Women and PoliticsDid they appreciate the vote?
What was the rule?Jeanette rankin ofmontana - first womenin congressThis was exceptionalGenerally politics wasthought to be toodisreputable for womento be involved in!
19th amendmentIn 1920 all women over the age of 21 gainedThe right to voteDivision - african american women in thesouth were unable to take advantage of thisEvidence showed that the majority ofmarried women voted with their husbandsFor poor women the daily struggle wasmore important than politics
New deal for women inpolitics Only 9 women had entered politics by 1939 Mary mcleod bethune was the first black women to enter politics - director of negro affairs Frances perkins - secretary of labour The negative reaction to this appointment - highlighted the entrenched prejudices of businessmen and unions
Eleanor rooseveltActive role as first ladyJoined the league of women voters and thewomen’s trade union leagueStaunch supporter of the anti-lynchingcampaign
Did the vote really help? For the well educated minority who had campaigned for it - it did make a difference They were divided how best to use the vote and therefore failed to make further changes for the position of women Division - educated women who held up the sanctity of the home vs feminist groups who wanted equal rights for women (era amendment) Some women were concerned that there biological differences might be compromised - they might have to do heavy lifting at work! Some extremists campaigned strongly against the era and many formed a branch of the kkk
campaignsJane addams - essentiallegislation to regulateworking hours, abolish childlabour and improve livingconditions for the poorMary talbert - educatedblack women who campaignedagainst lynchingSome women were concernedthat pressing for separatelegislation would highlighttheir differences andemphasise their differenceswith men
What was achieved?Women’s bureau was established in thedepartment of labour - but was very limited inwhat it could achieveThe shepherd-towner act - funds available formaternity - restricted because they medicalprofession didn’t want to provide free healthcare to the poorEight hour day for women - due to strongopposition the supreme court overthrew thelegislationHowever, there was prohibition!!!!