Causes of the American
Revolution
Ch 4, Sec 3
French and Indian War
• France’s GOAL: Control
Fur trade
• Great Britain’s GOAL:
3G’S
– Wealth
– Spread Christianity
– Glo...
Fate of New France
• France won early victories
• Later, Britain
overpowered France
• Treaty of Paris signed
ending confli...
Pontiac’s War
• After French and Indian
war
– Colonist headed West
push Natives off land

• Clashes with Natives
– Indian ...
Proclamation of 1763
• Colonists couldn’t settle
past Proclamation line
– Appalachian Mts.

• Britain wanted to protect
co...
Britain Imposed New Taxes
• Britain in debt after
wars
• Increase taxes for
citizens of Britain
• Grenville, Prime
Ministe...
Sugar Act
• Approved by Parliament
– Tax on molasses, sugar,
etc.
– Used for making RUM
(profitable)

• Merchants avoided ...
Stamp Act
• New tax on legal
documents such
as:
– Wills
– Diplomas
– Newspapers,
etc.
• All items needed a
stamp showing t...
“No Taxation W/O Representation”
• Ideas of
representation was
rooted back to Magna
Carta
• Colonists okay with
tax if pas...
Peaceful Protest
• Crisis united colonists
• Delegates from colonists
met in NYC
– Known as Stamp Act
Congress
– Drew Up a...
Colonial Boycott
• Colonists boycotted
British goods
• Hurt British economy
and merchants
• Parliament repealed
Stamp Act
Townshend Acts
• Parliament passed the
Townshend Acts
• Tax on
–
–
–
–
–

Glass
Paper
Paint
Lead
Tea

• Colonists objected...
Writs of Assistance
• Custom officials tried
to stop smuggling
• Legal documents
called, “Writs of
assistance”, allowed
of...
Colonial Protest Widen
• Colonists stopped
importing goods from
Britain
• Sons of Liberty
– Staged mock hangings
• Daughte...
Quartering Act
• Colonists had to
provide:
–Housing
–Candles
–Bedding
–Beverages to
soldiers in the
colonies
A Bloody Night, Boston Massacre
• At Boston Customs
house
– Colonists shouted
insults “Lobsterbacks”
– Throw snowballs,
sh...
Committee of Correspondence
• Samuel Adams
started a letter
writing campaign
called Committee
of Correspondence.
• Tool to...
Temporary Calm
• Parliament
repealed:
– Townshend
Acts
– Quartering
Act

• Tax on Tea
remained
Dispute Over Tea
• Tea was a popular drink
• Parliament passes the Tea
Act
• Colonists bought most of
their tea from Briti...
Tea Act Passed
• British East India Co.
– Act Let Company
bypass colonist tea
merchants
– Sold directly to
colonists
– Cos...
A New Boycott
• Daughters of Liberty
– Served coffee and
“Liberty Tea”
• Sons of Liberty
– Kept British East
India Co from...
Boston Tea Party
• Three ships entered
Boston Harbor
• Sons of Liberty
– Requested from Governor:
• Ship leaves the harbor...
Parliament Strikes Back with
Intolerable Acts
• British outraged by
colonists’ behavior
• Intolerable Act (4 Parts)
– Shut...
Other Colonies Support Boston
• Committee of
Correspondence
– Spread news about
Boston
– Colonies responded
with food to h...
First Continental Congress
• Delegates from 12
colonies met
– Known as 1st
Continental
Congress
• Agreed to boycott and
st...
Lexington and Concord
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Causes of revolutionary war 1

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Causes of revolutionary war 1

