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Putting Children First: Session 3.1.B Enrique Delamonica & Alberto Minujin - Children and adolescents in urban settings [25-Oct-17]

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Putting Children First: Identifying solutions and taking action to tackle poverty and inequality in Africa.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 23-25 October 2017

This three-day international conference aimed to engage policy makers, practitioners and researchers in identifying solutions for fighting child poverty and inequality in Africa, and in inspiring action towards change. The conference offered a platform for bridging divides across sectors, disciplines and policy, practice and research.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Putting Children First: Session 3.1.B Enrique Delamonica & Alberto Minujin - Children and adolescents in urban settings [25-Oct-17]

  1. 1. Children and Adolescents in Urban Settings: Poverty and Inequality in Nigerian Cities Delamonica, Enrique – UNICEF Nigeria and CROP Minujin, Alberto – Equity for Children Ugoagwu, Placid – University of Jos Addis Ababa -October, 2017
  2. 2. Questions/Objectives In Kano and Lagos: 1) How many children live in: acceptable inadequate unacceptable housing conditions? 2) What is the situation of children in the different conditions? 3) Regarding selected life cycle variables, what are the disparities between children in acceptable and unacceptable housing conditions?
  3. 3. Background: Global Urbanization trends World Africa
  4. 4. Urban inequities and children • Africa will experience one of the strongest waves of urbanization. • Urban averages mask huge inequalities & inequities. • Children living in slums and informal settlement confront high socio-environmental risks. • SDGs goals recognize the critical importance of promoting urban equity. • Achieving most of the goals depends on what will happen in urban areas.
  5. 5. Methodology Nigeria MICS 2016: Kano and Lagos states oversampled Metropolitan Kano and Lago data available We used indicators and thresholds for: 1) Overcrowding; 2) Quality of housing construction; and 3) Characteristics of the household related to available amenities, services, and environmental conditions.
  6. 6. Methodology (II) Combining the three dimensions households can be classified according to their overall housing conditions: Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable Selected variables over the life cycle of children and adolescents explored. Relative gaps analyzed (acceptable vs unacceptable)
  7. 7. Percentage of children in overcrowded households (persons per room) Kano Lagos Not Overcrowded 40.4 26.2 Moderately Overcrowded (3-4) 36.8 37.3 Severely Overcrowded (5+) 22.8 36.5 Total 100.00 100.0
  8. 8. Sample thresholds Households were considered not deprived if the floor was primarily made of one of the following materials: The following floor materials were used to classify a household as deprived: Vinyl carpet Earth / Sand Ceramic tiles Dung Cement Wood planks Rug (wall to wall) Palm / Bamboo Vinyl tiles Parquet or polished wood
  9. 9. Children in households deprived in terms of housing construction quality (%) Kano Lagos Basic Indicators Deprivation in terms of Roof 7.0 1.3 Floor 14.3 0.8 Wall 3.3 0.4 Aggregate Summary of Housing Construction Quality Not Deprived 78.4 97.9 Moderate 18.8 1.7 Severe 2.8 0.4
  10. 10. Distribution of children according to overall housing conditions (%) Overall Housing Condition Kano Lagos Acceptable 18.2 17.2 Inadequate 26.6 55.3 Unacceptable 55.2 27.5 Total 100.0 100.0
  11. 11. Stunting 0 5 10 15 20 25 State -Wide Urban Areas (State)Metropolitan Areas (State) Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable (%) Kano Lagos National Average
  12. 12. Children using insecticide treated mosquito nets (ITN) 0 20 40 60 80 100 State –Wide Urban Areas (State)Metropolitan Areas (State) Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable (%) Kano Lagos National Average
  13. 13. Children attending Pre-Primary School Education/ECD 0 20 40 60 80 100 State –Wide Urban Areas (State)Metropolitan Areas (State) Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable (%) Kano Lagos National Average
  14. 14. Children of primary school age attending primary school 0 20 40 60 80 100 State –Wide Urban Areas (State)Metropolitan Areas (State) Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable (%) Kano Lagos National Average
  15. 15. Children of secondary school age attending secondary school 0 20 40 60 80 100 State –Wide Urban Areas (State)Metropolitan Areas (State) Acceptable Inadequate Unacceptable (%) Kano Lagos National Average
  16. 16. Summary of absolute and relative rural-urban and intra-urban gaps Kano Lagos Absolute Gap Relative Gap Absolute Gap Relative Gap Birth Registration 27.0 1.5 16.7 1.2 Stunting -4.4 0.8 -2.5 0 Insecticide Treated Nets 9.1 1.1 -1.4 0.8 ECD/Pre-primary school NAR 29.2 2.6 13.7 1.2 NAR Primary 2.8 1.0 0.6 1.0 NAR Secondary - 1.0 14.5 1.2
  17. 17. Summary and Further Steps • Large intra-urban disparities exist for many indicators • However, not as large as in other countries • There are also some “surprises” • Sensitivity Analysis of thresholds – Different ones for each city? • Confidence intervals
  18. 18. Thank you!

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