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The retraction


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The retraction

  1. 1. Rizal’s Death
  2. 2. Summary• July 31 – left Dapitan• August 6 – arrived in Manila• September 3 – left Manila for Spain• September 7 – stopped over in Singapore• September 30 – left for Spain• October 3 – ship arrived in Barcelona
  3. 3. Summary• October 6 – jailed at Montjuich Castle; 8:00 p.m. sailed for Manila• November 3 – arrived in Manila• November 20 – preliminary investigation began
  4. 4. Evidences• Documentary• Testimonial
  5. 5. Personalities• Judge Advocate Gen Francisco Olive• Gov. Ramon Blanco• Capt. Rafael Dominguez• Don Nicolas dela Pena
  6. 6. Dela Pena’sRecommendation• Rizal be immediately brought to trial• Be kept in prison• An order of attachment be issued against his properties, with PhP1M indemnity• Be defended by an army officer
  7. 7. Personalities• Gov. Gen. Camilo Polavieja• Don Luis Taviel de Andrade
  8. 8. Summary• December 8 – chose his defender• December 11 – presented with charges• December 13 – charges were referred to Gov. Gen. Polavieja
  9. 9. Charges• Rebellion• Sedition• Illegal association
  10. 10. Rizal’s Manifesto• December 15• appeal - stop the unnecessary shedding of blood• education and industry = key to liberty• Judge Advocate Gen. Nicolas dela Pena recommended to Gov. Polavieja to suppress the Manifesto
  11. 11. Letter to BlumentrittMy Dear Brother: When you receive this letter I shall bedead. Tomorrow at seven I shall be shot, but Iam innocent of the crime of rebellion. I am going to die with a clear conscience. Goodbye, my best, my dearest friend andnever think ill of me.Fort Santiago, December 29, 1896 Jose Rizal
  12. 12. Summary• December 25 – sent a letter to Andrade• December 26 – trial began
  13. 13. The trial• Cuartel del Espana• Members of the military court • Lt. Colonel Jose Togores Arjona • Capt. Ricardop Munoz Arias • Capt. Manuel Reguera • Capt. Santiago Izquierdo Osorio • Capt. Braulio Rodriguez Nunez • Capt. Manuel Diaz Escribano • Capt. Fernando Perez Rodriguez
  14. 14. The trial• Defense Counsel - Lt. Taviel de Andrade• Judge Advocate - Capt. Rafael Dominguez• Prosecuting Attorney – Lt. Enrique de Alcocer• Spectators
  15. 15. Letter to his father• December 30, 6:00 a.m Pardon me for the pain with which Irepay you for your sorrow and sacrifices formy education. I did not want this nor didprefer it.Goodbye, Father, goodbye… Jose Rizal
  16. 16. The Retraction• December 29, 11:30 p.m• Witnesses • Juan del Presno, Chief of the Guard Detail • Eloy Moure, Adjutant of the Plaza
  17. 17. The RetractionI declare myself a catholic and in this Religion in which Iwas born and educated I wish to live and die.I retract with all my heart whatever in my words,writings, publications and conduct has been contrary tomy character as son of the Catholic Church. I believe andI confess whatever she teaches and I submit to whatevershe demands. I abominate Masonry, as the enemy whichis of the Church, and as a Society prohibited by theChurch. The Diocesan Prelate may, as the SuperiorEcclesiastical Authority, make public this spontaneousmanifestation of mine in order to repair the scandalwhich my acts may have caused and so that God andpeople may pardon me.
  18. 18. The Retraction• Four copies • December 30. 1896 • La Voz Espanola • Diario de Manila • February 14, 1897 • La Juventud (Barcelona, Spain) • May 1935 • Fr. Balaguer’s text