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Power of partnership conference: Presentation: Safe and sustainable cities

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Power of partnership conference: Presentation: Safe and sustainable cities: Human security, migration and wellbeing

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Power of partnership conference: Presentation: Safe and sustainable cities

  1. 1. Safe and sustainable cities: human security, migration and wellbeing PI W. Neil Adger (University of Exeter) Co-I Tasneem Siddiqui (University of Dhaka - RMMRU) Co-I Ricardo Safra de Campos (University of Exeter) Researcher: Lucy Faulkner (University of Exeter) Researcher: Mohammed Rashed Bhuiyan (University of Dhaka - RMMRU) Researcher: Lucy Szaboova (University of Exeter) Researcher: Mahmudol Hasan Rocky (RMMRU) Researcher: Tamim Billah (RMMRU)
  2. 2. Project overview Human security • Place attachment • Fear violence/crime • Material and perceived wellbeing • Mental health status Social contexts • Social capital • Length residence • Environmental risks • Political integration Objectives • Examine the challenges of rapid migration to urban settlements in terms of the sustainability, security, integration and wellbeing of new populations. • Employ this new knowledge to generate insights on how migrant populations can be empowered into urban planning processes in Chittagong.
  3. 3. Research approach Survey 450 migrants Completed May 2018 Migrant perceptions of human security and wellbeing and risks Photovoice Completed Oct 2018 10 migrants 7 planners Preparatory FGs Perspective-taking activities: building empathy Completed November 2018 Two policy oriented workshops January and March 2019 H1: The adaptive capacity of migrant populations is determined by their social capital, length of residence, level of integration into urban economies and political processes, and their exposure to threat multipliers such as environmental risks and hazards. H2: Adaptive capacity of migrant populations is revealed in outcomes such as perceptions of place attachment, integration into host society, and positive identity as well as the objective measures and drivers. H3: Higher adaptive capacity populations lead to more sustainable outcomes and hence higher adaptive capacity of cities themselves to promote sustainable and safe well-being. Interventions to reduce insecurity of migrant populations therefore enhance the overall sustainability of urban settlements.
  4. 4. Human security and wellbeing 57 43 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 No Yes %ofmigrants Food insecurity 12.8 25.6 27.5 29.3 4.8 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Completely disagree Disagree Neither agree or disagree Agree Completely agree %ofmigrants Housing insecurity 27.5 50.7 4.2 17.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Not at all Several days More than half the days Nearly every day %ofmigrants Worried about life 47.8 43.6 1.8 6.8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Not at all Several days More than half the days Nearly every day %ofmigrants Hopelessness
  5. 5. Impact Generate insights to help targeted city planning interventions: • Small solutions at the local level: i.e. provision of sanitation, access to drinking water (WASA) • Childcare for female workers (Planning Commission) • Waste management (City Corporation) Associated with SDGs: • SDG 11 Inclusive, Safe, Resilient and Sustainable Settlements • SDG 8 Inclusive Growth • SDG 3 on Healthy Lives and Wellbeing
  6. 6. Impact going forward Capacity building and follow up: • Planners would like to be trained on photovoice • Migrants would like to have a platform to engage directly with government agencies Thank you! Twitter: @CityMigrants Twitter: @ricsdecampos

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