Counter trafficking problems and inefficiencies

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Counter trafficking problems and inefficiencies

  1. 1. COUNTER TRAFFICKING PROGRAMS An illustration of the current challenges of an adhoc approach.
  2. 2. TAGAN
  3. 3. TAGAN Tagan is a fictional middle income country that borders the ocean...OCEAN
  4. 4. RENO SOLUM TAGAN ... and two other countries.OCEAN
  5. 5. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Tagan has a population of 25 million people – half of which who live in 4 major urban areas.OCEAN
  6. 6. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Both Reno and Solum are very poor countries with populations that exceed 35 million.OCEAN
  7. 7. RENO SOLUM TAGAN With few viable work options for workers in these two bordering countries, irregular migration into Tagan is a common outcomeOCEAN
  8. 8. RENO SOLUM TAGANOCEAN
  9. 9. RENO SOLUM TAGAN In addition to external migrationthere is also internal migration in areas where draught is endemicOCEAN
  10. 10. RENO SOLUM TAGAN In addition to external migrationthere is also internal migration in areas where draught is endemicOCEAN
  11. 11. RENO SOLUM TAGAN In addition to external migrationthere is also internal migration in areas where draught is endemicOCEAN
  12. 12. RENO SOLUM TAGANFrom the port city, migration to other countries throughout theregion is common.OCEAN
  13. 13. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Like most countries, where there is extensive migration, there is human trafficking.OCEAN
  14. 14. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Sex traffickingOCEAN
  15. 15. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Sex trafficking Forced laborOCEAN
  16. 16. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Sex trafficking Forced labor FisheriesOCEAN
  17. 17. RENO SOLUM TAGANTo respond, a variety of government andNGO interventions have been fundedOCEAN
  18. 18. RENO SOLUM TAGAN General awareness, safe migration and poverty elevation programs. PREVENTIONOCEAN
  19. 19. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PREVENTION P P POCEAN
  20. 20. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Improvement of the legal P system and support to bring cases to court. PROSECUTION P P POCEAN
  21. 21. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR PROSECUTION PR P PR P P PROCEAN
  22. 22. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Provision of shelter and P PR support to those who have been trafficked. PROTECTION PR P PR P P PROCEAN
  23. 23. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR PROTECTION PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  24. 24. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR Like many countries,there is limited funding - thus to have impact, programs need to be PR well targeted. P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  25. 25. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR Now that some of the details have been laid out, it is time to analyze some of PRthe common problems Pfaced by many country PT programs. PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  26. 26. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR PR P PREVENTION PT PT PR P PT P PROCEAN
  27. 27. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PRThere are fourprevention sites on this map. PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  28. 28. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PRThere are fourprevention sites on this map. PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  29. 29. RENO Note, none ofSOLUM the TAGAN prevention programs are inPREVENTION P PR the drought locations where many people migrate from. PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  30. 30. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Another prime site shouldPREVENTION P PR be along a border where there is a concentrated set of cross border points. PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  31. 31. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION While this site may help to P PR sensitize people to the problem, if one were to take a more strategic approach, it does not PR P appear to be the best location. It may have been PT PR selected simply because an PT P NGO program was already present in the area. PT P PROCEAN
  32. 32. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PR While this program is nearby the drought location, it is still outside PR the main area of P concentration. PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  33. 33. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PR Summary of common issues: PR Prevention programs are not in the mostP vulnerable locations (e.g. the drought location, the origin of the migration, or in PT PR locations where there is PT convergence of cross-border activity) a P Some prevention programs are in locations that have little need PT for these activities (relative to others) – sometimes based on P the convenience of an NGO being located there. There appears to be no connection or relationship between PR these programs.OCEAN
  34. 34. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PRWhat can be done to PR improve Pprevention PT PR programplacement? PT P PT P PROCEAN
  35. 35. RENO SOLUM TAGANPREVENTION P PR Move them. PR P PT PR PT P PT P PROCEAN
  36. 36. RENO SOLUMPREVENTION P TAGAN PR Move them. P PR PT PR PT P P PT PROCEAN
  37. 37. RENO SOLUM P TAGANPREVENTION PR Move them. P PR PT PR P PT P PT PROCEAN
  38. 38. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PR P PROSECUTION P PT PT PR P PT PROCEAN
  39. 39. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PRThere are four PR prosecution P sites on this PT P PR map. P PT PT PROCEAN
  40. 40. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PRThere are four prosecution P PR sites on this PR PT P map. P PT PT PROCEAN
  41. 41. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN Note that only one of thePROSECUTION PR prosecution activities fall in a location where the enslavement takes place. P PR PR PT P PT P PT PROCEAN
  42. 42. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PRThese other programs fall in locations where there may be traffickers, butthere is nothing to indicate P PR that they’re in priority PR PT locations. P PT P PT PROCEAN
  43. 43. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PRAgain, this could be because the implementingagency is located P PR in these sites PR PTinstead of based P on need. PT P PT PROCEAN
  44. 44. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR Since this location is near a viable cross- border site, it could P PR serve to be a useful location. PR PT P PT P PT PROCEAN
  45. 45. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR P PR But the two sites that have the most exploitation taking place are not being PR PT P PT P covered. PT PROCEAN
  46. 46. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR Summary of common issues: 1. Prosecution programs are not Pin the locations PR the where actual exploitationPT (slavery) is taking place P PR 2. Some prosecution programs are inPlocations that have little PT need for their services – sometimes based on the convenience of an PTNGO being located there. 3. There appears to be no connection or relationship between these programs. 4. Many counter-trafficking programs focus on the traffickers, not the enslavers. PROCEAN
  47. 47. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PRWhat can be done to improve P PRprosecution PR PT P program P PTplacement? PT PROCEAN
