How personal responsibility_will_increase_your_salary


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How personal responsibility_will_increase_your_salary

  1. 1. By:Lindsey Collins-Thomson Vivian Kleijnjans
  2. 2. Cost of College Four year colleges cost between $80,000 and $100,000 Average Debt of college student is more than $20,000 from credit cards and student loans IS GOING TO COLLEGE REALLY WORTH IT?
  3. 3. Importance of Staying in School The farther people go in school, the higher their lifetime incomes will be For each dollar a high school graduate earns, a high school dropout only earns 75 cents A bachelors degree can nearly double income Any advanced degree, person is likely to have 4 times the income of a high school dropout A person with a higher education can see a pay increase of anywhere from 10-300%.
  4. 4. Average Income Based on Education Level
  5. 5. Jobs that Require a College Degree2 Year Associates Degree 4 Year Bachelors Degree Aircraft Technicians  Accountants Computer support specialists  Engineers Paralegals  Federal Agents Pharmacy Technicians  Graphic Designers Preschool Teachers  Insurance Agents Lodging Managers  Physician Assistants Dental Hygienists  Teachers Registered Nurses  Journalists Science Technicians  Construction Managers
  6. 6. Paying Off Student Loans If you have finished school with some student loans, you will need to pay them off. With increasingly rising cost of education, you may owe a formidable amount of money in student loans. You need to develop a good plan to pay them off. Heres how.
  7. 7. Steps To Paying Off Student Loans Figure out whom you owe and how much you owe Consider loan forgiveness options Learn about various loan repayment options Make a budget Find a good paying job, and find ways to increase income Learn about ways to defer your payment, if needed.
  8. 8. Figure out whom you owe andhow much you owe What type of loans have you taken out How much do you owe in sum Who to make payments out to
  9. 9. Consider loan forgiveness options AmeriCorps is a U.S. federal government program on civic education, education, and public service. If you are willing to commit a year volunteering for Americorps, you get $4,725 to pay off your college debts Peace Corps is an American volunteer program run by the United States Government offering working for twenty-seven months period on work related to international development, such as education, business, information technology, agriculture, and the environment. If you travel with the Peace Corps, you will get to defer most of your student loans until after you leave the program, may get some of your loans reduced by as much as 70% Military Service -If you join the Army Reserve or the National Guard after graduation, you can receive up to $20,000 to pay off your loans. If you are willing to accept additional risk, ask to be stationed in areas of hostility to get even more money.
  10. 10. Learn about various loan repayment options  Pay in full If you have the money, you can choose to pay back all you owe at once, without owing any more interest.  Standard Payment You make monthly payments to pay back your loans with interest within 10 years.  Graduated Payment This is a viable option if you get out of college expecting to make a modest but steadily increasing wage.  Income-Based Payment You may choose to make your monthly payment bill proportional to the amount you currently make and get up to 15 years to pay it off.  Long-Term Payment You pay back your loans plus interest in 30 years with monthly payment.
  11. 11. Make a budget Track all of your income and spending for at least one to two months. Look back at your past spending, and figure out ways to trim spending and save more money.
  12. 12. Find a good paying job Computer Engineering Average starting salary: $60,879 Computer Science Average starting salary: $61,205 Mining & Mineral Engineering Average starting salary: $64,552 Chemical Engineering Average starting salary: $65,142 Petroleum Engineering Average starting salary: $86,220
  13. 13. Learn about ways to defer your payment The longer you take to repay loans, the more interest you have to pay Options:  Deferment -You can negotiate with your creditors to give you a period of time during which you do not have to pay, but will allow interest to continue to accrue, if your loan is unsubsidized. You can defer your loans automatically if you go back to graduate school.  Consolidation - can combine loans into one big loan, and take longer to pay it off, with more interest to pay, of course  Forbearance - negotiate with your creditor a three-month period during which you do not pay, provided you document a circumstance of hardship.
  14. 14. Tips For Acquiring College Loans When borrowing for college, opt for government- guaranteed student loans before you turn to private loans. Because private loans arent guaranteed by the government, interest rates and fees are usually higher than for federal Stafford loans. A 2003 study by the Public Interest Research Group of students with private loans found that nearly 24% didnt take out any Stafford loans, and 26% borrowed less than the maximum allowed.
