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Journeys: between river and sea

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Check out our online exhibition of images and stories relating to the development of Cottesloe, Peppermint Grove and Mosman Park.

For more history resources visit: www.thegrovelibrary.net and view the Community History tab or search the images.

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Journeys: between river and sea

  1. 1. Journeys: BETWEEN RIVER AND SEA Introduction The Beach The River School Days Daily Life Transport Industry Additional Galleries
  2. 2. Many people have called the Western Suburbs home. Some were just passing through, some starting their new life here in Australia, others settled and never left. This display celebrates the journeys of those people and highlights their struggles and experiences starting their new life between river and sea. Back Back
  3. 3. The Beach Cottesloe Beach has long been synonymous with good health and well-being. In the early part of the 20th Century the beach was popular with families who would eagerly congregate after a busy day at work to relax and enjoy quality time with their family and enjoy a meal in the open air. The beach was also popular with city dwellers who craved a weekend retreat away from the hustle and bustle of city life. In those early years, Cottesloe must have seemed a million miles away, at the end of an arduous journey. Numerous hotels and guest houses catered for the demand for accommodation close to the ocean and tea houses, a jetty and beach entertainment provided a thriving trade for local entrepreneurs. Although beach huts and entertainment stalls no longer adorn the white sands of Cottesloe, the area has become one of the most popular beachside locations in Perth. Back References
  4. 4. The River Peppermint Grove and Mosman park enjoy an enviable location nestled between the Swan River and the sparkling Indian Ocean. For many, during the early years, the river was the 'life blood' of the community, providing an array of leisure activities together with a plentiful source of nourishing seafood and a livelihood for local fishermen. Boating, crabbing, fishing, swimming, sailing, picnicking and diving have all been enjoyed over the years with several boating clubs taking residence along the shoreline north and south of the Freshwater and Mosman Bay. Summer months would bring crowds to the area. Many children remember being sent, after school, to claim a prized spot in readiness for the sumptuous riverside feast lovingly prepared by mother . Boy Scouts frequented the area and boasted headquarters high on the hilltop overlooking Mosman Bay. Campfires and ghost stories precluded a peaceful night under the stars. Although life has become much more sophisticated, few can deny the simple pleasures provided by a day spent at the river. Back References 3 2 1
  5. 5. School Days Barefoot and carefree, this is how many children remember their childhood in the Western Suburbs. But some have mixed emotions when recalling their time in public education. School was strict with little tolerance for mischief and disobedience. Punishment was harsh. The snap of the cane or the ruler would freeze children in their tracks but was most effective in correcting wayward offenders. Writing, reading and arithmetic, then with the ring of the school bell, children spill out of school, released from the constraints of the classroom. Running through the bush, fishing, swimming and crabbing then home for supper with the family. Days were long and years seemed like a lifetime... Back 3 2 1 4 References
  6. 6. Daily Life In the early days of corner shops and small private retailers, the atmosphere in the Western Suburbs was familiar and friendly. The shopkeepers knew and supported each other, borrowing stock where necessary and delivering goods to your door. Often letting themselves into homes through the backdoor to deposit goods and collect their fee which had trustingly been left on the kitchen table. Milk was delivered to your door in glass bottles with thick cream sitting snuggly in the neck of the bottle, with children eagerly racing to spoon it off the top. Groceries, wood and ice were delivered by horse and cart. Washing, cooking and cleaning was ’women’s work’. Without washing machines, electric ovens and piped gas and water, it was a full time job. Children were expected to help out with chores before and after school, but families were close and enjoyed quality time with each other and with their Back neighbours. References 1 2 3 4
  7. 7. Transport Following the settlement of the Swan River Colony in 1829, the Swan River was the main transportation link between Perth and the port of Fremantle. For many year, barges and commercial crafts would ferry cargo and passengers between the two towns. Land transport was difficult and involved negotiating bush tracks on horseback or foot. By the 1860s, public complaints regarding the road to Perth, led to the Perth-Fremantle road realignment, along much the same route as the Stirling Highway today. The State applied for Convict labour to construct the road and the bridge over the Swan River at North Fremantle. Subsequently, there was a considerable increase in traffic on the road, which was declared a public highway in 1872 . Horse and carts were replaced by motor cars, trams and buses, and Stirling Highway has become a busy commute to the city. Back References 2 3 1
  8. 8. Industry During the early part of the 20th century, industry played an important role within the community. Workers were drawn to the area by the abundance of work afforded by the numerous quarries and factories which were established in Mosman Park and Fremantle. Working conditions were not always favourable, with little tolerance for downtime. Workers at General Motors Holden, were docked pay for tea breaks and even for equipment failure. Wages were low and noise and heat were commonplace. Employees would need to reapply for their jobs if they took time off for holidays and were even timed during toilet breaks! Times were tough and the community pulled together to help each other out. Over the years the factories and workers’ cottages have been replaced by large character homes and Mosman park is now an affluent, coveted suburb. 1 1 2 3 Back References
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  12. 12. References The Beach 1. CPM02275 Cottesloe Jetty, c. 1920 with Bruce Gaston narrating about the Jetty. 2. CPM00644 Centenary Bathing Pavilion, c. 1930 with June Markham narrating about Palais de Danse. 3. CPM02100 Cottesloe Beach, c. 1940 with Bruce Gaston narrating about the Jetty. The River 1. CPM01203 Mosman Bay, 1940 with Rube Gabrielson narrating about life by the river. 2. CPM01346 Cottesloe Beach Boy Scouts, 1936 with Alf Snell narrating about the Sea Scouts. 3. CPM00324 Children at Mosman Bay, c. 1936 with Ron Casserly narrating about community gatherings at the river. School Days 1. CPM00164 Tunnel Ball at Mosman Park State School, 1956 with Rube Gabrielson narrating about teachers at Mosman Park school. 2. CPM000165 Folk dancing at Mosman Park State School, 1953 with Leslie Macarrey narrating about playing after school at the river. 3. CPM00156 Mosman Park State School, 1950 with Ron Anderson narrating about school punishments. 4. CPM01368 Cottesloe Beach Boy Scouts, 1935 with Rube Gabrielson narrating about swimming lessons at the river. Back
  13. 13. References Daily Life 1. CPM00446 Maurice Flynn Produce Merchant, c. 1900 with Audrey James narrating about food deliveries. 2. CPM01780 Milk bottles from Birkbeck’s Dairy in Cottesloe, 1950s 3. CPM01849 George Birkbeck, c. 1918 with Joy Hinchcliffe and Glenys Morrison narrating about Birkbeck dairy. 4. CPM 00618 Basham family on Cottesloe Beach, 1927 with Brian Heller narrating about Saturday night ice-creams. Transport 1. CPM02380 Stirling Highway looking south from the corner of Napier Street, Cottesloe, c .1940 with Fleur Arrow narrating about Trolley Buses. 2. CPM00684 A bridal party at Osborne Hotel, 1895 3. CPM01208 Repairing the Perth-Fremantle Road, 1914 with Brian Heller narrating about Stirling Highway. Industry 1. CPM 1497 The last Holden assembled in GMH's Mosman Park assembly factory, 1972 with Brian Bridge narrating about conditions at the Gold Plant. 2. CPM01293 C.S.B.P and Farmers Limited (originally Mt. Lyell Chemical Works), 1960s with Margaret Baldwin narrating about immigrant workers.. 3. CPM01495 General Motors Holden pay slip, 1968 with Ronald Jess narrating about working conditions at GMH Factory.. Back

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