Precolonial literature


Published on

Lecture @ 2 for phil lit class

Precolonial literature

  1. 1. The Philippine Pre-colonial Literature<br />
  2. 2. Literary Development<br /><ul><li>geography
  3. 3. experiences
  4. 4. aesthetic ideals
  5. 5. physical environment, social and economic organization of the people
  6. 6. nationalism</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  7. 7. Philippine Ancient Literature<br /><ul><li>the literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who once inhabited our archipelago
  8. 8. a literature of varying human interest</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  9. 9. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>extension of Southeast Asian cultures
  10. 10. product of formative age
  11. 11. close to the religious and political organizations of the ancient Filipinos
  12. 12. ancient Filipino verses were addressed to the ears rather than the to the eyes</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  13. 13. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>verses composed and sung were regarded as group property
  14. 14. versification
  15. 15. octosyllabic – legendary and religious poems
  16. 16. dodecasyllabic - romance</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  17. 17. Terms to Remember<br /><ul><li>Verse – a single line of a poem
  18. 18. Rhyme – the similarity of sounds (accented vowels and all succeeding sounds), usually at the end of the lines
  19. 19. Rhyme scheme – the pattern of end rhyme in a poem</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  20. 20. Terms to Remember<br /><ul><li>Rhythm – the cadence of poetic lines or prose passages, often denoting the regular, patterned recurrence of strong and weak elements
  21. 21. unifies a literary work, to emphasize ideas, to create mood, to reinforce content, and to heighten emotional response</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  22. 22. Terms to Remember<br /><ul><li>Meter – the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry
  23. 23. Stanza – a group of lines that form a unit of poetry
  24. 24. couplet
  25. 25. tercet
  26. 26. quatrain</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  27. 27. Terms to Remember<br /><ul><li>Metaphor - A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  28. 28. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>Dalawangbalon, </li></ul> Hindi malingon.<br /><ul><li>Sa araw ay bungbong,</li></ul> Sa gabi ay dahon.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  29. 29. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>‘Sang dalagangmarikit, </li></ul>Nakauposatinik.<br /><ul><li> Kung bayaa’ynabubuhay,</li></ul> Kung himasi’ynamamatay.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  30. 30. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />RIDDLE<br /><ul><li>made up of one or more measured lines with rhyme and may consist of 4 to 12 syllables
  31. 31. showcases the Filipino wit, literary talent and keen observation of the surroundings</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  32. 32. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />RIDDLE<br /><ul><li>involves references to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of an unknown object that is to be guessed</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  33. 33. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>Kung sino’ngpumutak, </li></ul> ay siyangnanganak.<br /><ul><li> Kung di ukol</li></ul> Di bubukol.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  34. 34. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />EPIGRAMS / MAXIMS / PROVERBS (SALAWIKAIN & SAWIKAIN)<br /><ul><li>short poems that have been customarily used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by our ancestors
  35. 35. allegories or parables that impart lessons for the young</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  36. 36. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />EPIGRAMS / MAXIMS / PROVERBS (SALAWIKAIN & SAWIKAIN)<br /><ul><li> often expressing a single idea, that is usually satirical and has a witty ending
  37. 37. Maxims - rhyming couplets (5,6,8 syllables)</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  38. 38. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>Ikawangnagnanakawngbigasko</li></ul>Lumuwasanaangmgamatamo<br />Mamagasanaangkatawanmo<br />Patayinkangmgaanito.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  39. 39. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />CHANTS (BULONG)<br /><ul><li>used in witchcraft and/or enchantment</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  40. 40. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>Sa hinaba-habangprusisyon</li></ul> Sa simbahan din palaangtuloy.<br /><ul><li>Helehele</li></ul>bagokyeme.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  41. 41. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />SAYINGS (KASABIHAN)<br /><ul><li>used in teasing or to comment on a person‘ actuations</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  42. 42. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>"Catitibaycatolossacalingdatnangagos!aco’Imomontinglomotsaiyo’Ipopolopot."</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  43. 43. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>"KatitibaykaTulosSakalingdatnangagos!Ako'ymumuntinglumotsaiyo'ypupulupot."</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  44. 44. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br /><ul><li>Nag-almusal mag-isa, Kaninglamig, tinapa; Nahulogangkutsara... Ikawnasana, Sinta. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  45. 45. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />TANAGA<br /><ul><li>a quatrain with seven syllables each with the same rhyme at the end of each line
  46. 46. no title</li></ul> 7-7-7-7<br /> AABB<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  47. 47. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />MODERN TANAGA<br /><ul><li>7-7-7-7
  48. 48. AABB, ABAB, ABBA
  49. 49. AAAB, BAAA, or ABCD
