Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Penn State - Institutional Review Board - Open 2011

1,169 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Penn State - Institutional Review Board - Open 2011

  1. 1. Ethical Challenges in Research with Developing Communities<br />Carey Bell Rachel Dzombak Tara SulewskiKhanjan Mehta<br />Humanitarian Engineering & Social Entrepreneurship (HESE) Program<br />The Pennsylvania State University<br />
  2. 2. Road Map<br /><ul><li> Current Ventures
  3. 3. Importance of ‘Research’
  4. 4. The Institutional Review Board (IRB)
  5. 5. Challenges Faced & Lessons Learned</li></ul>Navigating the IRB process<br />Conducting study in Kenya<br />Larger Conflicts and Challenges<br />
  6. 6. HESE @ Penn State<br />
  7. 7. the ventures <br />
  8. 8. EDSGN 452 || Section 1<br />ESSENTIAL DESIGN<br />Renewable Energy Solar Driers Anaerobic Digesters<br />Wastewater Management Water Filtration Systems<br />Briquetting Machines Water Well Drilling Rigs<br />
  9. 9. EDSGN 452 || Section 2<br />Mashavu: <br />Networked Health Solutions for the Developing World<br />234 Students + 5 Faculty <br />40 Majors & Ten colleges<br />
  10. 10. EDSGN 452 || Section 3<br />WishVast<br />Building Trust and Social Capital using Cell Phones<br />Beta-tested in Kenya; Pilot Testing in South Africa<br />
  11. 11. EDSGN 452 || Section 4<br />iSPACES: <br />Rethinking Science Education in Tanzania<br />Bachelors of Education (Science) Degree<br />Science, Systems and Entrepreneurship<br />
  12. 12. EDSGN 452 || Section 5<br />Project Prerana + Mpower<br />ICT Solutions for Women’s Education <br />Affordable Technologies for Maternal Health<br />
  13. 13. Fieldwork: Real; Rigorous; Intense <br />
  14. 14. Research Emphasis<br />Applied Science, Designs,<br />Methodologies, Curricular Models<br />Lessons Learned & Resources<br />23P; 6R; 9M; 5D; 12N<br />
  15. 15. Why Research?<br />
  16. 16. <ul><li> Anecdotal vs. (in)Credible Research
  17. 17. Increased Academic Rigor
  18. 18. Enhanced Résumés
  19. 19. Building a body of knowledge</li></li></ul><li>Institutional Review Board<br />Tuskegee Syphilis Study<br />Declaration of Helsinki<br />1932<br />1964<br />1974<br />1947<br />1930<br />2011<br />National Research Act<br />Nuremburg Trials<br />
  20. 20. Institutional Review Board<br />Review and Approve ‘research’ involving human participation<br />Operates independently in compliance with Federal Regulations<br />Exempt<br />Expedited<br />Full Review<br />
  21. 21. Navigating the IRB<br />Informed Consent <br />Form<br />FDA Approval<br />Local Approval<br />Detailed Protocol<br />Minimal Risk<br />Expedited<br />(3 weeks)<br />Data Storage <br />&<br />Disposal<br />Photos<br />Location<br />Collaboration Letters<br />Recruitment Script<br />
  22. 22. Benefits of IRB <br />Standardization; Rigor; Peace of Mind <br />
  23. 23. Critiques of IRB <br />Biomedical Res; Time constraints; Simplification<br />
  24. 24. Research in Developing Communities<br />Chaotic; <br />
  25. 25. Research in Developing Communities<br />Chaotic; Dynamic;<br />
  26. 26. Research in Developing Communities<br />Chaotic; Dynamic; Unfamiliar<br />
  27. 27. Countdown: Lessons Learned<br />9<br />8<br />7<br />6<br />5<br />4<br />3<br />2<br />1<br />0<br />
  28. 28. 10: Kumi<br />Preparing Protocol<br />START EARLY!!!<br />
  29. 29. 9: Tisa<br />Preparing Protocol<br />Be concise; Meet Face to Face; Get Letters<br />
  30. 30. 8: Nane<br />Preparing Protocol<br />Risk Management: What if???<br />
  31. 31. HakunaMatata<br />7: Saba<br />Recruitment and Consent<br />
  32. 32. 6: Sita<br />HakunaMatata<br />Language Barrier<br />
  33. 33. 5: Tano<br />HakunaMatata<br />Research Participation Incentives<br />
  34. 34. 4: Nne<br />HakunaMatata<br />Involvement Criteria<br />
  35. 35. 3: Tatu<br />Non-medical student Engagement<br />HakunaMatata<br />
  36. 36. 2: Mbili<br />Larger Conflicts<br />Research on a shoestring budget<br />
  37. 37. 1: Moja<br />Larger Conflicts<br />“Hit and Run” Research Ethical? <br />
  38. 38. Larger Conflicts<br />0: Sifuri<br />Chaos of Eship (in Africa) vs. <br />Discipline of Research<br />
  39. 39. Appropriate & Rigorous Research and Design to<br />Build Multi-Million Smile Enterprises<br />

×