  15. 15. Conclusions About Higher Education Paying for college is easier than it seems.  Can get government grants, scholarships, and loans Loans can be paid off relatively quickly with a good paying job.  With higher education income will increase 10-300%. Loans can be paid off through volunteer services  Military, Teach in low income schools, Social work, Peace Corps, etc… Nowadays many careers require at least an Associates degree.
  16. 16. Money Management They say if a 25 year old puts in $2.00 a day into a savings account ($60.00 a month), buy the time he reaches 65 he’ll have a million dollars. Most college students have credit cards Most college students carry a job and earn a paycheck Most college students have a checkbook Most don’t know how to manage any of it
  17. 17. College Students and Credit Cards Credit card applications appear everywhere More than half of freshman entering college have a credit card By sophomore year 92% will have a credit card 40% of students who use credit cards to finance college have debts of over $5,000
  18. 18. Advanced Degrees and Credit Cards Typical graduate student will owe $32,500 Professional student will owe $42,000 40% of these students will owe over $6,000 in credit card balances
  19. 19. Minimum Payments Balance of $2,500 It will take 20 years to pay off making minimum payment Additional $3,365 in interest charges Why pay more than double of what you originally paid?
  20. 20. Managing Credit Card Debt Consider using a debit card instead of a credit card. Money is deducted directly from your checking account, so you cant spend more than you actually have. Read all application materials carefully — especially the fine print. What happens after the "teaser rate" expires? What happens to your interest rate if youre late with a payment or fail to make a payment? Whats the interest rate for a cash advance? Pay bills promptly to keep finance and other charges to a minimum; pay the balance off if you can. Use credit only if youre certain you are able to repay the debt. Avoid impulse shopping on your credit card. Save your credit card for a money emergency.
  21. 21. Getting Out of Debt Spend less than you earn. When debt is closed out, put 60% in savings and enjoy the remain 40%. Take stock of all your liabilities, so you know exactly how much you owe to the world. Put them in a spreadsheet, with monthly payments, interest amounts, balances, and a running grand total of all your balances. Update it monthly as you pay off debt, and watch the overall amount go down slowly. It’s very motivational. Have only one credit card with a low limit, and only one loan with monthly payment not exceeding 25% of income. Build up an emergency fund first. If you come into extra money (tax returns, etc.), use it to build an emergency fund and pay off debt after that. Cut up your credit cards. Stop using credit cards to make it to the next paycheck. Stop getting further into debt. Don’t overpay your debts — leave enough so you have enough for regular expenses too. Avoid eating out. Cook your own meals, except on very special occasions Look for expenses coming up in the future and plan for them, so you don’t have to go into debt when they come up. Make a budget – Purpose every dollar
  22. 22. Tips on Money Management Track your spending. Keep weekly and monthly totals to prevent overspending. Develop a realistic budget and stick to it! Instead of buying an item, think of alternate ways of getting it, like borrowing or sharing. If necessary, go on a spending or credit "diet." Have a "spend nothing week." Shop with a list. It will help you avoid impulse spending. Think twice before buying. Ask yourself, "Do I really need this?" Pay more than the minimum on credit-card payments. Youll pay off the balance faster and save more by paying less in interest. Pay bills on time to avoid late charges and a negative credit report. Plan to save. You should have at least three months of your living expenses in reserve.
  23. 23. Balancing a Checkbook Divide your paperwork proof into deposit piles and withdrawal piles. Write your bank balance on line 1. Compare all of your deposits against the bank statement. Record any deposits that are still in transit and have not yet been processed. Write this on line 2. Compare the total withdrawals against the bank statement. Record any "outstanding" unprocessed checks that are still in transit and have not yet cleared with the bank. Write this on line 3. Add lines 1-3 to find out your total checking account balance. It may be different from the bank statement because the bank might not have processed all transactions. The final number will be your adjusted bank balance. Write this on line 4. Check to see if you were charged any bank fees, and subtract this from the bank balance. Add any incurred interest to the balance. Finally, check to see if all transfers that you made have been processed. Add or subtract this amount from the adjusted balance, and you will have your ending bank balance on line 5.
  24. 24. Conclusions On Debt, Money, and Saving Most college students have some sort of debt Personal Responsibility is key in staying out of debt and saving money Learn to manage money appropriately Have only one credit card Manage checkbook regularly Make more than minimum payment on credit card Budget yourself when needed
  25. 25. References eckbook.htm student-debt-2525_n_1073335.html lery/highpayingpostgradjobs082010/ s_careers/232.html