Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Tikule limodzi
Let’s grow together
Child Poverty – Research
Scoping Day
Friday 18th November 2016
Anthrologica
ESRC/DFID E...
SDGs: Early Childhood Development
Goal 3, Target: 3.2
By 2030, end preventable
deaths of newborns and
children under 5 yea...
1. Appraise the current
state of ECDE services
in LICs including
Malawi and the
barriers preventing
children from accessin...
Child
MICROSYSTEM
MESOSYSTEM
MACROSYSTEM
EXOSYSTEM
UN
SDGs
National
ECD Policy
UNICEF
WHO
National
inclusion
policies
Fund...
Stage 1
•Comprehensive literature review (global and Malawi situation)
•Spatial mapping (local situation)
•Participatory t...
Outcomes measures
• Proportion of children:
– with developmental age equal to actual age.
– who drop out during the study ...
Global trends
• Early Childhood Development Index found 37% 3-
4 years in 35 LMICs don’t attain cognitive and
socio-emotio...
Stage One: Key findings from Lit
review
ECD in relation to the
inclusion of children
with disabilities is
particularly imp...
Tensions
‘Traditional Western’ led approaches to child
development and models of training for child
professionals - domina...
Binary themes
• Generic skills vs Functional Skills
• Culturally sensitive approaches vs imported
(Western) approaches
• C...
Disability prevalence among children
in Malawi
• The 2010 Malawi Population and Housing
Census show that out of 13.1 milli...
Thyolo: 42 CBCCs
(21 control, 21
intervention)
Stage Two: The trial
Duration: 12 months (Jan
2016 – Dec 2017)
Sample size:...
Control Group Treatment
21 ECD Centres
No intervention
Training of caregivers at
end of trial
21 ECD Centres
Caregiver tra...
Stage One: GIS mapping of ECD
centres using KoBoCollect
• Mapping of ECDE
services in one district
• Follow up questionnai...
Stage two: Process
Training of
trainers
October 2016
Baseline data
collection
December
2016 –
February 2017
Trainers 60
ca...
Stage Two: KoBo Toolbox
• Washington Group
Questions (on disability)
• Malawi Development
Assessment Tool (MDAT)
• Child-b...
Malawi Development Assessment Tool
Recruitment of centres: Inclusion
criteria
• Children: 3-5 years –
attend centres regularly
over past 6 months
• Secure st...
‘School readiness’ Development
Standards
Literacy
Birth to 2 years 3-4 years 5 years
Child recognises a
picture
Child expl...
Early Childhood Environment Rating
Scale
- General supervision of children
(e.g. safety)
- Staff-child interaction (e.g. u...
In-depth case studies
• Caregiver pairing with
children with different
disabilities in ECD
centres
• Log books follow
prog...
Child
MICROSYSTEM
MESOSYSTEM
MACROSYSTEM
EXOSYSTEM
UN
SDGs
National
ECD Policy
UNICEF
WHO
National
inclusion
policies
Fund...
Linking research with new
programme work in Malawi
The project will pilot a small-scale cost-effective model of good
quali...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Child Poverty Research Day: Reducing Non-Economic Poverty - Paul Lynch and Anita Soni, 'Tikule Limodzi - Let's Grow Together'

103 views

Published on

Child Poverty Research Day: Paul Lynch and Anita Soni
Institute of Development Studies, Brighton.
18th November 2016

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Child Poverty Research Day: Reducing Non-Economic Poverty - Paul Lynch and Anita Soni, 'Tikule Limodzi - Let's Grow Together'

