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At Ipenburg
<ul><li>The background </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing scope of humanness </li></ul><ul><li>Full humanness denied </li></ul><...
 
<ul><li>History: late access to the wider world </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch rule </li></ul><...
 
<ul><li>1950: New Guinea separated from the Dutch East Indies, which became independent in December 1949 </li></ul><ul><li...
 
 
<ul><li>Values:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality  of all human beings as children of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother...
<ul><li>Representation: GKI in 1956 independent of Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation between Papuans of various ethnic...
<ul><li>October 1962: Indonesia  occupies West Papua. </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesianisation: Papuanness rejected. </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Continuous repression:  West Papua Area of Military Operation (DOM). </li></ul><ul><li>Many Papuan cultural  expre...
<ul><li>1971 – 1973 Effort at enforced indonesianisation: forcing pants on resistant Highlanders.  </li></ul>
 
 
 
<ul><li>Ascension Day: Suharto steps down. Habibie becomes President. The New Order (1965-98) becomes the Orde Reformasi, ...
<ul><li>Dialogue: We want Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Papua Congress: “socialization” and mobilization </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Transmigration: Papuans become a minority </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development focus on the modern (non-Papuan) ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Zone Damai : peace zones </li></ul><ul><li>Papua Tanah Damai: Land of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>New role for the Pap...
 
 
<ul><li>Papuans have a new sense of identity </li></ul><ul><li>The right to be a Papuan: black skin, frizzy hair,  a Chris...
 
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Regaining Humanness. The Papuan struggle for human dignity

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An analysis of the struggle of the Papuans in West Papua (Western New Guinea) , Indonesia to reclaim the right to be considered fully human, in a context of serious violations of human rights, including the right to life.
Papuans use metaphors of the Christian faith to redefine their situation and to engage in a non-violent struggle against Indonesian rule, and the impunity enjoyed by the Indonesian security forces .

Published in: Spiritual, Business, Travel
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Regaining Humanness. The Papuan struggle for human dignity

  1. 1. At Ipenburg
  2. 2. <ul><li>The background </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing scope of humanness </li></ul><ul><li>Full humanness denied </li></ul><ul><li>Regaining humanness </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>History: late access to the wider world </li></ul><ul><li>Role of Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Dutch rule </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesian control </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>1950: New Guinea separated from the Dutch East Indies, which became independent in December 1949 </li></ul><ul><li>From 1950 tot 1962 increased effort at development and at emancipation of the Papuans, especially those at the Coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for Papuan Independence, just like the Australian, British and French territories in the Pacific. </li></ul>
  5. 9. <ul><li>Values: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality of all human beings as children of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brother- and sisterhood across tribal lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An identity as Papuans over one’s ethnic identity </li></ul></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>Representation: GKI in 1956 independent of Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation between Papuans of various ethnic backgrounds at Presbytery and Synod level. </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities at individual advancement and leadership </li></ul>
  7. 11. <ul><li>October 1962: Indonesia occupies West Papua. </li></ul><ul><li>Indonesianisation: Papuanness rejected. </li></ul><ul><li>Security approach: army supreme </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights violations: impunity </li></ul><ul><li>Discontinuity </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>Continuous repression: West Papua Area of Military Operation (DOM). </li></ul><ul><li>Many Papuan cultural expressions forbidden: music, dance, way of dress. </li></ul><ul><li>Word ‘Papua‘ was discouraged: the territory renamed Irian Jaya; the inhabitants Irianese or (only) Biak, Me, Asmat, Dani and so on) </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>1971 – 1973 Effort at enforced indonesianisation: forcing pants on resistant Highlanders. </li></ul>
  10. 17. <ul><li>Ascension Day: Suharto steps down. Habibie becomes President. The New Order (1965-98) becomes the Orde Reformasi, The Reformation Order. </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of a “Dialogue” with the Papuans </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of repression – no more fear for the Intel. </li></ul>
  11. 18. <ul><li>Dialogue: We want Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Papua Congress: “socialization” and mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>New Papua: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>claiming back Papua history </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>memoria passionis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>human rights advocay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>supremacy of Papuan interests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Independence (or at least real autonomy) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 19. <ul><li>Transmigration: Papuans become a minority </li></ul><ul><li>Economic development focus on the modern (non-Papuan) sector </li></ul>
  13. 28. <ul><li>Zone Damai : peace zones </li></ul><ul><li>Papua Tanah Damai: Land of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>New role for the Papua Traditonal Law Council </li></ul><ul><li>But also increased immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Bankruptcy of Special Autonomy of 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of outside support for the Papuan case. </li></ul>
  14. 31. <ul><li>Papuans have a new sense of identity </li></ul><ul><li>The right to be a Papuan: black skin, frizzy hair, a Christian, </li></ul><ul><li>New initiatives: New Papua, Peace Zones, non-violence, human rights lobby </li></ul><ul><li>Interchurch and interreligious cooperation to avoid interreligious clashes (as in Ambon in 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Humanness regained, but the repression continues </li></ul>

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