“HAMERE RAFTER PAR SURAJ KE KIRAN BHE NAAZ KAREE”Established March 1912Capital PatnaTotal Area 98,940 km2Ranked (Area) 12thTotal populationRanked10.38 Crore3rdLanguages Hindi, Urdu,Maithili & Bhojpuri.Density 1100/km2Literacy Rate 63.82%Best time to visit October-MarchClimate( Avg. )Winter 4° - 10°Summer 35° - 40°
Bihar earlier knows as Magadha. It was the center of power, learning, and culture inIndia for 1000 years. Nalanda and Vikramshila were centres of learning,which was established in the 5th& 8th century in Bihar and both were counted as the oldest and truly internationaluniversities.Indias first empire,theMauryan empire as well asBuddhism also arose in theBihar. The Mauryan empire,originated from Magadha in325 BC.Sher Shah Surifrom Sasaram,Bihartook the reins ofNorth-India.The Gupta Empire thatoriginated from Magadha in240 AD is referred to as theGolden Age of India. Thecapital of Gupta Empirewas Pataliputra.The 10th and thelast Guru of Sikhism, Guru GobindSingh was bornat Patna Sahib(Patna) in 1666.history
CITIES FAMOUS FORHERITAGESasaramVaishaliBodhgayaPatnaSPIRITUALITYBodhgayaRajirPatnaWild lifeValmikinagarKaimurRajirROMANCESasaramKaimurRajirAdventureWest ChamparanMakhdumpurBhagalpur
Sasaram-Tomb of Sher Shah Suri It was built in memory of EmperorSher Shah Suri who defeated theMughal Empire and founded the SuriEmpire in northern India.This tomb is an example of Indo-Islamic architecture. It was built between 1540 and 1545. It is made from red sandstone (122 fthigh). It stands in the middle of an artificiallake, which is nearly square.It is known as the second Taj Mahal ofIndia.How to Reach : Sasaram is wellconnected both by road and railway.The NH2 (Grand Trunk Road) passesthrough the city.
VAISHALI-PILLAR OF ASHOKAVaishali was the capital city of the Licchav.Ashokan Pillar was constructed by the GreatEmperor Ashoka.This pillar is made of a finely polished single pieceof red sandstone and cut into a bell shaped capital.Height of this pillar is18.3 mts.This pillar is famous because of it being a brickstupa that commemorate the last sermonof Lord Buddha.How to Reach: By Bus Vaishali is well connectedby road to other important cities of Bihar. Patna is55 km away.By Rail: Vaishali is well connected with railwaynetwork.By Air: Patna is the nearest airport from Vaishali ata distance of 55 km.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM, VIKRAMSHILAThe museum is located in Bhagalpur district.It is build in memory of Vikramshila University.Vikramshila University was one of the mostimportant centers of Buddhist learning in Indiaduring the Pala Dynasty, along with NalandaUniversity.A large number of antiquities of different materials,unearthed from this place in the course ofexcavation, are displayed in the site museum.Opening Hours : 10.00 am to 5.00 pm andClosed on Friday.The Vikramshila site is the place for VikramshilaMahotsav, which is held annually during the monthof February.How to Reach: By Road: It is well connectedby road network with Gaya, Patna, Motihari.By Rail: The nearest railway station is Khalgaon.By Air: The nearest airport is Patna, 291 kmaway.
PATNA- GOL GHARView of Patna from GolgharThis is a massive granary situated on thebank of Ganga.It was built by Captain John Garstin forBritish army in 1786.The height of this gigantic granary is 105ft and the walls at the base measure 3.6 mwide.There are two stairways with 141 stepswinding around the dome form of thegranary to reach at the top to enjoy the cityview alongside the magnificent river Ganga.
BodhGaya- Mahabodhi templeBodh Gaya is the holiest of Buddhistdestinations and a World Heritage Site.Here around 530 BC, under a pipal, orbodhi tree, Siddhartha Gotama attainedenlightenment and became the Buddha.After 200 years, the Buddha attainedenlightenment Buddhist Emperor Asokavisited Bodh Gaya with the intention ofestablishing a monastery and shrine. Aspart of the temple.The bodhi tree behind the temple isbelieved to be a descendant of the original.How to Reach :- By Road Gaya is the nearesttransport hub which is connected with GT RoadBy Air Gaya is the nearest airport from BodhGaya. It is located at a distance of 17 Km. By Rail Gaya is the nearest railhead to BodhGaya at the distance of 17 kilometers.
