Graffiti
Graffiti <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues? </li></ul>
What is graffiti?  A definition: <ul><li>Words or drawings, especially humorous, rude or political, on walls, doors, etc. ...
What is graffiti?  A modern timeline <ul><li>There are many histories of “modern” graffiti </li></ul><ul><li>But many peop...
What is graffiti?  A modern timeline <ul><li>In the late 1960s, “tagging” began to emerge in the streets of Philadelphia. ...
What is graffiti?  Modern <ul><li>Tag </li></ul><ul><li>the writer's logo, his/her stylized personal signature. </li></ul>...
What is graffiti?  A modern timeline <ul><li>1970s-1980s: </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti as both a form and a culture blossome...
What is graffiti?    A modern timeline <ul><li>Graffiti became a key element in the expression of emerging sub-cultural mu...
What is graffiti?    A modern timeline <ul><li>At the same time, the ‘legitimate’ art world started taking notice of this ...
What is graffiti?  A modern timeline <ul><li>Since 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti artists moved out of subways onto ‘str...
What is graffiti?  Modern: Types of graffiti <ul><li>Applying marks directly onto a surface </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly use...
What is graffiti? Is this an early example? City-Region Studies Centre
Discuss similarities and differences of modern graffiti and Lascaux cave paintings in Discussion 3. City-Region Studies Ce...
City-Region Studies Centre
Image Credits <ul><li>All images listed in order of appearance on slide (first to last or clockwise from top left). Images...
Image credits (cont’d) <ul><li>Slide 6. (1)  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hagia-sofia-viking.jpg; (2)  Barbara McKenz...
Image credits (cont’d) <ul><li>Slide 25. (1, 3-5, 8, 9)  Ondine Park; (2) Noah Sussman http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefan...
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Graffiti

