A Reflection of Mobile Learning In Asia and a Conceptual Framework


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This is a presentation of a conference paper at IADIS Mobile Learning 2010 at Porto, Portugal by Daniel Chun of Art Group @Cyberport IncuTrain Center and Eric Tsui of Knowledge Management Research Center of Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

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  • What services can I deploy here and now? What are the services? Who Provides them? Downloaded, Imbedded or Interactive What technolgies? Bearers? Handsets? Who are the users? Where in the network is the content provided Imbedded in Handset or server Thick or thin client Portal or ASP What is the Business Case?
  • A Reflection of Mobile Learning In Asia and a Conceptual Framework

    1. 1. A Reflection of the State of Mobile Learning in Asia and a Conceptual Framework. presented at IADIS Mobile Learning Conference Porto, Portugal, March 21 st 2010 Daniel Chun Art Group Limited Cyberport IncuTrain Center Eric Tsui Knowledge Management Research Center Hong Kong Polytechnic University
    2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Overview of Mobile Penetration in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Lifelong learning and young learners </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Learning pilot tests </li></ul><ul><li>The need for new conceptual framework </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heterogeneous E-Learning Portal – Mobile Edition (HELP-ME) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example SMS based services </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
    3. 3. Use of mobile phones in Asia – just like other western countries.
    4. 4. An overview of Mobile Penetration Rate Chart 1. Mobile Penetration rate per 100 people for selected countries (ITU, 2008)
    5. 5. Example Mobile data services are rising in Hong Kong <ul><li>4.6 million mobile data users in HK. Over 50% of HK’s population (OFTA, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Tariffs 3G and WiFi access coming down </li></ul><ul><li>Devices are widely available </li></ul><ul><li>3G/HSPDA network coverage improved </li></ul>
    6. 6. Life-long Learning Students in Hong Kong <ul><li>25% of age 25-64 participating in some forms of continuing educations (Young, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Similar growth is experienced in other parts of Asia </li></ul>
    7. 7. Increasing number of tests coming out of labs <ul><li>HKU Olympic Equestrian Event 2008 </li></ul>http://www.hku.hk/press/news_detail_5801.html http://mlearning.eee.hku.hk/mobilequiz/index.html
    8. 8. Other pilot tests in Asia <ul><li>Using SMS in language learning in Philippines (Ramos, 2007), </li></ul><ul><li>SMS in enhancing student and course administration (So, 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Research Thesis in Mobile Learning increasing in Taiwan (Chiang, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Fieldtrip activity (Luo et al, 2009) </li></ul>
    9. 9. Other Mobile Learning examples - Mobile Classroom <ul><li>Bring the learning to the learners </li></ul>United States Hong Kong
    10. 10. Trends observed in these pilot tests <ul><li>Most pilot tests centered around higher education or some secondary school </li></ul><ul><li>Potential pitfalls in scale, evaluation, Could it be the reason > Homogeneous </li></ul><ul><li>Many other form of learning delivered by smaller educational service providers where </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning context is delivered via face to face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Dissemination, Enrolment, Assessment, Feedbacks and administrative tasks is a challenge </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Need for new framework for evaluation <ul><li>Ubiquitous Knowledge Construction (Peng, et al 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational framework (Laurillard, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>“ To guide the design of the learning-centered environment” (Cobcroft et al, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>“ the need to critically evaluate mobile learning pilot” (Traxler, 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of learning context when applied to new concept frameworks (Kukulska-Hulme et al 2009, Tsui 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>New Framework, New Revenue Model in order for Mobile Learning to get to main stream (Paliwal, 2009) </li></ul>