Patna Sahib-Takht Sri Harimandir Sahib JiThe Gurdwara Patna Sahib is in remembrance ofthe birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guruof the Sikhs.This Gurdwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh(1780-1839), the first Maharja of the Sikh Empire, onthe banks of Ganges river, in Patna.It was made from white Stones (Marble).
Rajgir It was the ancient capital city ofthe Magadha kings until the 5thcentury BC when Ajatashatrumoved the capital to Pataliputra. Its attraction, The Japanese templeis beside the Venu Vana. Venu Vanais an artificial forest. It is famous for its hot water springs,locally known as Brahmakund. Here, The famous Rajgir Mahotsavcelebrate s every year . It is alsoknown as dance and music festival. How to reach: Rajgir is easilyaccessible by roads from Patna(100 km) and Gaya (75 km). Rajgirhas also a railway station. Thenearest airport is Patna airport.
Others PLACES TO VISITWATER FALLSIt is about 10 km from Kaimur. Kaimur Hill is a small hillrange. The hill range is relatively low and the maximumheight is only around a few hundred meters. The hillsare home to many waterfalls. Some of the mainwaterfalls in there region are Keoti Falls, Chachai Falls,Tobs Falls, and Devadari Falls amongst a few others.DHUAN KUNDIt is about 5 km from sasaram. This is origin point of Kao river whichis also known as THORA NADI. On this point water falls from theheight of 300 fts and get vapourised and condensed feel like FOG.SHANTI STUPAShanti Stupa is located on a 400 meterhigh hill in Rajgir. It is built in marble andon the four corners of the stupa are fourglimmering statues of Buddha. To reachthe top of this hill one has to comethrough the “Ropeways”. This place isalso called the GriddhKoot.
Adventure & Wildlife of BiharValmiki Nagar Tiger ReserveSpread across 880 sq. km the Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary in theWest Champaran, is the safe home for the tigers. The magnificentHimalayas provide a backdrop to the Valmikinagar wildlifesanctuary. The forest here is a mix of extensive Savannah landsand swamp forests. The leopards and tigers along with the fishingcats, chitals, sambar, black bucks, langur, sloth bears, gaurs makethe jungle an adventuring destination. The deep wood of Sal,Asan, Semal, Cane etc. is a pleasant getaway that offers abreathing space to the soul.Rajgir Wildlife SanctuaryRajgir wildlife Sanctuary is 102 km fromPatna. Rajgir Wildlife Sanctuary (36sq km),enclosed by a stretch of little historic hillslinked with Jain and Buddhist history. Rajgirwildlife sanctuary is rich in leopards, hyenas,barking deer and nilgais.
Barabar CavesIt was created in Mauryan emperor Ashoka‟s time for theAjeevikas (Buddhist monks) 11 km from Makhdumpur.carved in monolithic hardest granites and have extraordinary interior polish to reveal the outstanding skills ofthe period. It is a well-maintained stairway leading to thefantastic caves at the Barabar hill. It caves also have veryhighly polished interior which are carved into giganticmonolithic granite that looks like a huge crocodile fromoutside.Mandar HillClose to the Vidyapeeth railway station, about 50 km.from the main city of Bhagalpur, Mandar hill is a sacreddestination to Jains and Hindus both. At the base of thehill a large tank having a Vishnu temple at the Centrewith a lotus structure is built in the recent past. In thememory of the 12th Jain Tirthankara Vasupujya whoattained nirvana here, a temple is built on top of this hill.On the way to the top an astounding lake settled at theniche of the black rock is absolutely startling.
Chhat Pujait is celebrate on thesixth day of theHindu lunar monthof Kartik (Oct-Nov).Nag PanchamiIt is the festival of snakes. Itis celebrated on the fifth dayof the brilliant fortnight inthe month of Shravan.Sonpur MelaIt is the biggestcattle fair in Asia. itis a held on KartikPoornima(November).TeejIt is the festivalcelebrated bywomen. It dedicatedto Goddess Parvathiand Lord Shiva.Rajgir MahotsavThe famous RajgirMahotsav celebrate severy year . It is alsoknown as dance andmusic festival.HoliIt is a religiousspring festivalcelebrated byHindu as a festivalof colours.