  50. 50. title - optional</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  51. 51. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />GAYUMA<br />Tahakngtingin, tulakngsulyap, yakap, lapatngtitigsabalikat,hatakpa, kindat, hatak.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  52. 52. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />bishopsa sermon umalulongngdasal at orasyonnangwalangsumang-ayonnaghamongmagpakulong!<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  53. 53. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />Ako mana manrigsan<br />sa maypanayopinggan<br /> sa may tupas balian<br /> ako udnakarigsan<br />tinambongbahayawan<br />sinag-ulibatangan.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  54. 54. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />I wouldlike to take a bath, <br /> scoop water with a plate, <br />wash the hairwithlemonjuice; <br /> but i could not take a bath, <br />because the river isdammed<br />with a lot of sturdytrunks.<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  55. 55. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />AMBAHAN<br />traditional poetry of the HanunooMangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the SuratMangyan .<br />Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  56. 56. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />AMBAHAN<br /><ul><li>seven-syllable metric lines
  57. 57. can be composed of more than four lines</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  58. 58. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />AMBAHAN<br /><ul><li>usually chanted
  59. 59. teaches lessons about life
  60. 60. recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  61. 61. Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />AMBAHAN<br /><ul><li>on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  62. 62. Ancient Filipino Folktales<br />MYTH<br /><ul><li>a tale that involves the gods of old.
  63. 63. deals with a conflict among the gods themselves, or ways in which the gods would reveal themselves as unique characters unto the lowly creatures of the Earth, including man. Legends of creation usually involve spirits or gods, or just an omnipotent God. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  64. 64. Ancient Filipino Tales<br />MYTH<br /> Religious stories that explain how the world and humanity developed into their present form. <br /><ul><li> Considered to be true among the people who developed them.
  65. 65. Describes the creation of the earth. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  66. 66. Ancient Filipino Folktales<br />MYTH<br /><ul><li> Legends of creation usually involve spirits or gods, or just an omnipotent God. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  67. 67. Ancient Filipino Tales<br />LEGEND<br /><ul><li>involves a miracle or curse invoked in the name of, or by the hand of, a Higher Power</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  68. 68. Ancient Filipino Tales<br />FABLE<br /><ul><li>short narrative that revolves around particular moral lessons.
  69. 69. Animals are the heroes in most fables. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  70. 70. Ancient Filipino Tales<br />FABLE<br /><ul><li>They are made to stand for certain traits of the human race, and to teach the ways of the world through vivid characterization and lively interaction.</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  71. 71. Ancient Filipino Tales<br />FABLE<br /><ul><li>short narrative that revolves around particular moral lessons.
  72. 72. Animals are the heroes in most fables. </li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  73. 73. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />EPIC<br /><ul><li> long narrative poems in which a series of heroic achievements or events
  74. 74. heroic deeds of divine beings and people in war or travel
  75. 75. varied, exotic, magical</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  76. 76. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />EPIC<br /><ul><li> ethno-epic
  77. 77. sung or chanted during harvests, weddings, or funerals</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  78. 78. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />Five Common characteristics<br /><ul><li> designated names
  79. 79. episodic
  80. 80. abound with supernatural character
  81. 81. reflective of the society where they originate
  82. 82. with several versions</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  83. 83. Ancient Metrical Tales<br /><ul><li>Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon
  84. 84. Ilocos – Biagni Lam-ang
  85. 85. Bicol - Ibalon
  86. 86. Mindanao – Darangan
  87. 87. Panay – Hinilawod
  88. 88. Bagobo - Tuwaang</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  89. 89. Ancient Metrical Tales<br /><ul><li>Kalinga – Ulaliim
  90. 90. Manobo – Agyu or Olahing
  91. 91. Subanon - Sandayo</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  92. 92. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />Aliguyon<br /><ul><li> the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  93. 93. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />Biagni Lam-Ang<br /><ul><li> tells of the adventuresvof Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  94. 94. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />Ibalon<br /><ul><li> the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  95. 95. Ancient Metrical Tales<br />Hinilawod<br /><ul><li> oldest and longest epic poem in Panay
  96. 96. the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  97. 97. Folk Songs<br /><ul><li> a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles
  98. 98. repetitive and sonorous, didactic and naive
  99. 99. traditional songs and melodies
  100. 100. inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  101. 101. Folk Songs<br /><ul><li>uyayi – lullaby
  102. 102. komintang – war song
  103. 103. kundiman – melancholic love song
  104. 104. harana – serenade
  105. 105. tagay – drinking song
  106. 106. mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song
  107. 107. subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  108. 108. References<br /><ul><li>Granner, Robert C. and Stern, Malcom E. (1985). Literature: purple level. United States: McDougal, Littell and Company.
  109. 109. Kahayon, Alicia H. and Zulueta, Celia A. (2000). Philippine literature: through the years. Pasig City: National Book Store.</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />
  110. 110. References<br /><ul><li>
  111. 111.
  112. 112.
  113. 113.</li></ul>Pre-colonial Literature<br />Thelma V. Villaflores<br />