  1. 1. Causes of the American Revolution Ch 4, Sec 3
  2. 2. French and Indian War • France’s GOAL: Control Fur trade • Great Britain’s GOAL: 3G’S – Wealth – Spread Christianity – Glory of Power and Wealth in New World
  3. 3. Fate of New France • France won early victories • Later, Britain overpowered France • Treaty of Paris signed ending conflict • Britain gained Canada and land east of Miss. River
  4. 4. Pontiac’s War • After French and Indian war – Colonist headed West push Natives off land • Clashes with Natives – Indian leader: Pontiac – Attacked Ohio Country – British lost some land • Britain and Colonists fought back together
  5. 5. Proclamation of 1763 • Colonists couldn’t settle past Proclamation line – Appalachian Mts. • Britain wanted to protect colonists • British troops sent to colonies – Colonists had to pay for British troops – Ignored proclamation
  6. 6. Britain Imposed New Taxes • Britain in debt after wars • Increase taxes for citizens of Britain • Grenville, Prime Minister – Expected colonists to pay sm. tax too
  7. 7. Sugar Act • Approved by Parliament – Tax on molasses, sugar, etc. – Used for making RUM (profitable) • Merchants avoided tax by smuggling molasses into colonies • British officials bringing smugglers to trial
  8. 8. Stamp Act • New tax on legal documents such as: – Wills – Diplomas – Newspapers, etc. • All items needed a stamp showing tax was paid
  9. 9. “No Taxation W/O Representation” • Ideas of representation was rooted back to Magna Carta • Colonists okay with tax if passed by their own legislature. – Unacceptable without representation
  10. 10. Peaceful Protest • Crisis united colonists • Delegates from colonists met in NYC – Known as Stamp Act Congress – Drew Up a petition – Rejected Stamp Act • Parliament not interested in petition
  11. 11. Colonial Boycott • Colonists boycotted British goods • Hurt British economy and merchants • Parliament repealed Stamp Act
  12. 12. Townshend Acts • Parliament passed the Townshend Acts • Tax on – – – – – Glass Paper Paint Lead Tea • Colonists objected to tax w/o their consent
  13. 13. Writs of Assistance • Custom officials tried to stop smuggling • Legal documents called, “Writs of assistance”, allowed officials to inspect ships, homes etc. w/o reason
  14. 14. Colonial Protest Widen • Colonists stopped importing goods from Britain • Sons of Liberty – Staged mock hangings • Daughters of Liberty – Boycotted British cloth
  15. 15. Quartering Act • Colonists had to provide: –Housing –Candles –Bedding –Beverages to soldiers in the colonies
  16. 16. A Bloody Night, Boston Massacre • At Boston Customs house – Colonists shouted insults “Lobsterbacks” – Throw snowballs, shells, etc. • British soldiers fired into crowd • 5 colonists died
  17. 17. Committee of Correspondence • Samuel Adams started a letter writing campaign called Committee of Correspondence. • Tool to protest and communicate with other colonies.
  18. 18. Temporary Calm • Parliament repealed: – Townshend Acts – Quartering Act • Tax on Tea remained
  19. 19. Dispute Over Tea • Tea was a popular drink • Parliament passes the Tea Act • Colonists bought most of their tea from British East India Co. – BUT…Colonists Resented Act – Refused to buy British Tea – Tea in Britain not getting sold
  20. 20. Tea Act Passed • British East India Co. – Act Let Company bypass colonist tea merchants – Sold directly to colonists – Cost less • Colonial Merchants angry – Act violated Free enterprise
  21. 21. A New Boycott • Daughters of Liberty – Served coffee and “Liberty Tea” • Sons of Liberty – Kept British East India Co from unloading tea in harbor
  22. 22. Boston Tea Party • Three ships entered Boston Harbor • Sons of Liberty – Requested from Governor: • Ship leaves the harbor • He refused – Colonists disguised as Mohawks – Boarded ship – Dumped 342 chests of tea in harbor
  23. 23. Parliament Strikes Back with Intolerable Acts • British outraged by colonists’ behavior • Intolerable Act (4 Parts) – Shut down Boston Harbor – Forbid Town meetings – Custom Officials will be tried in Britain – Quartering Act stronger
  24. 24. Other Colonies Support Boston • Committee of Correspondence – Spread news about Boston – Colonies responded with food to help – Set day of Shame of the Intolerable Acts.
  25. 25. First Continental Congress • Delegates from 12 colonies met – Known as 1st Continental Congress • Agreed to boycott and stop exporting goods to Britain • Each colony would create a Militia (army of citizens)
  26. 26. Lexington and Concord

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