FAMOUS DANCESFolk DanceIt is performedduring poetryperformance.Paika DanceThis dancereminds us ofinfantry and itsagility, courage,and excitement.Kajari danceIt starts in themonth of „Shravan‟or the starting ofthe monsoon.Jhijhian danceThis is a ritualisticdance performedduring no-rain timeand aims at makingthe God of rain happy.Jatra dancesIt is a stylizedrepresentation of afundamental aspectof life, which is warand battle.Chhau DanceThis is mythological,as it is mainly basedon epics Ramayana &Mahabharata.
CUISINES of BiharLITTI- CHOKHAThe most favouritedish among biharis isLITTI- CHOKHA. Littiis made up of SATTUand CHOKHA is ofsmashed potato,tomato, and brinjal.Thali of BiharSome majorcuisines those areused in all theseasons such asRice, Roti, Daal,Tarkari andsweets.PitthaIt is something likemomos. It could beeither salty or sweet.Kadhi BariIt fried soft dumplingsmade of besan are cookedin a spicy gravy of yogurtand besan. It goes wellover plain rice.SweetsKhajaMalpuaMoti-churAnarsaNon-vegetarianMotton BiryaniJhinga BiryaaniFish curryChicken Tandoori
things to buy ?Traditional Wall Paintings of MithilaThe wall painting seems to have existed from theepic period. This form of Bihar painting is a formof mythological mural paintings depicting HinduGods and GoddessesMadhubani PaintingThis form of Bihar painting is exclusively practiced bythe women folk of Mithila region. The paintingsprojects the urban essence. Thus most of the touristskeep this painting in their what to shop in Bihar list.Stone craftStonecraft is Bihars rich heritage which is from theancient sculptures of the Mauryan period. The mainstoneware centre of Bihar is Patharkatti in Gaya district.This area abounds in the less expensive blue black potstone from which images and household articles like thepestle, medicine grinder are made.
Printed TextilesPrinting is done on cotton, wool and silk in Bihar. Gaya hasthe religious textiles with the names or footprints of deitiesprinted all over in ochre or red. Designs in the chunris ofBihar ranging from traditional to floral and animal forms aredeserve to be mentioned. In North Bihar at Sursand onlymica (khari) printing is done.Jhinkana EmbroideryJhinkana is a form of embroidery in which chain stitch isused to beautify the items of personal clothing. This stitch isdone on personal garments and the filling-in is done by longand short satin stitches. The needle makes a light soundwhen working its way through the cloth.Bhagalpuri Silk SareeBhagalpuri Silk is a household name in India & is a varietyof Sarees that fascinates everyone with its elegance andgrandeur. This overall natural self-lined silk is beautiful blendof different textures, style and quality.
DO’S & DONT’SDO’SRead culture of Bihar i.e. about their traditions and perception.Know about the temperature prevailing at the time of visit.Follow all instructions on roads for safe journey.Proper planning is to be done to avoid wastage of time.Keep valuables in hotel locker / safe deposit vaults and get receipt.Check about photography permission / video filming at any monument.DONT’SAvoid travelling to hilly areas and near rivers in rainy season.Dont encourage beggars.Don’t travel without tickets in public transports.Don’t make obscure scenes on roads.Dont accept food or drink from strangers.Refrain from showing affection overtly.Smoking and drinking is not allowed in public places.
How to reach BiharBy Air :Patna has regular flights from different cities of India. Cities like Delhi, Mumbai,Chennai, and Kolkata are linked with Patna with regular flights. SeveralAirlines including Air India and Jet Airways serve the city with regular flights.By Train :Patna is a major junction of Indian railway and is linked with all the major andminor cities of India via railway network. Patna has many regular trains fromDelhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Bangalore and Chennai.By Road :Patna is well connected with all the major cities of Bihar and the rest of India.An excellent road network links Patna to major cities and tourist destinationswithin Bihar. Intra-city road transportation is also good in Patna.
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