resignations as a demonstration of loyalty to him” (Sassoon) • After Bryce’s ejection, taken over by Colonel Balfour Graham QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  5. 5. HYDRA • Not strictly poetry • Event listings • Thick with advertisement • Once edited by Owen • Enemy of Balfour QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  6. 6. W.H. Rivers • Never fit for army • A ship’s surgeon • Attended and taught at Cambridge • Stammered • Aware of Freud, though did not necessarily subscribe to his methods • Great friend of Sassoon • Died in 1922 of hernia complications QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  7. 7. Wilfred Owen • Originally served 4 months in war • Published exclusively in Hydra • Said to have mimicked Sassoon originally, but found own voice • “I can see no excuse for deceiving you about these last four days. I have suffered seventh hell” • “I know I shall be killed. But it's the only place I can make my protest from.” • Died Nov 4, news of death reached home Nov 11 QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  8. 8. ANTHEM FOR DOOMED YOUTH What passing-bells for these who die as cattle? Only the monstrous anger of the guns. Only the stuttering rifles' rapid rattle Can patter out their hasty orisons. No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells; Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs, – The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells; And bugles calling for them from sad shires.8 What candles may be held to speed them all? Not in the hands of boys but in their eyes Shall shine the holy glimmers of goodbyes. The pallor of girls' brows shall be their pall; Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds, And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds.
  9. 9. Siegfried Sassoon • Decorated war “hero”, nicknamed Mad Jack • Brother Hamo killed in 1915 • Sent home in 1916, brought back, left again in 1917 • Published his Declaration in the Times in June 1917 • Became mentor to Owen at Craiglockhart • Posted first to Palestine, then to France, where he suffered a head wound and remained in England • Despite homosexuality, married Hester Gatty and had a son, George QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  10. 10. DECLARATION AGAINST THE WAR I am making this statement as an act of wilful defiance of military authority, because I believe that the War is being deliberately prolonged by those who have the power to end it. I am a soldier, convinced that I am acting on behalf of soldiers. I believe that this War, on which I entered as a war of defence and liberation, has now become a war of aggression and conquest. I believe that the purpose for which I and my fellow soldiers entered upon this war should have been so clearly stated as to have made it impossible to change them, and that, had this been done, the objects which actuated us would now be attainable by negotiation. I have seen and endured the sufferings of the troops, and I can no longer be a party to prolong these sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust. I am not protesting against the conduct of the war, but against the political errors and insincerities for which the fighting men are being sacrificed. On behalf of those who are suffering now I make this protest against the deception which is being practised on them; also I believe that I may help to destroy the callous complacency with which the majority of those at home regard the contrivance of agonies which they do not, and which they have not sufficient imagination to realize.
  11. 11. THE ISSUE OF BILLY PRIOR • Not an issue. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  12. 12. Regeneration (1997) QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. HOW META IS THIS!?
  13. 13. FINAL STATEMENT • If the function of a historiographic metafiction is to gaze at moments since passed with the same in-the-moment meditations and beliefs, Regeneration is successful. If its function is to exaggerate, or rather, take liberty of historical situations to further fiction as means of explanations for these events, it succeeds as well. The appropriation of history not as a commentary, but truly as an engaged work of fiction: the definition refined.
  14. 14. END. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.

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