  1. 1. Tikule limodzi Let’s grow together Child Poverty – Research Scoping Day Friday 18th November 2016 Anthrologica ESRC/DFID Education and Development: Raising Learning Outcomes in Education Systems
  2. 2. SDGs: Early Childhood Development Goal 3, Target: 3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births Goal 4, Target: 4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
  3. 3. 1. Appraise the current state of ECDE services in LICs including Malawi and the barriers preventing children from accessing services, with a particular focus on disability inclusiveness 3. Identify strategies for improving the inclusion of children with disabilities in ECDE services, with a focus on curriculum and teaching methods 2. Develop tools to address the identified barriers and test them through measuring a range of learning and development outcomes 4. Make evidence based recommendations to policy makers to advocate for the improvement of ECDE services for children with disabilities in Malawi Specific objectives
  4. 4. Child MICROSYSTEM MESOSYSTEM MACROSYSTEM EXOSYSTEM UN SDGs National ECD Policy UNICEF WHO National inclusion policies Funding allocation Home CBBCs (ECD centres) Traditional Authority Health professionals Clinics Village 0-2 TIME Family 3-5 6+ CRPD
  5. 5. Stage 1 •Comprehensive literature review (global and Malawi situation) •Spatial mapping (local situation) •Participatory tool development (synthesising data) •Training of trainers Stage 2 • Trial of tools: measure learning (school readiness)and developmental outcome of children aged 3-5 in 42 ECD centres in one district, observations of ECD centres, • Training of caregivers (pre-school teachers) • In-depth case studies of children with disabilities • Semi interviews and FGDs with participants and parents Stage 3 • In-depth interviews with key stakeholders: critical reflection on the process • Action research to identify remaining constraints and implementation challenges
  6. 6. Outcomes measures • Proportion of children: – with developmental age equal to actual age. – who drop out during the study period – who transition to primary school during the study period • Proportion of caregiver: – retention rates during the study period – caregiver satisfaction/ motivation – changes in the quality of the CBCC environment (in relation to group learning activities, chid-to-child interaction, caregiver to child interaction, provisions for children with disabilities) • .
  7. 7. Global trends • Early Childhood Development Index found 37% 3- 4 years in 35 LMICs don’t attain cognitive and socio-emotional skills (Lancet series, 2016) • Estimated 250 million children under 5 yrs in LMICs at risk of not attaining developmental potential (43% of children in 2010) • Most disadvantaged children are those in poverty, malnourished, disease, poor care, etc. • 1 in 20 children aged less than 14 years has a disability (UNICEF, 2013)
  8. 8. Stage One: Key findings from Lit review ECD in relation to the inclusion of children with disabilities is particularly important for many children with disabilities who need the opportunities for stimulation and development of key functional skills. (WHO, 2012)
  9. 9. Tensions ‘Traditional Western’ led approaches to child development and models of training for child professionals - dominated ECD agenda for many years. Vs A more ecological, psycho-culturally sensitive approach grounded in the (human) development of young children and features of their immediate environments, social partners and institutional and cultural systems and values in a low income and low resource setting such as Malawi.
  10. 10. Binary themes • Generic skills vs Functional Skills • Culturally sensitive approaches vs imported (Western) approaches • Child led vs adult led • School readiness (transition) vs celebrating childhood in its own right • Training vs facilitators • Education vs care (or Educare)
  11. 11. Disability prevalence among children in Malawi • The 2010 Malawi Population and Housing Census show that out of 13.1 million people, 498, 122 were persons with disabilities (3.8%) • It also showed that 159, 878 children have various forms of disability (2.4%). • Prevalence of disability in rank order was ‘other’ (35%), hearing (23%), seeing (16.9%), walking (15.8%) and speaking (9.3%).
  12. 12. Thyolo: 42 CBCCs (21 control, 21 intervention) Stage Two: The trial Duration: 12 months (Jan 2016 – Dec 2017) Sample size: 840 children 3-5 years Recruitment of children: between 20- all children in centre (health passports confirm ages) Assessments: Baseline and endline after 12 months FGDs/IDIs over 12 months
  13. 13. Control Group Treatment 21 ECD Centres No intervention Training of caregivers at end of trial 21 ECD Centres Caregiver training (2 weeks) Teacher logs Starter pack of materials Champion caregivers Stage Two: Total 420 children in Thyolo – 42 CBCCs randomised after baseline to one of two groups:
  14. 14. Stage One: GIS mapping of ECD centres using KoBoCollect • Mapping of ECDE services in one district • Follow up questionnaire of CBCCs in district (CBCCs, water pumps, latrines, trained staff, type of structure, etc.) • Maps helped to identify our trial sites (control and experimental arm)
  15. 15. Stage two: Process Training of trainers October 2016 Baseline data collection December 2016 – February 2017 Trainers 60 caregivers February 2017 Caregivers working in ECD centres March 2017 – January 2018 Post- intervention data collection February – April 2018 Training of 60 caregivers in control group May 2018
  16. 16. Stage Two: KoBo Toolbox • Washington Group Questions (on disability) • Malawi Development Assessment Tool (MDAT) • Child-based community centre rating scale • school readiness’ questions on basic literacy, numeracy • Questionnaire to measure caregiver’s satisfaction and motivation Response Type What it does Select One User can choose one of several options Select Many User can choose one or more of several options Text User can enter a text response Number User can enter an integer Decimal User can enter a decimal number Date User can enter a date Time User can enter a time of day Date & Time User can enter date and time together GPS User can record a GPS location Photo User can take or attach a picture Audio User can record or attach audio Video User can record or attach video Note User is shown a note (no response possible) Barcode User can enter a barcode by scanning it Acknowledge User is asked to confirm or acknowledge something Calculate* A mathematical expression of existing values that can be used by other questions (no user input)
  17. 17. Malawi Development Assessment Tool
  18. 18. Recruitment of centres: Inclusion criteria • Children: 3-5 years – attend centres regularly over past 6 months • Secure structure • Reliable feeding programme • At least one caregiver providing services to at least 20 children • Baseline data on CBCC – Type of structure – Amenities – Retention rate – Staffing levels – Registered children (including CWDs) – Parental support groups – Numbers transitioning to primary school, etc.
  19. 19. ‘School readiness’ Development Standards Literacy Birth to 2 years 3-4 years 5 years Child recognises a picture Child explains a picture correctly Child tells stories from a picture book, raised diagrams and enlarged objects Mathematical and Numerical Knowledge Birth to 2 years 3-4 years 5 years Child understands the concept of ‘more’ in relation to food and play Child identifies quantities and comparisons of quantities Child correctly expresses number concepts using ‘more than’ and ‘less than’
  20. 20. Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale - General supervision of children (e.g. safety) - Staff-child interaction (e.g. use of staff voice) - Interactions among children - Group time - Provisions for children with disabilities (e.g. level of involvement in activities) - Provisions for parents (e.g. sharing of child-related information between parents and staff)
  21. 21. In-depth case studies • Caregiver pairing with children with different disabilities in ECD centres • Log books follow progress of children • Champion caregivers provide support
  22. 22. Child MICROSYSTEM MESOSYSTEM MACROSYSTEM EXOSYSTEM UN SDGs National ECD Policy UNICEF WHO National inclusion policies Funding allocation Home CBBCs (ECD centres) Traditional Authority Health professionals Clinics Village 0-2 TIME Family 3-5 6+ CRPD
  23. 23. Linking research with new programme work in Malawi The project will pilot a small-scale cost-effective model of good quality ECDE for children with disabilities aged 3-8 in 20 CBCCs in 2 districts, underpinned by human capacity development and local system strengthening. Focused advocacy will increase the commitment of national stakeholders to supporting ECDE for CWD.

×