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Humayun and Sher Shah Suri

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Humayun and Sher Shah Suri

  1. 1. Humayun and Sher ShahHumayun and Sher Shah SuriSuri By: Group 2By: Group 2
  2. 2. HumayunHumayun  Nasiruddin Muhammad HumayunNasiruddin Muhammad Humayun was born on 17was born on 17thth March 1508 and was the eldest son of Babur.March 1508 and was the eldest son of Babur.  He became king on 26 December 1530 when he wasHe became king on 26 December 1530 when he was 22 years old when his father, Babur, passed away by22 years old when his father, Babur, passed away by illness.illness.  Humayun lacked the experience and the tough fiberHumayun lacked the experience and the tough fiber necessary to consolidate a new dynasty.necessary to consolidate a new dynasty.  Humayun's most noted achievement was in the sphereHumayun's most noted achievement was in the sphere of paintingof painting  Humayun constructed a citadel at Delhi named Din-Humayun constructed a citadel at Delhi named Din- Panah (Refuge of Religion), this structure is thoughtPanah (Refuge of Religion), this structure is thought to have been destroyed during the reign of Sherto have been destroyed during the reign of Sher Shah Suri.Shah Suri.
  3. 3. Battle of ChausaBattle of Chausa  Sher Shah met Humayun in battle on the banks of theSher Shah met Humayun in battle on the banks of the Ganges, near Benares, in Chausa on 1539 AD.Ganges, near Benares, in Chausa on 1539 AD.  This was to become an entrenched battle in which bothThis was to become an entrenched battle in which both sides spent a lot of time digging themselves into positionssides spent a lot of time digging themselves into positions  After the army of Humayun had made its charge and SherAfter the army of Humayun had made its charge and Sher Shah's troops made their agreed-upon retreat, the MughalShah's troops made their agreed-upon retreat, the Mughal troops relaxed their defensive preparations and returnedtroops relaxed their defensive preparations and returned to their entrenchments without posting a proper guard.to their entrenchments without posting a proper guard. Observing the Mughals' mistake, Sher Shah reneged on hisObserving the Mughals' mistake, Sher Shah reneged on his earlier agreement.earlier agreement.  That very night, his army approached the Mughal camp andThat very night, his army approached the Mughal camp and finding the Mughal troops unprepared with a majorityfinding the Mughal troops unprepared with a majority asleep, they advanced and killed most of them.asleep, they advanced and killed most of them.  The Emperor survived by swimming the Ganges using an airThe Emperor survived by swimming the Ganges using an air filled "water skin," and quietly returned to Agra.filled "water skin," and quietly returned to Agra.
  4. 4. Humayun is exileHumayun is exile  The Mughal domain came under the control of one of those nobles,The Mughal domain came under the control of one of those nobles, Farid Khan Suri, who assumed the regional name of Sher Shah Suri.Farid Khan Suri, who assumed the regional name of Sher Shah Suri.  Humayun would spend the next 15 years in exile in Sind, Iran, and thenHumayun would spend the next 15 years in exile in Sind, Iran, and then Afghanistan.Afghanistan.  During this exile, Humayun's Persian wife, Hamida Begum, a native ofDuring this exile, Humayun's Persian wife, Hamida Begum, a native of Turbat-I Shaykh Jam in Khurasan, gave birth to the future emperorTurbat-I Shaykh Jam in Khurasan, gave birth to the future emperor Akbar.Akbar.  After Sher Shah's death on 1545 AD, the kingdom survived for aboutAfter Sher Shah's death on 1545 AD, the kingdom survived for about nine years in the hands of his son, Islam Shah. But Islam Shah'snine years in the hands of his son, Islam Shah. But Islam Shah's unconciliatory nature alienated many Afghan chieftains. Eventually, theunconciliatory nature alienated many Afghan chieftains. Eventually, the squabbling for succession among Sher Shah's followers allowedsquabbling for succession among Sher Shah's followers allowed Humayun and the Mughals to return to power in 1555Humayun and the Mughals to return to power in 1555  Iran's Shah Tahmasb (1524-76) had provided Humayun with theIran's Shah Tahmasb (1524-76) had provided Humayun with the necessary troops to recapture Kandahar and then Kabul.necessary troops to recapture Kandahar and then Kabul.  Unfortunately, less than a year after regaining power, Humayun diedUnfortunately, less than a year after regaining power, Humayun died unexpectedly at the age of 48 when he fell down the steps of hisunexpectedly at the age of 48 when he fell down the steps of his library with a handful of books while in his haste to obey the muezzin’slibrary with a handful of books while in his haste to obey the muezzin’s call to prayer on 27 January 1556call to prayer on 27 January 1556
  5. 5. Sher ShahSher Shah  Sher Shah SuriSher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan and took the name Sherwas born as Farid Khan and took the name Sher Khan (the Lion King).Khan (the Lion King).  Sher Shah was a brilliant strategist and proved himself as aSher Shah was a brilliant strategist and proved himself as a gifted administrator and an able commander.gifted administrator and an able commander.  He built the Grand Trunk Road (Sadak-i-Azam), and a network ofHe built the Grand Trunk Road (Sadak-i-Azam), and a network of caravanserais (inns) for travellers. He also planted trees and dugcaravanserais (inns) for travellers. He also planted trees and dug wells.wells.  Sher Shah introduced a silver coin rupee calledSher Shah introduced a silver coin rupee called rupiyarupiya, as a, as a standard mode of exchangestandard mode of exchange  His government also minted gold coins calledHis government also minted gold coins called mohurmohur and copperand copper coins calledcoins called damdam..  Sher Shah Suri died from a gunpowder explosion during theSher Shah Suri died from a gunpowder explosion during the siege of Kalinjar fort on May 22, 1545 fighting against thesiege of Kalinjar fort on May 22, 1545 fighting against the Chandel RajputsChandel Rajputs
  6. 6. Some FactsSome Facts Humayun was portrayed in the biography "Humāyūn-nāma"Humayun was portrayed in the biography "Humāyūn-nāma" written by his sister Gulbadan Begum.written by his sister Gulbadan Begum. Humayun’s tomb was commissioned by Humayun's wife, HamidaHumayun’s tomb was commissioned by Humayun's wife, Hamida Banu Begum, in 1562 CE.Banu Begum, in 1562 CE. Humayun’s tomb was built by a Persian architect named MirakHumayun’s tomb was built by a Persian architect named Mirak Mirza Ghiyuath.Mirza Ghiyuath. It took eight years and Rs 1.5 million to build Humayun's Tomb,It took eight years and Rs 1.5 million to build Humayun's Tomb, which is located in the center of a geometrically arrangedwhich is located in the center of a geometrically arranged garden, crisscrossed by a network of water channels andgarden, crisscrossed by a network of water channels and fountains.fountains. Sher Shah was famously remembered for killing a fully-grownSher Shah was famously remembered for killing a fully-grown tiger with his bare hands in the Indian jungletiger with his bare hands in the Indian jungle
  7. 7. Sher Shah’s EmpireSher Shah’s Empire
  8. 8. This is the history of Humayun & Sher Shah Suri THANK YOU THE END

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