    12. 12. History of homogeneous networks <ul><li>Examples of the need for heterogeneous networked resources </li></ul><ul><li>CompuServe ID 10238,2888 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From CIS ID 10238,2888 to [email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Older corporate mail system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg. cc:Mail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From internal john_doe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today’s john_doe@enterprise.com </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. A comparison of traditional test scenarios vs HELP framework Test Boundary Pilot tests or LMS
    14. 14. Heterogeneous E-Learning Portal (HELP)
    15. 15. Purpose and intended outcomes <ul><li>HELP to obviate problems </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriateness </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of critical mass </li></ul><ul><li>HELP to </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Access </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Users Participation </li></ul>
    16. 16. Information related to learning
    17. 17. Learning habit starts young <ul><li>Learn by doing </li></ul><ul><li>Learn by following </li></ul><ul><li>Learn by reading </li></ul>
    18. 18. HELP Framework at trial <ul><li>Based on CMS open source and customer coding based on HELP model http://classbooking.com </li></ul><ul><li>Trial in HK </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking partners </li></ul>
    19. 19. ASSESSMENT and FEEDBACKS Parents can grade SP Feedbacks to teachers and SPs <ul><li>Teachers can GRADE and provide feedbacks </li></ul>
    20. 20. Mobile Browsers and SMS capable with request/response
    21. 21. Future Work, Findings and Reports <ul><li>HKEdCity for trial with Primary and Secondary Schools in HK for managing extra-curricular activities </li></ul><ul><li>Mashup to Google Calenader or other apps. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents, SP, Teachers can have personalised environment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engage in a community of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Learner’s work submission for peer review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing, exchange, user generated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Follow-me </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging work, class as objects </li></ul><ul><li>Digital delivery of learning object </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quizzes, Polls, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hopefully we can present our findings in Oct at MLEARN 2010 in Malta </li></ul>
    22. 22. Reference 1 <ul><li>Cavus, N. & Ibrahim, D., 2009. m-Learning: An experiement is using SMS to support learning new English language words. British Journal of Educational Technology . Vol 40. No. 1 pp 78-91 </li></ul><ul><li>Chen. H, 2006. Evolving Use of Knowledge Management for Mobile Interactive E-Learning Systems. Proceedings of the 2nd WSEAS/IASME International Conference on Educational Technologies. Bucharest, Romania, Oct 16-17, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang, F.K.., Lin, C.C., & Sun, C.S. , 2007. Content Analysis on the Trends and Issues of Theses and Dissertations of Mobile Learning in Taiwan. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning. Vol. 2, No.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Cobcroft, R.S. , Towers, S., Smith, J., & Bruns, A., 2006. Mobile learning in review: Opportunities and challenges for learners, teachers, and institutions. In: Online Learning and Teaching (OLT) Conference 2006, 26 September 2006, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane. </li></ul><ul><li>Conole, G. & Culver, J., 2009. Cloudworks: Social networking or learning design. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 2009, 25(5), Page 763-782 </li></ul><ul><li>HKU, 2008. HKU Launches Mobile Learning Platform to Enhance Quality of Learning and Teaching - Inter-School Mobile Quiz Contest to promote mobile learning and Olympics . Published report from Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering at Hong Kong University. Retrieved on Jan 5, 2009 at http://www.eee.hku.hk/achievements/achievements/mlearning.htm </li></ul>
