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WHY WE HAVE ELECTIONS AND WHEN
• THE CONSTITUTION MANDATES A
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION EVERY
4YEARS
REQUIREMENTS TO BE PRESIDENT
• “NATURAL-BORN" U.S. CITIZENS - BORN IN
US
OR BORN TO US CITIZEN PARENTS
• 35 YEARS OLD
• LIVED IN USA FOR 14 YEARS
OUR CURRENT TWO PARTIES
• REPUBLICANS – CONSERVATIVE
• DEMOCRATS -PROGRESSIVE
https://youtu.be/j_k_k-bHigM - Youtube ”crash course” channel
ANNOUNCING CANDIDACY
• SEVERAL PEOPLE ANNOUNCE
DESIRE TO RUN
• SET UP THE BUSINESS OF A
CAMPAIGN
• CAMPAIGN COSTS CAN BE
SEVERAL MILLION DOLLARS
source fortune magazine -
http://ow.ly/tRFj308JSfX
RAISING MONEY AND SETUP CAMPAIGNS
• LOTS OF MONEY IS NEEDED TO RUN
ALL THE ELEMENTS OF A CAMPAIGN
• MEETINGS ARE HELD TO BUILD SUPPORT
• WORK TO BUILD SUPPORT IN THE PRIMARIES
PRIMARIES
• MOST STATES HAVE PRIMARIES
• CANDIDATES WANT PEOPLE IN THEIR PARTIES VOTE FOR THEM.
• THE CANDIDATES WITH MOST VOTES WINS A STATE
HOW THEY BUILD SUPPORT
• COMMERCIALS
• ROAD SIGNS
• BUTTONS
• RALLEYS
COMMERCIAL EXAMPLES
• HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/FBORRZNQTMO
• HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/9ID_R6PNSUS
• HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/2NWRIUH1CUG
• HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/MRX3QL31URA
• HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/CEOKJRKHPXG
WINNING THE NOMINATION
• THE CANDIDATE FROM EACH PARTY
THAT GETS THE MOST VOTES IN THE
PRIMARY WINS THEIR PARTY
NOMINATION
THE BIG CAMPAIGN
• CANDIDATES FROM BOTH PARTIES VISIT STATES
• CANDIDATES APPEAR ON NEWSSHOWS
• NATIONWIDE ADS ON TV
ADS
• ADS ON TV SPREAD A MESSAGE
• ADS ON THE RADIO ARE POPULAR AND
INEXPENSIVE
• MANY ADS PLAY IN BATTLEGROUND STATES
WHAT IS A BATTLEGROUND STATE?
• BATTLEGROUND STATES ARE
ONES THAT HAVE LOTS OF
VOTES BUT WHO CAN CHANGE
PARTIES FROM ELECTION TO
ELECTION.
• SHOWN IN BLUE
DEBATES
• MAJOR CANDIDATES MEET FOR
SEVERAL TELEVISED DEBATES
• IN SOME ELECTIONS, DEBATES MAKE
A HUGE DIFFERENCE
HTTP://OW.LY/1ZDK308K8C5
GET OUT THE VOTE DRIVES
• BOTH PARTIES TRY TO
REGISTER NEW VOTERS
TO BUILD SUPPORT FOR
THEIR CANDIDATE
• BIGGER CROWDS AT EVENTS ARE BETTER
POLLING
• POLLS ARE TAKEN TO MEASURE PUBLIC
OPINIONS OF CANDIDATES
• POLLS CAN DETERMINE WHERE
MORE MONEY IS SPENT ON ADS
TRY TO MAKE HEADLINES
• MAKING NEWS IS A GREAT WAY
FOR A CANDIDATE TO GET FREE
PUBLICITY
• TV NEWS AND SOCIAL MEDIA NEWS
REACHES THE MOST PEOPLE
ON ELECTION DAY
• CANDIDATES MAKE LAST MINUTE STOPS
TO ENCOURAGE SUPPORTERS TO VOTE.
• ELECTION DAY IS THE FIRST TUESDAY OF NOVEMBER
EVERY 4 YEARS.
VOTING FOR ELECTORS NOT CANDIDATES
• IN THE US ELECTION SYSTEM, PEOPLE ARE VOTING FOR ELECTORS WHO SUPPORT A CANDIDATE, NOT
REALLY THE CANDIDATE THEMSELVES.
• EVERY STATE GETS ELECTORAL VOTES BASED ON THE NUMBER OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES THEY
HAVE IN CONGRESS
ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTE
• THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE MEETS IN EACH STATE AFTER THE ELECTION AND DOES THE OFFICIAL VOTE FOR
THE NEW PRESIDENT IN DECEMBER AFTER THE ELECTION.
