Reading is making meaning fromWhat is reading? printed words. It requires that the reader: • Identify the words – a process called word recognition • Construct an understanding from them – a process called comprehension • Coordinate identifying words and making meaning so that reading is automatic and accurate – an achievement called fluency
2 Approaches to ReadingLeisurely approach – Reading for pleasure Scholarly approach – Reading for deeper meaning
What does “annotate” mean? Annotation is a method of writing down notes and marking an article, essay, or novel to do the following:To trace your reading To develop your (understanding the understanding of purpose, asking literary analysisquestions, connecting, (plot, figurative,summarizing, inferring) thematic)
Ask QUESTIONS About the characters About the plot and how the author willunfold the narrative to you as the reader About information you don’t understand
Writers often give you hints or clues thathelp you "read between the lines." Theseclues give you a deeper understanding.When you infer, you go beyond the surfacedetails to see other meanings that thedetails suggest or imply (not stated). Whenthe meanings of words are not statedclearly in the context of the text, they maybe implied - that is, suggested or hintedat. When meanings are implied, you mayinfer them.
Connect what you are reading to… How does this relate toHow does this something elserelate to something I’ve read?else in my life—family, community,etc? How does this relate to me?
Evaluate and Judge• What is the author ‘s thematic purpose?• How relevant are these ideas to you?• What previous ideas of yours has this writing changed or amplified?
The Levels of a Literary Text Figurative Level (analysis) PLOT LEVEL (detail) Things that can be answered with the question “Why?” or “How?”Things that can be answered with the Things that consider characters in thequestion “What?” narrative as both dynamic people and also the result of artistic choices:Things that concern events andsetting and character descriptions. People with goals, passions, ambitions, fears and desires.Things character does When the reader INFERS things about the “hidden” life of a character and whatPlot-level outcome of character’s motivates him/heractions When the reader considers literaryOther characters’ reactions to devices and techniques that an author uses to connect certain emotions or ideasevents/other characters with a character, place, or event.Setting details
And the last and most sophisticated level: THEMATIC LevelWhen the reader can make thematicevaluations and statements.When the reader says a character/represents a CONCEPT or an IDEAby design; these take on a deepermessage, or overall point that theauthor is conveying.When the reader considersuniversal themes that the authorhas asked to consider
Good annotationswill have a balanceof written ideas ofyour own thoughts,connections andideas with yourunderstanding ofthe author’s ideasand intentions
Comment on a Make a general comment about an entire line orspecific image whole quotationMention literary Just discuss “words”devices/elements or “images” Just mention your ownMention authorial intent/or opinion about the textat least try to speculateauthorial intention