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CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                    1                                  NCIIA 2011          ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                   2                         Workshop Objectives  • Quickly...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                             3            Systematic Innovation Techniques  •   Biomimicry ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                4                                  Biomimicry  • Shinkansen front end model...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                            5                                  Painstorming  • Find – and e...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                                 6                    Functional Decomposit...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                       7                             Axiomatic Design  • Two principle axio...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                             8         Ethnography: IDEO Methods Cards  • Cards summarizing...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011           9    How Many Ways Do You Know to Move a                 Liquid?
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                           10  •   Acoustic Cavitation         •   Gravity ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                         11     TRIZ: The Theory of Inventive Problem                   Sol...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                                        12                        Lateral B...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                                13                   De Bono’s Six Hats    ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                               14                              De Bono’s Co...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                  15                                     Bisociation       ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                             16                          Blue Ocean Strategy         Source...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                          17                                  Nine Windows ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                                 18                   The Search for the Pr...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                                              19                       The ...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                                 20                                  Slides  • The slides s...
CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011                21                   Let’s Try Some Techniques  • De Bono‟s Provocation  • ...
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NSF Tools & Techniques - Systematic Innovation - Open 2011

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NSF Tools & Techniques - Systematic Innovation - Open 2011

  1. 1. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 1 NCIIA 2011 Workshop on Systematic Innovation Tools Tools & Techniques Workshop Sponsored by NSF Development Work Sponsored by the Kern Family Foundation Jonathan Weaver1, Nassif Rayess1& Sri Condoor2 1 University of Detroit Mercy 2 Saint Louis University
  2. 2. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 2 Workshop Objectives • Quickly introduce various techniques for systematic innovation that can help entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs generate more and better concepts • Present more detail on two such techniques with some time to apply them during the workshop • Provide free access to slides on the various tools for your use in the classroom
  3. 3. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 3 Systematic Innovation Techniques • Biomimicry • Bisociation • Painstorming • Blue Ocean Strategy • Functional Decomposition • Nine Windows • Axiomatic Design • The Search for the • Ethnography Problem • TRIZ • Kano Model • Lateral Benchmarking • De Bono‟s Provocation • De Bono‟s Six Hats • Trimming • De Bono‟s Concept Fans
  4. 4. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 4 Biomimicry • Shinkansen front end modeled after kingfisher‟s beak to minimize tunnel entry/exit shockwave • Pantograph supports have serrations modeled after owl plumage to reduce wind noise Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature, J. Benyus, Perrenial NY, 2002
  5. 5. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 5 Painstorming • Find – and eliminate – your customers‟ biggest pains
  6. 6. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 6 Functional Decomposition Store/accept Convert ener- Energy external gy to transla- energy tional energy Apply Store Isolate Driven Nails nails nail translational energy to nail Nail “Trip” Sense Trigger of Trip Tool Tool Based on Ulrich & Eppinger, 2005
  7. 7. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 7 Axiomatic Design • Two principle axioms: Independence, Information
  8. 8. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 8 Ethnography: IDEO Methods Cards • Cards summarizing 51 techniques IDEO uses to come up with new innovations • Broken into four categories: LEARN, LOOK, ASK, and TRY • LOOK and ASK most relate to ethnography and include : – A day in the life - Narration – Behavioral mapping - Extreme User Interviews – Fly on the wall - Word-Concept Association – Time lapse video - Camera Journal
  9. 9. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 9 How Many Ways Do You Know to Move a Liquid?
  10. 10. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 10 • Acoustic Cavitation • Gravity • Acoustic Vibrations • Inertia • Archimedes‟ Principle • Ionic Exchange • Bernoulli‟s Theorem • Jet Flow • Boiling • Lorentz Force • Brush Constructions • Magnetostriction • Capillary Condensation • Mechanocaloric Effect • Capillary Evaporation • Osmosis • Capillary Pressure • Pascal Law • Coanda Effect • Resonance • Condensation • Shock Wave • Coulomb‟s Law • Spiral • Deformation • Super Thermal Conductivity • Electrocapillary Effect • Superfluidity • Electroosmosis • Surface Tension • Electrophoresis • Thermal Expansion • Electrostatic Induction • Thermocapillary Effect • Ellipse • Thermomechanical Effect • Evaporation • Ultrasonic Capillary Effect • Ferromagnetism • Ultrasonic Vibrations • Forced Oscillations • Use of foam • Funnel Effect • Wetting Knowledge from all fields
  11. 11. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 11 TRIZ: The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving The Direct Path Can Be Elusive Your Problem Your Solution Generic Problem Generic Solution
  12. 12. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 12 Lateral Benchmarking Source: http://www.takegreatpictures.com/content/images/pit_crew_racing_houston_gra.jpg
  13. 13. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 13 De Bono’s Six Hats Each hat signifies a thinking mode White: The information hat Visualize white paper with information written on it. Red: The emotion hat Visualize “seeing red,” passion, valentine hearts. Black: The caution hat (note: this is not a cowboy “bad guy” hat) Visualize dark consequences. Yellow: The optimism hat Visualize the yellow sunshine on a bight new day. Green: The creativity hat Visualize green pastures, open fields on which to roam. Blue: The procedure hat Visualize the sky over us, we work under the blue sky.
  14. 14. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 14 De Bono’s Concept Fans Meter water Increased efficiency of use Charge for water use Reduced waste Reduce Cope with a water shortage consumptionRaise charge for water use Discourage useWater only obtainable from Education public sources New sourcesWater only at certain times Recycling Increase Put a harmless bad smell supply into the water Less wastage from sourceRestrict discretionary use Education Publish names of heavy users Stop water-using processes Do without Objective Threaten to ration water Substitute other substances Avoid need to use water BROAD IDEA CONCEPT CONCEPT
  15. 15. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 15 Bisociation en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image: Sears_Tower_ss.jpg
  16. 16. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 16 Blue Ocean Strategy Source: Blue Ocean Strategy, W. Chan Kim & Renee Mauborgne, Harvard Business School Press, 2005
  17. 17. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 17 Nine Windows Reference: Gamestorming: A playbook for Innovators, Rulebreakers and ChangemakersDave Gray, S. Brown and J. Macanufo, O‟Reilly 2010
  18. 18. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 18 The Search for the Problem • Techniques to help make sure you‟re working on the right problem – Statement – Restatement – Why – Why Diagram (aka „5 Why‟s‟) – Present State – Future State – Checklisting / Trigger Words – Situation Analysis Reference: Engineering bv Design, Gerard Voland, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2nd edition 2004
  19. 19. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 19 The Kano Model (Cont.) + Not Fully Implemented 0 Implemented - Diagram adapted from the Kano Model, Noriako Kano, Yoko University
  20. 20. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 20 Slides • The slides shown here will be available via NCIIA • If you want slides on the other topics, please email Jonathan Weaver – they‟re free for classroom use – but if you can help us make them better, we‟d appreciate it!
  21. 21. CondoorRayess Weaver NCIIA 2011 21 Let’s Try Some Techniques • De Bono‟s Provocation • Trimming

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