Currency – Check the date. Is it timely? Is the information still relevant? Check for functional links or updated contact information. Relevancy – How does this relate with your topic? Authority – Who authored this article? What makes him/her an authority on the subject? Is the author or agency publishing this a credible source in the field?Accuracy – Is there evidence to support the information? Are there errors – factual, grammatical, or otherwise? Can you verify this information using another source?Purpose – Does this website or information contain bias? Is it forwarding an agenda?
Internet ResearchBy: Cristy MoranEmail: email@example.com
Things we’ll cover…1. To Internet or not to Internet?2. How to Google effectively3. Evaluating websites and web content4. Reliable web sources5. Gathering information you’ll need to cite from the Internet
Do you Internet?To Internet• Official organization andinstitution pages• Publically released reportsand statistics• News articles, videos, andcommentary/ reviews• Reliable open sourcescholarship• Nonessential informationor general knowledgeinformationNot to Internet• Reference information(Wikipedia is a goodplace to start but not tofinish)• Scholarly articles• Case studies• Dissertations• Pirated materials (e.g.ebooks, music, videos)
Know your Google• Google does not vetresults• First page of results isnot the most relevantor accurate• Google offers promotionfor paid and oft-visitedsites• Google guesses basedon your search habitsand others’ habits• Log into library whenusing Google Scholar
Reading a URL• Domains tell visitors a lot about the kind of information you’llfind on the websites• Frequently used domains:• Com, or Net–commercial, paid-for sites that anyone can buy orhost• Org—organization, for non-profits (i.e. charities, churches)• Expect that these sites have biased information either for/against acause• Edu—educational, colleges & universities• Gov—official US government site• Mil—official US military site• Country domains (.ca, .uk, etc.)—non-US sites use country codesin their domains many times, this does not make them “official”websites or representatives of the entire country
The CRAAP Test• Apply smart searchingtechniques – theInternet can beoverwhelming andoften irrelevant,inaccurate, andinappropriate for yourresearch• Evaluate the websitesyou use - CRAAP test• Ask yourself if it’sessential informationand if it adds value toyour workurrencyelevancyuthorityccuracyurpose
What can you trust?• The Statistical Abstract ofthe United States• National Center forEducation Statistics• Professional associations• National andinternationalorganizations• Open-access scholarlyjournal databases• Digital archives forprimary sources
What you’ll need to cite…• Author names—sometimes notavailable, useorganization name ifyou can• Name of website andwebpage—Not thesame thing!• Posted or publisheddate—sometimesunavailable (n.d.)• Date of access/retrieval
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