Guiding Principles for Sustainable Humanitarian Engineering Projects<br />Robyn Sandekian, Managing Director<br />Mortenso...
Intro to Humanitarian Engineering Concept<br />Goals of Humanitarian Engineering Activities<br />Proposed Guiding Principl...
Why Engineering for Humanitarian Development?<br /><ul><li>1.2 billion lack clean water
  2.4 billion lack adequate sanitation
  2.4 billion are at risk with malaria
  29,000 children die from hunger daily
  1.1 billion overfed vs. 1.1 billion underfed
1.2 billion lack adequate housing
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Guiding Principles for Sustainable Humanitarian Engineering Projects

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The engineering profession must embrace a new mission statement: to contribute to the building of a more sustainable, stable, and equitable world. Recently, engineering students and professionals in the US have shown more interest in directly addressing the needs of developing communities worldwide. That interest has taken the form of short- and medium-term international trips through Engineers Without Borders-USA and similar organizations. There are also several instances where this kind of outreach work has been integrated into engineering education. This paper addresses the challenges and opportunities associated with balancing two goals in engineering for humanitarian development projects: (i) effective sustainable community development, and (ii) meaningful education of engineers. Guiding principles necessary to meet those two goals are proposed.

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  • putting quality above quantity, and remindingall participants that the main goal is to create something sustainable that can be maintained andreproduced by the community.Volunteer participants must also understand that they are bound to a professional code of ethics withregard to behavior, accountability, quality control and quality assurance, and delivery of projects.Specifically, volunteer-basedorganizations are often driven by the motivations of their current volunteer labor force and thosevolunteers tend to want to experience an immediate return on their effortsAt the same time, volunteersshould be discouraged from innovation simply for the sake of their own interest in the projects. Acomplicated new system design might be more exciting for volunteers, but a simple modification to anexisting design is usually better for the partner community.EvaluationThe concept of evaluation instills fear into the minds of many individuals and organizational leaders.However, without this key component, it is impossible to determine the true success of any project.Standard methodologies for evaluating civil engineering projects, which typically are large-scale, longlivedprojects involving many economic, financial, social, and environmental factors may or may not bedirectly applicable to these types of projects. However, those traditional methods provide a frameworkfor the development of appropriate metrics of success. The MC-EDC is currently collecting samples ofevaluation methodologies for incorporation into a best practices guide.
  • Guiding Principles for Sustainable Humanitarian Engineering Projects

    1. 1. Guiding Principles for Sustainable Humanitarian Engineering Projects<br />Robyn Sandekian, Managing Director<br />Mortenson Center inEngineering for Developing Communities<br />
    2. 2. Intro to Humanitarian Engineering Concept<br />Goals of Humanitarian Engineering Activities<br />Proposed Guiding Principles<br />Overview of Presentation<br />
    3. 3.
    4. 4. Why Engineering for Humanitarian Development?<br /><ul><li>1.2 billion lack clean water
    5. 5. 2.4 billion lack adequate sanitation
    6. 6. 2.4 billion are at risk with malaria
    7. 7. 29,000 children die from hunger daily
    8. 8. 1.1 billion overfed vs. 1.1 billion underfed
    9. 9. 1.2 billion lack adequate housing
    10. 10. 1.6 billion have no access to electricity
    11. 11. 4.2 billion are unable to read
    12. 12. 1.8 billion live in conflict zones, in transition, or in situations of permanent instability</li></li></ul><li>“…responds to the global need for engineers who:<br />…understand problems of development & sustainability,<br />…are motivated by a sense of the future, and<br />…are able to interact with other disciplines,<br />…to design and implement solutions.”<br /> - George Bugliarello, 2008<br />Engineering for Development<br />
    13. 13. Engineering for humanitarian development contributes to the implementation of the eight Millennium Development Goals<br />Engr for Humanitarian Development<br />
    14. 14. Within the academic context, two basic goals:<br />effective sustainable community development,<br />and<br />meaningful education of engineers.<br />Goals of Engr for Humanitarian Dvlp<br />
    15. 15. Shared Mission, Vision, Values, and Approach<br />Quality Control and Ethics<br />Organizational Accountability<br />Education<br />Innovation and Technologic Appropriateness<br />Fundraising<br />Collaboration and Teamwork<br />Duration of Intervention<br />Sustainability<br />Evaluation<br />10 Proposed Guiding Principles<br />
    16. 16. Thank You!<br />

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