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Graffiti

  1. 1. Graffiti
  2. 2. Graffiti <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the issues? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is graffiti? A definition: <ul><li>Words or drawings, especially humorous, rude or political, on walls, doors, etc. in public places. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  4. 4. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>There are many histories of “modern” graffiti </li></ul><ul><li>But many people see the immediate precursors in the various dynamic social changes of 1960s US urban life. In particular: </li></ul><ul><li>Political activism and protest (e.g. hippies) </li></ul><ul><li>(Re-)emergence of gangs (i.e. their territorial markers) </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  5. 5. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>In the late 1960s, “tagging” began to emerge in the streets of Philadelphia. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  6. 6. What is graffiti? Modern <ul><li>Tag </li></ul><ul><li>the writer's logo, his/her stylized personal signature. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  7. 7. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>1970s-1980s: </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti as both a form and a culture blossomed in New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti writers began by tagging subways. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  8. 8. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>Graffiti became a key element in the expression of emerging sub-cultural music scenes, including rap/hip hop and punk. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  9. 9. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>At the same time, the ‘legitimate’ art world started taking notice of this street art and the skills involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Art galleries began showing graffiti exhibits. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famously, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring </li></ul></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  10. 10. What is graffiti? A modern timeline <ul><li>Since 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti artists moved out of subways onto ‘street canvases’ </li></ul><ul><li>There has been increasing appreciation of graffiti as an art-form </li></ul><ul><li>Graffiti has an increasing presence in commercial media </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  11. 11. What is graffiti? Modern: Types of graffiti <ul><li>Applying marks directly onto a surface </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly used material: spray paint, paint, marker, chalk, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be done freehand or using pre-made stencils. </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  12. 12. What is graffiti? Is this an early example? City-Region Studies Centre
  13. 13. Discuss similarities and differences of modern graffiti and Lascaux cave paintings in Discussion 3. City-Region Studies Centre
  14. 14. City-Region Studies Centre
  15. 15. Image Credits <ul><li>All images listed in order of appearance on slide (first to last or clockwise from top left). Images from Flickr and wikimedia are attributed to contributor's username. </li></ul><ul><li>Images may have been edited for presentation purposes. Where they exist, copyrights remain with original holders. </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 2. (1) Ondine Park; (2) raptortheangel http://www.flickr.com/photos/raptortheangel/35500986/; (3) contessak http://flickr.com/photos/tree-tangled/3760617425/; (4) peterjohnchen http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjohnchen/2616726869/; (5) MTO http://www.fatcap.com/artist/mto.html; (6) Andre http://www.fatcap.com/artist/andre.html; (7) Edina Tokodi http://www.inhabitat.com/2009/05/23/eco-art-mosstika-gathers-more-moss/; (8) Invader http://www.fatcap.com/artist/space-invaders.html ;(9) Orticanoodles http://www.fatcap.com/artist/orticanoodles.html; (10) OH http://www.fatcap.com/article/oh-interview.html; (11) Jef Aerosol http://www.fatcap.com/artist/jef-aerosol.html; (12) Os Gemeos http://www.fatcap.com/artist/os-gemeos.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 3. Definition from Cambridge Dictionaries Online </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 4. Adapted from Online Etymology Dictionary © 2001 Douglas Harper; see also other histories listed in References. (1) http://arthistorymadness.blogspot.com/2007/10/graffiti-from-pompeii.html; (2) Vincent Ramos http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Graffiti_politique_de_Pompei.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 5. (1) MatthiasKabel http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Reproduction_cave_of_Altamira_01.jpg; (2) HTO http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lascaux,_replica_05.JPG </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  16. 16. Image credits (cont’d) <ul><li>Slide 6. (1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hagia-sofia-viking.jpg; (2) Barbara McKenzie http://mayaruins.com/tikal/graffiti.html; (3) Centre for the Study of Ancient Documents, University of Oxford http://www.csad.ox.ac.uk/csad/Newsletters/Newsletter6/Newsletter6b.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 7. (both) Royal Alberta Museum http://www.royalalbertamuseum.ca/human/archaeo/faq/rockart.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 8. Adapted from Online Etymology Dictionary © 2001 Douglas Harper </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 10. (1) http://freshlyeducatedmen.wordpress.com/2009/06/19/hip-hop-graffiti-part-1-of-2/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 11. A dapted from The Words: A Graffiti Glossary www.graffiti.org. (1) Martha Cooper http://www.studionemo.com/2008/12/martha-coopers-tag-town/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 12. (both) Subway Outlaws http://www.subwayoutlaws.com/history/history.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 16. Midnite Run http://sunsite.icm.edu.pl/graffiti/midniterun/flix/ny/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 19. Keith Haring http://ahappyplace.wordpress.com/2009/03/10/keith-haring-guaranteed-to-send-you-to-a-happy-place/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 21. (1) Fat Cap http://www.fatcap.com/article/43.html; (2) http://blog.sellsiusrealestate.com/business/guerilla-marketing-with-graffiti-style-ads/2006/09/08/; (3) http://sarahleey.wordpress.com/2009/01/19/stephen-sprouse-triubte-collection/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 24. (1-3, 5) Ondine Park; (4) peterjohnchen http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjohnchen/2578100116/in/photostream/; (6) Banksy http://www.indymedia.ie/article/90538; (7) http://www.graffiti.org/war/war_18.html </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre
  17. 17. Image credits (cont’d) <ul><li>Slide 25. (1, 3-5, 8, 9) Ondine Park; (2) Noah Sussman http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/141590736/; (6, 7) peterjohnchen http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjohnchen/2568434123/; http://www.flickr.com/photos/peterjohnchen/2571110751/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 26. (1) Noah Sussman http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/1123146758/; (2) Edina Tokodi http://www.woostercollective.com/2008/11/the_as_to_our_qs_edina_tokodi_aka_mossti.html; (3) Alexandre Orion http://www.inhabitat.com/2007/01/11/reverse-graffiti/; (4) Noah Sussman http://www.flickr.com/photos/thefangmonster/1353101148/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 27. (1) Ministère de la Culture et Communication, France, Enluminures http://www.enluminures.culture.fr ; (2) Schmoo http://www.graffiti.org/la/la_10.html; (3) from The British Library http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Woman_teaching_geometry.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 28. Jinks http://www.fatcap.com/graffiti/6322-jinks-nantes.html </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 37. (all) City of Vancouver Graffiti Management Program http://vancouver.ca/engsvcs/streets/graffiti/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 38. Banksy http://www.fatcap.com/graffiti/13622-banksy-london.html </li></ul>City-Region Studies Centre

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