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MUSSOLINI
Fascist consolidation of power
CONSOLIDATION OF POWER




What do we mean by consolidation of power?
FIRST STEPS
FIRST STEPS
FIRST STEPS

Get the government on
side
FIRST STEPS

Get the government on
side
Convince them nothing
has really changed - only
law and order needed to
be restored
FIRST STEPS

Get the government on
side
Convince them nothing
has really changed - only
law and order needed to
be restore...
EMERGENY POWERS
EMERGENY POWERS

Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a
speech DEMANDING that he
be given full powers to govern
alone.
EMERGENY POWERS

Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a
speech DEMANDING that he
be given full powers to govern
alone.

Deputies were...
EMERGENY POWERS

Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a
speech DEMANDING that he
be given full powers to govern
alone.

Deputies were...
EMERGENY POWERS

Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a
speech DEMANDING that he
be given full powers to govern
alone.

Deputies were...
EMERGENY POWERS

Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a
speech DEMANDING that he
be given full powers to govern
alone.

Deputies were...
SQUADRISTI
SQUADRISTI

Mussolini needed to use
the squadristi BUT also he
needed to control them.
SQUADRISTI

Mussolini needed to use
the squadristi BUT also he
needed to control them.
Ras, like Farinacci wanted
to contr...
SQUADRISTI

Mussolini needed to use
the squadristi BUT also he
needed to control them.
Ras, like Farinacci wanted
to contr...
SQUADRISTI

Mussolini needed to use
the squadristi BUT also he
needed to control them.
Ras, like Farinacci wanted
to contr...
FASCIST MILITIA
FASCIST MILITIA

He had to reward the
Squadristi and control
them.
FASCIST MILITIA

He had to reward the
Squadristi and control
them.
He created the militia and
incorporated 300,000
squadri...
FASCIST MILITIA

He had to reward the
Squadristi and control
them.
He created the militia and
incorporated 300,000
squadri...
FASCIST MILITIA

He had to reward the
Squadristi and control
them.
He created the militia and
incorporated 300,000
squadri...
CHEKA
CHEKA

Mussolini’s personal
bodyguard.
CHEKA

Mussolini’s personal
bodyguard.

Terrorised his
opponents.
CHEKA

Mussolini’s personal
bodyguard.

Terrorised his
opponents.
FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL
FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL

Created by Mussolini
to keep leading
Fascists under his
control
FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL

Created by Mussolini
to keep leading
Fascists under his
control

Mussolini led the
committee.
FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL

Created by Mussolini
to keep leading
Fascists under his
control

Mussolini led the
committee.
GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY
GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY

Dramatic growth in
membership once
Mussolini had come to
power.
GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY

Dramatic growth in
membership once
Mussolini had come to
power.

Economic advantages.
GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY

Dramatic growth in
membership once
Mussolini had come to
power.

Economic advantages.

Nationalis...
GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY

Dramatic growth in
membership once
Mussolini had come to
power.

Economic advantages.

Nationalis...
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Consolidation

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Consolidation

  1. 1. MUSSOLINI Fascist consolidation of power
  2. 2. CONSOLIDATION OF POWER What do we mean by consolidation of power?
  3. 3. FIRST STEPS
  4. 4. FIRST STEPS
  5. 5. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side
  6. 6. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side Convince them nothing has really changed - only law and order needed to be restored
  7. 7. FIRST STEPS Get the government on side Convince them nothing has really changed - only law and order needed to be restored Only 32 Fascist deputies in government - had to form a coalition of right- wing elements
  8. 8. EMERGENY POWERS
  9. 9. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone.
  10. 10. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it.
  11. 11. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo.
  12. 12. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo. Giolitti, Salandra and Orlando voted for Mussolini to be granted emergency powers.
  13. 13. EMERGENY POWERS Nov 1922 - Mussolini gave a speech DEMANDING that he be given full powers to govern alone. Deputies were divided- but only the Communists and Socialists voted against it. Many in the centre and right had had enough of trasformismo. Giolitti, Salandra and Orlando voted for Mussolini to be granted emergency powers.
  14. 14. SQUADRISTI
  15. 15. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them.
  16. 16. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini.
  17. 17. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini. Mussolini needed to asert his authority
  18. 18. SQUADRISTI Mussolini needed to use the squadristi BUT also he needed to control them. Ras, like Farinacci wanted to control the state using a violent revolution. This was too far for Mussolini. Mussolini needed to asert his authority
  19. 19. FASCIST MILITIA
  20. 20. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them.
  21. 21. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control.
  22. 22. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control. Ex-army officers were put in charge, to undermine the Ras.
  23. 23. FASCIST MILITIA He had to reward the Squadristi and control them. He created the militia and incorporated 300,000 squadristi directly under his control. Ex-army officers were put in charge, to undermine the Ras.
  24. 24. CHEKA
  25. 25. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard.
  26. 26. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard. Terrorised his opponents.
  27. 27. CHEKA Mussolini’s personal bodyguard. Terrorised his opponents.
  28. 28. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL
  29. 29. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control
  30. 30. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control Mussolini led the committee.
  31. 31. FASCIST GRAND COUNCIL Created by Mussolini to keep leading Fascists under his control Mussolini led the committee.
  32. 32. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY
  33. 33. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power.
  34. 34. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages.
  35. 35. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages. Nationalists also joined the party.
  36. 36. GROWTH IN FASCIST PARTY Dramatic growth in membership once Mussolini had come to power. Economic advantages. Nationalists also joined the party.

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