    23. 23. Reference 2 <ul><li>ITU, 2008. Mobile Cellular Subscription rate per 100 people - ICT Statistics retrieved on Jan 6, 2010 at </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itu.int/ITUD/icteye/Reporting/ShowReportFrame.aspx?ReportName=/WTI/CellularSubscribersPublic&RP_intYear=2008&RP_intLanguageID=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Kukulska-Hulme, A & Sharples, M., 2009. Mobile and contextual learning, ALT-J, 17;3, 159-160 </li></ul><ul><li>Kukulska-Hulme A, 2009. Will Mobile Learning Change Language Learning ?. Recall for European Association for Computer Assisted Learning. 21(2): 157-165. </li></ul><ul><li>Laurillard, D., 2007. Book Chapter. Ch 6. Pedagogical forms of mobile learning: framing research questions. Retreived on Feb 1, 2009 at http://eprints.ioe.ac.uk/627/1/Mobile_C6_Laurillard.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Lee, H., Tsui, E., & Garner. B (2008) Leveraging Web 2.0 Concepts to Create an Open and Adaptive Approach to Corporate Learning. Cutter IT Journal. Jan, 2008. Page 14-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Luo, P.P. & Lai, C.H., 2009. Mobile Technology Supported Collaborative Learning in a Fieldtrip Activity. Conference proceeding at Technology Enhanced Learning Conference 2009 Oct 6 -8. Taipei, Taiwan. </li></ul><ul><li>Motlik, S., 2008. Mobile Learning in Developing Nations. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Vol 9. Number 2. </li></ul><ul><li>OFTA, 2009. Key statistics for telecommunications in Hong Kong – Wireless Services. Published Statistics. Nov, 30, 2009. Office of The Telecommunications Authority of Hong Kong. Retrieved on 2 Jan, 2010 at http://www.ofta.gov.hk/en/datastat/eng_wireless.pdf </li></ul>
    24. 24. Reference 3 <ul><li>Open EdTech, 2009. A Call For Action . Held at The New Media Consortium and the Open University of Catalunya. Retrieved on Dec 5, 2008 at http://www.nmc.org/pdf/OET09-communique.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Paliwal, S. & Sharma, K.K., 2009. Future Trend of Education – Mobile Learning Problems and Prospects. Conference proceeding at ICAL 2009 . Retrieved on Jan 6, 2009 at http://crl.du.ac.in/ical09/papers/index_files/ical-113_101_229_2_RV.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Peng, H., Su, Y.J., Chou, C. & Tsai, C.C., 2009. Ubiquitous knowledge construction : mobile learning re-defined and a conceptual framework. Innovations in Education and Teaching International. Vol. 46, No. 2, May 2009, 171-183 </li></ul><ul><li>So, S., 2009. The development of a SMS-based teaching and learning system. Journal of Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 2(1), 113-124 . </li></ul><ul><li>Traxler, J., 2009. Learning in a Mobile Age. International Journal of Mobile and Blended Learning. 1(1). 1-12, January-March 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Traxler, J., 2007. Current State of Mobile Learning. International Review on Research in Open and Distance Learning (IRRODL) 8, No.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Traxler, J. & Kukulska-Hulme, A., 2005. Evaluating Mobile Learning: Reflections on Current Practices, In: mLearn2005: Mobile Technology: The future of learning in your hands , 25-28-October 2005, Cape Town, South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Tsui, E., Yeung, V.W.S., & Garner, B., 2008. Motivation, Self-Assessment & Tacit Knowledge in E-Learning Context Selection. Proceedings of the Seventh IASTED International Conference. Web-based education March 17-19, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Young, E., 2008. Survey on the Demand for Continuing Education in Hong Kong 2007/2008 –Comarison and Analysis. A published report by HKUSPACE . Retreived on 2 Jan, 2010 at http://research.hkuspace.hku.hk/report/2007cedemand.pdf </li></ul>
    25. 25. Acknowledgement <ul><li>Incutrain Center, Hong Kong Cyberport </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Polytechnic University </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions & Reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prof. Brian Garner, Ermeritus Professor, Deakin University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper Reviewers at IADIS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incutrain Center, Hong Kong Cyberport </li></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong Polytechnic University </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions & Reviews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prof. Brian Garner, Ermeritus Professor, Deakin University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper reviewers at IADIS </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><li>Messy, dirty, smelly </li></ul><ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Creative, colorful, energy </li></ul>
    27. 27. Thank You - Contacts <ul><li>We welcome any collaboration </li></ul>Prof. Eric Tsui Professor of Knowledge Management & Assistant Director, KMRC [email_address] Daniel Chun Mobile Learning Researcher & Director of Art Group [email_address] My PhD research http://MobileLearner.com http://kmrc.ise.polyu.edu.hk http://ArtGroupLimited.com