Ref Q 4. “Where can I find pictures of Jonathan Swift without infringing copyright?”a) Analysis: This question requires two results: (i) clarification of Irish copyright law for a teacherwho wants to print or photocopy an image for dissemination to a class of learners, and (ii) a sourcefor a picture (or pictures) of Jonathan Swift (in this case, both a print source and a digital source).b) Search Strategy: I searched the UCD catalogue for ‘Irish copyright law’ and found Copyrightand Related Acts 2000, by Kelly and Murphy. I also found the digital version by going fromwww.gov.ie to www.irishstatutebook.ie and searching for ‘copyright’ (see appendix). I searched theUCD catalogue using the terms ‘illustrated’ and ‘Swift’. The best result was Swift: An IllustratedLife, by Bruce Arnold. This book contained high quality images of Swift. To find digital images, Istarted on www.gov.ie, went to www.ahg.gov.ie (the Department of Arts, Heritage and theGaeltacht) and then www.nationalgallery.ie. From there, I went to www.europeana.eu (a Europeancultural aggregator) and found a sizeable selection of Jonathan Swift images, most with free access.c) Answer: Most works whose artists are dead more than 70 years are out of copyright (see (iia) inappendix). However images which are out of copyright, (e.g many on www.europeana.eu) are freeto use (but require an acknowledgement). As an educator, you can photocopy material from booksfor educational purposes (see (iib) in appendix) with acknowledgement. You can make one copyper student and two per teacher (see (iib) in appendix), if you are copying less than 5% of the book.Pictures: Bruce Arnold’s book, Swift: An Illustrated Life, contains images the teacher could copy.The teacher could also use www.europeana.eu; this site would giver the students more choice, andthey could each select an image of their choice and print it themselves for their projects.d) Appendix: (i) Scans of Copyright and Related Acts 2000, Kelly and Murphy; (ii) screen captures of www.irishstatutebook.ie results (also (iia) from Chapter 3, and (iib) from SI 514/2002); (iii)images from Arnold’s Swift: An Illustrated Life; (iv) screen capture of www.europeana.eu.f) Verification: I verified the information on www.irishstatutebook.ie with the contents ofCopyright and Related Acts 2000, by Kelly and Murphy, which also clarified some sections. Ibacked up my print images (in Bruce Arnold’s book) with those on www.europeana.eu. TheEuropeana website also provided verification for the image licensing I found in the Statutes.g) Best source: The best source for the copyright information was www.irishstatutebook.ie; thebest source for Swift pictures was www.europeana.eu.h) Justification of (g): While Murphy and Kelly’s book provided explanatory commentary, theIrish Statutes website listed all of the amendments to the 2000 statute; furthermore, the site wassearchable, and individual pages were also searchable (with Ctrl+F) so pertinent information waseasy to find and easy to understand. I chose www.europeana.eu as the best image source because ofthe sheer number of Swift images available, the clear copyright information with each, and the factthat my client’s students could access it themselves and print off their chosen images for theirprojects. It is easy to navigate and allows for narrowing of search fields (e.g. permissions, etc.).i) Interesting: I had never come across Europeana before, and I was surprised that such a largeaggregation of cultural material was not better known. I found the Irish Statute site excellent. Tohave a chronological and easily searchable resource was another surprise. I found it dishearteningthat this information was not readily available in many forms. It is in the government’s interest tohave this act and statute followed: therefore, the laws should be disseminated in easilyunderstandable language. It might be interesting to have a government or library-backed initiative toprovide school children with digestible and interesting information about copyright and licensing.j) Comments to client: Apart from giving clear copyright information to the client, I would suggesthe/she might like to include a lesson on copyright to his/her students before they access or copy thepictures. I would also recommend that the teacher encourage the students to search for the picturesof Swift themselves on the Europeana website, and show them how to narrow their search fields. Iwould suggest the teacher use Arnold’s book to fill in some biographical information for thechildren’s projects. One assumption I am making is that the class has access to the Internet.
e) Citations:Arnold, B. (2012). Swift: An Illustrated Life. Dublin: The Lilliput Press.Europeana. Retrieved 8th November, 2012, from http://www.europeana.eu/portal/.Government of Ireland. Certification of Licensing Scheme For Reprographic Copying by Educational Establishments (Statutory Instrument Number 514/2002 to the Copyright and Related Rights Order). (2002). Retrieved 8th November, 2012 from http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2002/en/si/0514.html.Government of Ireland. Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000. (2000). Retrieved 8th November, 2012 from http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2000/en/act/pub/0028/index.html.Kelly, C., & Murphy, A. (2002). Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (2 ed.). Dublin: Round Hall Ltd.Reproducing Images. National Gallery of Ireland. Retrieved 8th November, 2012, from http://www.nationalgallery.ie/aboutus/Images_and_Licensing/Reproducing_Images.aspx.
(i) Scans from Copyright and Related Rights Act, 2000 (Kelly and Murphy, 2002).
(ii) Results from ‘Copyright’ search onhttp://www.irishstatutebook.ie/ResultsTitle.html?q=copyright&search_type=all&button=Search.(iia) Chapter 3 – Duration of copyright(http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2000/en/act/pub/0028/sec0024.html#partii-chapiii)
(iib) Statutory Instrument 514/2002 – Copyright and Related Rights (Certification of LicensingScheme For Reprographic Copying by Educational Establishments) -http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/2002/en/si/0514.html.
(iii) Images from Bruce Arnold’s Swift: An Illustrated Life.Jonathan Swift, by Vertue after Jervas (frontispiece).Jonathan Swift, by Fourdrinier after Jervas (in National Library of Ireland).