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Putting Children First: Session 2.1.B Francisca Mujawase - Impact of VUP on children in Rwanda [24-Oct-17]

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Putting Children First: Identifying solutions and taking action to tackle poverty and inequality in Africa.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 23-25 October 2017

This three-day international conference aimed to engage policy makers, practitioners and researchers in identifying solutions for fighting child poverty and inequality in Africa, and in inspiring action towards change. The conference offered a platform for bridging divides across sectors, disciplines and policy, practice and research.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Putting Children First: Session 2.1.B Francisca Mujawase - Impact of VUP on children in Rwanda [24-Oct-17]

  1. 1. IMPACT OF VISION2020 UMURENGE PROGRAMME ON CHILD WELL-BEING IN RWANDA Francesca MUJAWASE International Labour Office Kigali- Rwanda Addis Ababa, October 23, 2017
  2. 2. Starting Points • Social protection floor and children • Social protection is a priority for the government - EDPRS 1& 2 and the current NST 1 • Child sensitive social protection programmes
  3. 3. Rwandan Social Protection Framework Social Protection Programme Programme Components and Benefits I. Vision2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP)  VUP Direct Support  VUP Public Works  VUP Financial services  Nutritional Support Programme for Children under 5 II. Fund for Genocide Survivors (FARG)  Education Support  Health Insurance  Housing Assistance  Financial Support III. Fund for demobilized and integration of EX-FAR soldiers (RDRC)  Health insurance  Housing  Monthly allowances  Training and Start-up kits IV. Social Insurance Scheme  Social security (Pensions)  Health insurance for civil servants and the military  Maternity Leave Benefits V. Complementary Social Protection Intervention  Universal health insurance “Mutuelle de Sante”  Universal primary education (9 – 12 Years basic Education)  One cow per poor family programme  Support for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC)  Support for the physically disabled
  4. 4. VISION2020 UMURENGE PROGRAMME (VUP) • VUP is a government initiative that seek to instigate changes in poverty reduction • It is a flagship under the EDPRS 1 &2 and the current (NST 1) • The programme is organized around three components • The government spend around 45 Bn Rwf per year on social protection programme
  5. 5. Public Spending on VUP by Programme Component - 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 Budget in Millions Financial Year Direct Support Public Works Financial Services
  6. 6. Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme Indicator Matrix Social Protection Category Benefit Type Number of Beneficiaries (2008-2015) Level of Benefit Target Group Budget in (Millions Rwf) (2008-2015) Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme Direct support 161,867 Cash transfer to the poorest Households Extremely poor (classified as Ubudehe 1) and unable to work 20,336 Public Works 452,610 Wages (cash for work) to members of poor households Extremely poor (classified as Ubudehe 1 or 2), but are able to work 22,736 Financial services 220,674 Facilitates the provision of financial services (savings, credit) and training for the poor Covers various Ubudehe categories, but inclusion of lower Ubudehe categories is strongly encouraged 11,182
  7. 7. Nutrition Support Programme (NSP) • The NSP is a complementary programme of the three VUP components • Every child who is under five years receives half a liter of milk per day • The government spends around 3 billion Rwf per annum • The programme has reached so far to 24,000 children • The project has been ongoing for the last three years
  8. 8. The Problem that needs a solution • A young population • High levels of dependency • High rates of poverty among children • Scattered child social protection programmes
  9. 9. Typical Child Vulnerabilities in Rwanda • Incidence of child poverty (2014) - 16.4% Extreme poverty - 22.8% Relative poverty - 60.8% Non poor • Under-five mortality rate (deaths per 1,000 live births) - 182/1000 in 2000 - 42/1000 in 2016 • Infant mortality rate (probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1000 live births) (2016) - 108/1000 in 2000 - 31/1000 in 2016 Food and Nutrition (2007-2014) • Children under 5 years underweight (%) 11.7% • Children under 5 years stunted (%) 44.3% • Children under 5 years wasted (%) 3.0% • Children under 5 years overweight (%) 7%
  10. 10. Typical Child Vulnerabilities in Rwanda Cont’ • High number of Orphans - In Rwanda 10% of children less than 18 years lost one parent while 1% lost both parents - Majority of single and double orphans are found in wealth Ubudehe categories - 0.6% of household head in VUP less than 21 years
  11. 11. Demographic Characteristics Of VUP Household Participants by VUP Component Rwanda All VUP Direct Support Public Works Financial Services Mean HH Size 4.6 4.2 3.1 5 5.5 Mean No of HH members by Age 0-4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.7 0.7 5-21' 1.9 1.8 1.2 2.1 2.5 21-59 1.8 1.4 0.7 1.9 2.1 60+ 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.2 Mean Proportion of Dependants per HH 42 53 62.1 43.1 45.1 HH containing Members with disability 15.8 32.2 50.2 13.9 17.6
  12. 12. Access to Facilities Time to the nearest Facility in Minutes – Mean of children 0-4 Use of Amenities for Individuals aged between 0-4 57.5 13.8 63.1 27.2 52.2 7.6 57.6 25.7 Market Main road Health centre Primary school 2011 2014 10.1 73.4 74.6 19 83.3 83.4 Electricity as main light source Improved water source Improved sanitation 2011 2014
  13. 13. Percentage of VUP Participating HHs with Assets by VUP Component Rwanda VUP Direct Support Public Works Financial Services Durable Goods Mobile Phone 63.6 43.3 24.1 49.2 69.3 TV 9.9 1.5 0.2 1 3.9 Radio 59.8 45 31.9 47.5 65.7 LivestockandLand FarmLand 89.3 96.9 95.6 97.9 98.3 Livestock/Poultry 64.5 74.6 72.7 67.5 82.5
  14. 14. Impact of VUP Programme on the lives of Children • Consumption of food - Significant improvements in food intake, i.e. in the number of meals consumed per day (from 1 to 3 meals) • Access to Health Insurance - 78.9% of VUP beneficiaries are enrolled on CHBI • Access to Education - 87.2% of children are enrolled in primary school - While only 21.3% enroll in secondary education
  15. 15. Impact of VUP Programme on the lives of Children Cont’ • Care for Children - The cash transfers improve carers’ abilities to provide for children’s basic needs • Family Reunification - Return of children in their homes • Incentive to foster care for children • Livestock Keeping
  16. 16. New Initiatives under VUP • VUP Household Profiling – identify child vulnerabilities • Piloting Minimum package – graduation • Creating synergies between social protection and agriculture – A new approach from Protecting to Production • Gender dimensions under VUP programs
  17. 17. Other Child Protection Programs • Early childhood development programme • One cup of milk per child in primary schools • Summary - VUP plays a vital role in contributing to child well-being in households that benefit from VUP programmes. The correlation demonstrated however is highly visible at household level
  18. 18. Recommendations • Develop a concept case of child multidimensional poverty status in Rwanda to design child programs based on the existing child vulnerabilities • Advocate for households with children under five living in Ubudehe category 1 to be a consideration for the amount of cash transfer entitled to the household • Expansion and rolling out child social protection programmes in particular the one cup of milk per child in schools • Assess effectiveness of the nutrition support programme under VUP to justify programme scale up • Ensure increased coherence between social protection and agriculture (Established at policy level, program, integration and implementation)
  19. 19. Thanks You Francisca Mujawase fmujawase@gmail.com International Labour Office Avenue de l’armee BP 445 Kigali-Rwanda

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