Radical Emissions Cuts:
 The Technological and
  Business Challenge
    www.theccc.org.uk
The scale of the challenge

                           695 Mt CO2e

  International aviation
            & shipping*

   U...
UK aviation emission forecast
Implications if aviation emission cannot be
reduced
UK sectoral emissions on an 80% reduction
path
UK sectoral emissions on an 90% reduction
path
Carbon intensity of electricity
Renewable generation capacity
Wind capacity in UK and Germany
Effects of electricity decarbonisation
Key drivers of electric vehicle uptake


Technological progress in batteries                                Consumer Behav...
Carbon efficiency of heat pumps
Aggregate generation
Transport emissions


                                                            Average annual growth rate: 1990-2006
  ...
Meeting the required reductions


                    Reducing power sector emissions:
       Renewables (Wind, solar, tid...
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Evaluating the implications of carbon budgets on UK business

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Presentation by Lord Turner, chair, Committee for Climate Change - at the CBI Climate Change Summit, Tuesday 2 December 2008

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Evaluating the implications of carbon budgets on UK business

  1. 1. Radical Emissions Cuts: The Technological and Business Challenge www.theccc.org.uk
  2. 2. The scale of the challenge 695 Mt CO2e International aviation & shipping* UK non-CO2 GHGs Other CO2 Industry (heat & industrial processes) 77% cut (= 80% vs. 1990) Residential & Commercial heat Domestic transport 159 Mt CO2e Electricity Generation 2006 emissions 2050 objective * bunker fuels basis
  3. 3. UK aviation emission forecast
  4. 4. Implications if aviation emission cannot be reduced
  5. 5. UK sectoral emissions on an 80% reduction path
  6. 6. UK sectoral emissions on an 90% reduction path
  7. 7. Carbon intensity of electricity
  8. 8. Renewable generation capacity
  9. 9. Wind capacity in UK and Germany
  10. 10. Effects of electricity decarbonisation
  11. 11. Key drivers of electric vehicle uptake Technological progress in batteries Consumer Behaviour • Lower cost • Willingness to accept recharge distance which covers 90% of • Longer range journeys (but not 100%) • Faster recharge • Willingness to buy small • Lower weight light (city only) cars Recharging infrastructure development • Provision of on street, at office, in car park recharging points • Battery swap-over systems (e.g. Denmark / Israel / Australia “Better Place” plans) • Rapid Recharge capability
  12. 12. Carbon efficiency of heat pumps
  13. 13. Aggregate generation
  14. 14. Transport emissions Average annual growth rate: 1990-2006 Total: 169 Mt CO2 Other Rail Kilometres+ Emissions Road Buses HGVs HGVs: 1.0% 0.7% LGVs LGVs: 3.0% 4.0% Cars Cars: 1.1% -0.2% Aviation – domestic and international* Aviation: 4.3% 5.2% 2006 emissions * bunker fuels basis + passenger-km where applicable, otherwise vehicle-km
  15. 15. Meeting the required reductions Reducing power sector emissions: Renewables (Wind, solar, tidal and marine, biomass), nuclear, CCS Application of power to transport and heat Reducing transport emissions: Reducing heat emissions: • Fuel efficiency • Energy efficiency • Electric/plug-in hybrids • Behaviour change • Sustainable Bio fuels • Electric heat (e.g. heat pumps, storage heating) • Biomass boilers • CCS in industry

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