TRANSITION TIME
• EVEN THOUGH RESULTS AREN’T
OFFICIAL, RIGHT AFTER THE ELECTION
THE WINNER PICKS PEOPLE TO
FILL THEIR GOVERNMENT
• THEY NEED TO FILL THOUSANDS OF
JOBS WITH THEIR NEW
ADMINISTRATION
ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTE COUNT
• THE ELECTORAL VOTES ARE OFFICIALLY COUNTED BY CONGRESS ON JANUARY 3RD.
ONCE CERTIFIED, THE ELECTION RESULTS ARE OFFICIAL.
• IN THE EVENT OF A TIE, THE HOUSE PICKS THE PRESIDENT, THE SENATE PICKS THE VICE PRESIDENT.
INAUGURATION TIME
• THE NEW PRESIDENT IS SWORN IN AT 12
NOON
JANUARY 20TH AFTER THE ELECTION.
• THE US PRIDES ITSELF ON A PEACEFUL
TRANSITION OF POWER
FOUR YEARS
• THE NEW PRESIDENT IS IN CHARGE
OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH FOR 4
YEARS.
• A PRESIDENT CAN ONLY BE
REELECTED ONCE.
• IF A 1ST TERM PRESIDENT WANTS
TO BE PRESIDENT
AGAIN, THEY HAVE TO GO
THROUGH THE WHOLE
ELECTION PROCESS AGAIN.
CITATIONS
• IMAGES ON SLIDES 3, 7, 11, 15, 22, 24, 25 CREATED BY US GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES WHILE WORKING, PUBLIC DOMAIN. HTTPS://WWW.USA.GOV/GOVERNMENT-WORKS
• IMAGES ON SLIDES 2,13, 16, 17, 18, 19 LICENSED BY GRAPHICSTOCK.COM – SOME RIGHTS RESERVED
• IMAGE ON SLIDE 14 CREATED BY BRIAN TURNER BASED ON INFORMATION FROM WIKIPEDIA.COM
• IMAGE ON SLIDE 6 CREATED BY BRIAN TURNER BASED ON INFORMATION FROM FORBES
• IMAGE ON SLIDE 9 - SEE A BELOW
• IMAGE ON SLIDE 4 – SEE B BELOW
A
B

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How a Presidental Election Works

  • 1.
  • 2. WHY WE HAVE ELECTIONS AND WHEN • THE CONSTITUTION MANDATES A PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION EVERY 4YEARS
  • 3. REQUIREMENTS TO BE PRESIDENT • “NATURAL-BORN" U.S. CITIZENS - BORN IN US OR BORN TO US CITIZEN PARENTS • 35 YEARS OLD • LIVED IN USA FOR 14 YEARS
  • 4. OUR CURRENT TWO PARTIES • REPUBLICANS – CONSERVATIVE • DEMOCRATS -PROGRESSIVE
  • 5. https://youtu.be/j_k_k-bHigM - Youtube ”crash course” channel
  • 6. ANNOUNCING CANDIDACY • SEVERAL PEOPLE ANNOUNCE DESIRE TO RUN • SET UP THE BUSINESS OF A CAMPAIGN • CAMPAIGN COSTS CAN BE SEVERAL MILLION DOLLARS source fortune magazine - http://ow.ly/tRFj308JSfX
  • 7. RAISING MONEY AND SETUP CAMPAIGNS • LOTS OF MONEY IS NEEDED TO RUN ALL THE ELEMENTS OF A CAMPAIGN • MEETINGS ARE HELD TO BUILD SUPPORT • WORK TO BUILD SUPPORT IN THE PRIMARIES
  • 8. PRIMARIES • MOST STATES HAVE PRIMARIES • CANDIDATES WANT PEOPLE IN THEIR PARTIES VOTE FOR THEM. • THE CANDIDATES WITH MOST VOTES WINS A STATE
  • 9. HOW THEY BUILD SUPPORT • COMMERCIALS • ROAD SIGNS • BUTTONS • RALLEYS
  • 10. COMMERCIAL EXAMPLES • HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/FBORRZNQTMO • HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/9ID_R6PNSUS • HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/2NWRIUH1CUG • HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/MRX3QL31URA • HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/CEOKJRKHPXG
  • 11. WINNING THE NOMINATION • THE CANDIDATE FROM EACH PARTY THAT GETS THE MOST VOTES IN THE PRIMARY WINS THEIR PARTY NOMINATION