  48. 48. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR Move them. P PR PR PT P PT P PT PROCEAN
  49. 49. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR Move them. P PR PT P PR PT P PT PROCEAN
  50. 50. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROSECUTION PR Move them. P PR PT P PT P PR PT PROCEAN
  51. 51. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PR P P PROTECTION PT PT P PR PT PROCEAN
  52. 52. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PROTECTION PR There are PR three Pprotection sites PT P on this map. P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  53. 53. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PROTECTION PR There are PR three Pprotection sites PT P on this map. P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  54. 54. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR Note that all of the Note that all of the Note that all of the protection sites (shelters) protection sites (shelters) protection sites (shelters) PR P are in the same location. are in the same location. are in the same location. This is often the case. This is often the case. This is often the case. P PT P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  55. 55. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR InNoteabsence of the Note that all of the the that all other protection sitesin(shelters) protection sites (shelters) sites, those other PR P are in the are leftlocation. are in the same location. locations same without This is often the case. This is services. case. often the P PT P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  56. 56. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR Summary of common issues: PR P PT Protection Pprograms are often located in capital cities. P PR PT It is also not uncommon to find most of the protection programs located in only one place. PT But this limits the access of these services for those who are in need of them, in other locations. PROCEAN
  57. 57. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PRWhat can be done to PR improve Pprosecution PT P program Pplacement? PR PT PT PROCEAN
  58. 58. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR Move them. PR P P PT P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  59. 59. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR Move them. PT P PR P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  60. 60. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR Move them. PT PR P P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  61. 61. RENO P SOLUM TAGANPROTECTION PR PT Move them. PR P P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  62. 62. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PT PR P P PR P PT For programs to be successful, PT they need to PR be synchronized.OCEAN
  63. 63. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PT PR P P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  64. 64. RENO SOLUM P TAGAN PR PT P PR P P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  65. 65. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PT P P PR P P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  66. 66. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PT P P P PR P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  67. 67. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PT PPP PR P PR PT PT PROCEAN
  68. 68. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PT P PR PR PT PT PROCEAN
  69. 69. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PT The more that prevention activities can P be standardized and PR harmonized, the more consistency in the messaging and the PR more coverage. PT PT PROCEAN
  70. 70. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PRFor the national PT counter- trafficking program to be P PRsuccessful, all the elements must P also be PR P synchronized. PT PT PROCEAN
  71. 71. RENO SOLUM P TAGAN PR PT PR P P PR P PT PR PTOCEAN
  72. 72. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR PT P P PR PR P PT PR PTOCEAN
  73. 73. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR P PT P P PR PR PT P PR PTOCEAN
  74. 74. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR P PR PT P P P PR PT PR PTOCEAN
  75. 75. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PRPR PTP P P PRPR P PTOCEAN
  76. 76. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Combined ProgramOCEAN
  77. 77. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Combined ProgramOCEAN
  78. 78. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Combined Program But even this is not enough...OCEAN
  79. 79. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Guiding principles for a mature country program include… 1. A long-term vision is essential. 2. Based on the vision, an overall strategic framework should be developed, with representation from all partners. 3. Decisions should be made based on appropriate, empirical information. 4. With limited funding, prioritization is required. This needs to reflect the most important needs. 5. Funding levels should be multi-year and consistent over time -continuity.OCEAN
  80. 80. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Guiding principles for a mature country program include… 6. Data collection should focus on the data needed to understand the problem. 7. Joint capacity building initiatives should be relevant and cutting edge. 8. Monitoring should have a baseline and consistent, standardized indicators. 9. There should be an attempt to link programs together into partnerships. 10.Efforts should be made to share interventions (e.g. a prevention toolkit that includes interventions that are pooled).OCEAN
  81. 81. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PT PR P P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  82. 82. RENO P SOLUM TAGAN PR PTFor true impact to be achieved, there has to also be coordination between country programs. PR P P PR P PT PT PROCEAN
  83. 83. RENO P P SOLUM P TAGAN PR PT PR P P PP P P PR PT P PT PROCEAN
  84. 84. RENO P P SOLUM P TAGAN PR PT PR PR P P PP P P PR PT P PR PT PR PROCEAN
  85. 85. RENO SOLUM P TAGAN P PR P PT PR PR P P P P P P PR P PT PR PR PT PROCEAN
  86. 86. RENO SOLUM TAGAN P PR PR P P PT P PR P P PR P P P PT P PR PT PR PROCEAN
  87. 87. RENO SOLUM TAGAN PR PR P P PT P PR P P PT P P PT P P PR P PR PR PROCEAN
  88. 88. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Regional programOCEAN
  89. 89. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Regional programOCEAN
  90. 90. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Regional programOCEAN
  91. 91. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Regional programs • Allow source and destination sites to be linked (e.g. prevention, legal, protection, etc.) • Complement country program efforts • Allow comparisons to be made between countries • Improves sharing between and among countries • Allow regional impact to be assessed • Avoid “reinventing the wheel” • Allow for lessons to be learned/sharedOCEAN
  92. 92. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Hopefully this presentation has helped you appreciate the complexity (and inherent inefficiency) of counter trafficking programs.OCEAN
  93. 93. RENO SOLUM TAGAN Counter trafficking programs are only as good as the strategic planning that goes into them. To succeed, we must be able to out-innovate and out-collaborate our adversaries.OCEAN

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