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Authentic Learning Experience


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Authentic Learning Experience

  1. 1. Authentic Learning Experience Mariappan “Jawa” Mariappan, Ph.D. Interim Director, Center for Community Service Learning Associate Professor, Mechanical Engineering California State Polytechnic University NCIIA 13th Annual Meeting Washington D. C. March 19, 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>Theories of Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empiricism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviorism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pragmatism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… .. </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  3. 3. <ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner´s knowledge is based past knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timeliness of new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to understand the connections </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  4. 4. <ul><li>In other words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learner´s construct their own knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge is not transferred into learner´s brain </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences A well must produce its own water – Farsi Proverb
  5. 5. <ul><li>Bloom´s Taxonomy – Goals of Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  6. 6. <ul><li>Is this another buzzword? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How about senior projects, hands-on activities, internships, etc.? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the difference? </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  7. 7. <ul><li>Traditional Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It links curriculum and teaching methods such that an educator can deliver knowledge to as many students possible within a short period of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to NCREL [2005], this assumes that properly managed instruction enables most students to acquire the skills and knowledge needed to continue to learn. Practice and repetition, with frequent tests of recall and recitation, characterize this approach. This approach is the only one that many parents and educators have ever known, and their level of comfort with this model will make it very difficult to supplant. </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  8. 8. <ul><li>Characteristics of Constructivist Learning Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple representation of reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple representations avoid oversimplification and represent the complexity of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on knowledge construction instead of reproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on real tasks in an meaningful context rather than abstract instruction out of context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario based learning instead of predetermined sequence of instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thoughtful reflection on experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enable context and content dependent instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative construction of knowledge </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  9. 9. <ul><li>Scenario-Based Learning (SBL) </li></ul><ul><li>Create a scenario that represents a realistic situation </li></ul><ul><li>Students make decisions through a guided process </li></ul><ul><li>Learning occurs when the learner goes through the experience, regardless of the final outcome </li></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  10. 10. Authentic Learning Experiences
  11. 11. Authentic Learning Experiences
  12. 12. Hyatt Skywalk Strategy <ul><li>New atrium design lobby 60 feet high with new elegant skywalks suspended from the ceiling </li></ul><ul><li>Greatest structural tragedy in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Two skywalks collapsed dumping 65 tons of concrete, metal, glass and dance spectators onto hundreds of people below </li></ul><ul><li>114 died including 18 pairs of husbands and wives </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hyatt Skywalk Strategy <ul><li>Jack Gillum, who was in-charge of the $50 million Hyatt Project said in an interview that any first-year engineering student could figure it out (the cause). </li></ul><ul><li>Your task as an engineering student is to conduct an investigation and determine the cause. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hyatt Skywalk Strategy <ul><li>What happened? </li></ul><ul><li>What were the building codes and where they observed? </li></ul><ul><li>Were there any signals? Were they ignored? </li></ul><ul><li>Theories (vibration, poor workmanship, bad material, design change, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis (FBD, Calculations) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Teaching Mechanics Using SBL <ul><li>Vectors, Equilibrium, FBD </li></ul><ul><li>Structural Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Frames and Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Centroids </li></ul><ul><li>Friction </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>Involves the learners in activities that deal with a real-life problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve real people in real time, and therefore it contain elements of drama and dilemma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content knowledge is usually embedded in the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unstructured problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value beyond classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personally meaningful and fulfilling </li></ul></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences Entrepreneurial Education
  17. 17. Cal Poly Pomona, Mariappan &quot;Jawa&quot; Jawaharlal Projects
  18. 18. Spoon Holder - Devices for developmentally disabled (cerebral palsy) Authentic Learning Experiences
  19. 19. Exercise Bicycle - Devices for developmentally disabled (down syndrome) Authentic Learning Experiences
  20. 20. Voice Activated Wheel Chair for handicapped Prof. Saeed Monemi Authentic Learning Experiences
  21. 21. Water Pump - Devices for the developing countries Authentic Learning Experiences
  22. 22. Spring Return Singer Sewing Style Water Pump - Devices for the developing countries Authentic Learning Experiences
  23. 23. Authentic Learning Experiences
  24. 24. Teeter Totter Water Pump Authentic Learning Experiences
  25. 25. Drinking Assistant Authentic Learning Experiences
  26. 26. Table Top Can Crusher Authentic Learning Experiences
  27. 27. DMD (Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy) Helping Hand Authentic Learning Experiences
  28. 28. Helping Hand Authentic Learning Experiences
  29. 29. Engineering Design Inspired by Nature - Biomimicry Preliminary Research Authentic Learning Experiences
  30. 30. Engineering Design Inspired by Nature - Biomimicry Preliminary Research Authentic Learning Experiences
  31. 31. Engineering Design Inspired by Nature - Biomimicry Preliminary Research Authentic Learning Experiences
  32. 32. Collegewood Elementary School, Walnut Authentic Learning Experiences
  33. 33. <ul><li>International Service Learning projects </li></ul><ul><li>Coconut de-husking </li></ul><ul><li>Human powered home lighting (with SDSU) </li></ul><ul><li>Water delivery system (in Guatemala) </li></ul>Authentic Learning Experiences
  34. 34. Authentic Learning Experiences Risk Management Risk management is less about what happens after something goes wrong than it is about informing everyone so that nothing goes wrong to begin with <ul><li>Protects you, the faculty member </li></ul><ul><li>Protects your student </li></ul><ul><li>Protects your Partner </li></ul>
  35. 35. Authentic Learning Experiences Thanks you! Q/A