  • 12. THE BIG CAMPAIGN • CANDIDATES FROM BOTH PARTIES VISIT STATES • CANDIDATES APPEAR ON NEWSSHOWS • NATIONWIDE ADS ON TV
  • 13. ADS • ADS ON TV SPREAD A MESSAGE • ADS ON THE RADIO ARE POPULAR AND INEXPENSIVE • MANY ADS PLAY IN BATTLEGROUND STATES
  • 14. WHAT IS A BATTLEGROUND STATE? • BATTLEGROUND STATES ARE ONES THAT HAVE LOTS OF VOTES BUT WHO CAN CHANGE PARTIES FROM ELECTION TO ELECTION. • SHOWN IN BLUE
  • 15. DEBATES • MAJOR CANDIDATES MEET FOR SEVERAL TELEVISED DEBATES • IN SOME ELECTIONS, DEBATES MAKE A HUGE DIFFERENCE HTTP://OW.LY/1ZDK308K8C5
  • 16. GET OUT THE VOTE DRIVES • BOTH PARTIES TRY TO REGISTER NEW VOTERS TO BUILD SUPPORT FOR THEIR CANDIDATE • BIGGER CROWDS AT EVENTS ARE BETTER
  • 17. POLLING • POLLS ARE TAKEN TO MEASURE PUBLIC OPINIONS OF CANDIDATES • POLLS CAN DETERMINE WHERE MORE MONEY IS SPENT ON ADS
  • 18. TRY TO MAKE HEADLINES • MAKING NEWS IS A GREAT WAY FOR A CANDIDATE TO GET FREE PUBLICITY • TV NEWS AND SOCIAL MEDIA NEWS REACHES THE MOST PEOPLE
  • 19. ON ELECTION DAY • CANDIDATES MAKE LAST MINUTE STOPS TO ENCOURAGE SUPPORTERS TO VOTE. • ELECTION DAY IS THE FIRST TUESDAY OF NOVEMBER EVERY 4 YEARS.
  • 20. VOTING FOR ELECTORS NOT CANDIDATES • IN THE US ELECTION SYSTEM, PEOPLE ARE VOTING FOR ELECTORS WHO SUPPORT A CANDIDATE, NOT REALLY THE CANDIDATE THEMSELVES. • EVERY STATE GETS ELECTORAL VOTES BASED ON THE NUMBER OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES THEY HAVE IN CONGRESS
  • 21. ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTE • THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE MEETS IN EACH STATE AFTER THE ELECTION AND DOES THE OFFICIAL VOTE FOR THE NEW PRESIDENT IN DECEMBER AFTER THE ELECTION.
  • 22. TRANSITION TIME • EVEN THOUGH RESULTS AREN’T OFFICIAL, RIGHT AFTER THE ELECTION THE WINNER PICKS PEOPLE TO FILL THEIR GOVERNMENT • THEY NEED TO FILL THOUSANDS OF JOBS WITH THEIR NEW ADMINISTRATION
  • 23. ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTE COUNT • THE ELECTORAL VOTES ARE OFFICIALLY COUNTED BY CONGRESS ON JANUARY 3RD. ONCE CERTIFIED, THE ELECTION RESULTS ARE OFFICIAL. • IN THE EVENT OF A TIE, THE HOUSE PICKS THE PRESIDENT, THE SENATE PICKS THE VICE PRESIDENT.
  • 24. INAUGURATION TIME • THE NEW PRESIDENT IS SWORN IN AT 12 NOON JANUARY 20TH AFTER THE ELECTION. • THE US PRIDES ITSELF ON A PEACEFUL TRANSITION OF POWER
  • 25. FOUR YEARS • THE NEW PRESIDENT IS IN CHARGE OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH FOR 4 YEARS. • A PRESIDENT CAN ONLY BE REELECTED ONCE. • IF A 1ST TERM PRESIDENT WANTS TO BE PRESIDENT AGAIN, THEY HAVE TO GO THROUGH THE WHOLE ELECTION PROCESS AGAIN.
  • 26. CITATIONS • IMAGES ON SLIDES 3, 7, 11, 15, 22, 24, 25 CREATED BY US GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES WHILE WORKING, PUBLIC DOMAIN. HTTPS://WWW.USA.GOV/GOVERNMENT-WORKS • IMAGES ON SLIDES 2,13, 16, 17, 18, 19 LICENSED BY GRAPHICSTOCK.COM – SOME RIGHTS RESERVED • IMAGE ON SLIDE 14 CREATED BY BRIAN TURNER BASED ON INFORMATION FROM WIKIPEDIA.COM • IMAGE ON SLIDE 6 CREATED BY BRIAN TURNER BASED ON INFORMATION FROM FORBES • IMAGE ON SLIDE 9 - SEE A BELOW • IMAGE ON SLIDE 4 – SEE B BELOW A B