STATES AND REGIONS
LEADING THE WAY TO A
LOW CARBON ECONOMYLOW CARBON ECONOMY
STATES AND REGIONS
On behalf of subnational governments around the world Premier Charest of QuebecOn behalf of subnational governments around the world, Premier Charest of Quebec
highlighted the importance of subnational action in implementing a Global Deal before
distinguished guests, including the UN Secretary General, at Climate Week NYC’sdistinguished guests, including the UN Secretary General, at Climate Week NYC s
The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 sets an interim target to reduce
GHGs by 42% by 2020, and 80% by 2050, compared to 1990 levels.
Emissions from international aviation and shipping are included in the
“We have passed an historic, groundbreaking bill that
sets an international example that we hope othersp p
ALEX SALMOND, FIRST MINISTER
NORTH RHINE WESTPHALIANORTH RHINE WESTPHALIA
By 2020, 100 new and existing residential estates are to be
extended to meet solar estate standards of the future with passiveextended to meet solar estate standards of the future, with passive
buildings and geothermal heat pumps.
“North Rhine Westphalia is among the most modernp g
and important energy regions worldwide. The result
is a special responsibility.”
MINISTER OF ECONOMIC AFFAIRS AND ENERGY
NORTH RHINE WESTPHALIA
The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, also known as AB32, establishes a
comprehensive programme to achieve real quantifiable and cost effectivecomprehensive programme to achieve real, quantifiable and cost effective
reductions in GHGs.
“I am very proud that California is a founding member
of this great organization. Together we have doneof this great organization. Together we have done
fantastic work. You were instrumental in helping
pass AB 32 California’s landmark greenhouse gaspass AB-32, California’s landmark greenhouse gas
reduction law....Our leadership is now pushing the
Federal government to act also. You all are
‘Emissions Terminators’…so let’s all continue
GOVERNOR ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER
Is the first North AmericanIs the first North American
jurisdiction to introduce a revenue
neutral carbon tax.neutral carbon tax.
“The challenge we face is enormous, but with decisive
action, it can be met. It must be met if we want to
sustain the quality of life we enjoy today for oursustain the quality of life we enjoy today for our
children and our grandchildren. So let’s work
together and let’s make them proud ”together, and let’s make them proud.”
PREMIER, GORDON CAMPBELL
South Australia’s solar feed-in scheme was the first of its type in the
country. Households and small energy consumers using solar panels are
rewarded with a guaranteed tariff of AU44 cents for every kilowatt hour
they feed back into the electricity grid.
“South Australia has achieved a great deal in the field ofSouth Australia has achieved a great deal in the field of
climate change and we are seen by many environmental
i i i iexperts as being an international exemplar. For instance, we
lead Australia in the development of renewable energy, and
we have introduced climate change legislation that is the
first of its kind in Australia. As the nation’s first Minister forfirst of its kind in Australia. As the nation s first Minister for
Sustainability and Climate Change, I am determined to
i t i thi t d t b i b t f d lmaintain this momentum and to bring about profound, long-
PREMIER MIKE RANN
A North American first, Quebec’s duty on gasoline and fossil fuels will assure
C $200 i i f i i i i iCAD$200 million per year to fund actions to help achieve its emission
reduction target of 6% below 1990 levels by 2012.
BASQUE REGIONBASQUE REGION
The CIC energiGune centre has been created to work with renewable energy
including ocean energy, energy storage and fuel batteries, biomass andincluding ocean energy, energy storage and fuel batteries, biomass and
high temperature solar thermal energy.
The Far North Planning Initiative will protect at least 225,000km2 of the Far North
Boreal region, and give priority protection to key ecological features such as
endangered species habitat.
“Climate change is the defining issue of our
generation — we've come a long way, but we have
more to do together ”more to do, together.
PREMIER DALTON MCGUINTY
Aims to produce more thermalAims to produce more thermal
energy, notably by installing 35,000
m² of new solar panels every year,
i iextending heating networks and
connecting 30,000 new homes to
these networks by 2010.
To increase production of
renewable energy from 1.8% inrenewable energy from 1.8% in
2000 to 8% in 2010, the
Walloon Government has
introduced a system of green
certificates, quotas of renewable
energy to be supplied by energy
Is promoting the
recovery of the riparian
forest by extending
forest cover from 13.9%
to 20% of the state
“Th t f th Sã P l St t d th“The government of the São Paulo State proposed the
minimum reduction of 20% in the emissions of GHG
up to 2020 (baseline 2005). This was the goal
presented last August (2008) by the Environmentpresented last August (2008) by the Environment
Secretary of São Paulo, Mr. Xico Graziano, to the
Governor Jose Serra related to a law project aboutGovernor Jose Serra, related to a law project about
the climate change that will be directed to the State
STATE ENVIRONMENT SECRETARY
Road and registration tax reforms
will promote the purchase ofp p
environmentally friendly cars and
use of transport alternatives.
“The climate is changing Are you changing too?”The climate is changing. Are you changing too?
MINISTER OF PUBLIC WORKS,
ENERGY, ENVIRONMENT AND NATURE,
WESTERN AUSTRALIAWESTERN AUSTRALIA
Requires landfill sites to
d d hcapture and use or destroy methane
Is developing solar thermal power for industrial processes.p g p p
Aims for all newAims for all new
buildings to be zero
carbon from 2011.
As a result of innovative loans programmes, Manitoba is the North American
leader in ground source heat pump installations, quadrupling sales in recent
“Manitobans can be proud of their leadership ona toba s ca be p oud o t e eade s p o
climate change. Although our emissions are
comparatively low thanks to an abundance ofcomparatively low thanks to an abundance of
renewable hydro resources, our citizens recognized
early on that we must be part of the solution of the
global climate challenge.”g g
MANITOBA’S CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLANMANITOBA S CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION PLAN
“Wales is exceptionally well placed to lead the
transition to low carbon economies: in which energytransition to low carbon economies: in which energy
is used efficiently, is produced as near to the
ibl d it th i i fconsumer as possible and emits the minimum of
carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas
MINISTER FOR ENVIRONMENT,MINISTER FOR ENVIRONMENT,
SUSTAINABILITY AND HOUSING
Grants subsidies to promote the development and introduction of renewable
energy such as biomass gasification and hydrogen or thermoelectric solar
Is rolling out smart electricity meters to all residential and small
business electricity consumers.
Aims to generate 1000 MW of energy from land-based wind farms in
2010 d dditi l 500 MW f ff h t bi b 20152010 and an additional 500 MW from offshore turbines by 2015.
Has committed to allowing no new coal-fired power station to be approved in
Queensland unless it uses world’s best practice low emission technology and is
C b C d S dCarbon Capture and Storage-ready.
UPPER AUSTRIAUPPER AUSTRIA
Will complete its exit from use of oil and coal for heating and electricity
generation by 2030 and reduce its emissions up to 65%generation by 2030 and reduce its emissions up to 65%.
SOUTH HOLLANDSOUTH HOLLAND
Is investigating public private partnerships and revolving funds to
stimulate geothermal drillingstimulate geothermal drilling.
“We strongly support the States and Regions network’s
mission to obtain recognition of the role of states
and regions in the UNFCCC Long-Term Cooperativeand regions in the UNFCCC Long-Term Cooperative
Agreement on Climate Change.”
MR. JAN FRANSSEN
QUEEN’S COMMISSIONERQUEEN’S COMMISSIONER
Has a target to increase the contribution of geothermal energy to 1 to 2%Has a target to increase the contribution of geothermal energy to 1 to 2%
of electricity generated and heat supplied.
NEW SOUTH WALES
i i i i i i iImplemented the first energy efficiency certificates trading scheme in the
world in 2003, requiring electricity retailers and other parties by legislation
to meet mandatory targets for reducing GHG emissions resulting from theto meet mandatory targets for reducing GHG emissions resulting from the
electricity they supply or consume.