This is the presentation I gave at the Centre for Teaching and Learning at Stellenbosch University.
I began by exploring some of the ways in which the education system is broken, and how the select application of certain types of technologies may be a useful part of the solution. This first section was to contextualise the second part of the presentation...
...which was to demonstrate a few examples of how I integrate certain services, applications and devices into my own PLE, before finally...
...highlighting the challenges we face in moving this idea forward, as well as suggesting guidelines that acknowledge the challenges, but which still facilitate an appropriate application of the PLE concept.
Few of the ideas expressed in the presentation are solely my own (other than choosing the images), and I've tried to give credit where it is due.
“ The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty , and we must rise with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew and act anew ” abraham lincoln (1882) annual message to congress
“ the world is changed” galadriel the lord of the rings
“ the machine provided a new way of thinking...” “ we will live inside [it, and] it's always on ” kelly, 2005 http://bit.ly/cPvTeS
“ the machine is us /ing us” wesch (2007) http://bit.ly/bQmdAK
the internet is both spatial , and chronological gelernter (2010) http://bit.ly/bL4jMN
“ a new communication paradigm is being constructed through community interaction and participation, which enables the formation of loosely connected groups with relative ease” wesch (2009) http://bit.ly/8ZaA6g
“ we can’t keep up with making the technology the curriculum...all we can do is prepare students to teach themselves ” Warlick (2009) http://goo.gl/CrwI
knowledge in the LMS static declarative authority based hard boundaries organised around classes learning about asymmetrical relationships homogeneous content access is gated knowledge in the PLE dynamic non-declarative personally constructed soft boundaries organised around topics learning to do symmetrical relationships personalised content access is open
implications for education learners will take greater responsibility, and be more independent teachers are not expert transmitters, but expert designers changes the balance between institutional and informal learning
“ the future is here, it's just not widely distributed ” gibson (2003)
some references (but not all) Abernathy, W. J., Utterback, J. M. (1978), Patterns of Industrial Restructuring. Technology Review, 80 (7), 1-9 Attwell G. Personal learning environments - the future of eLearning. eLearning Papers. 2007;2(1):8 Downes, S. (2004, November 10). Theory of Learning Networks. Retrieved from Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/theory-of-learning-networks Fini A. The Technological Dimension of a Massive Open Online Course: The Case of the CCK08 Course Tools. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. 2009;10(5):26 Gelernter, D. (2009). Time to start taking the internet seriously. Edge 313: the third culture ( h ttp://bit.ly/bXjH39 ) Hardy, darcy (2010). The Forever Changing Role of IT in Online Education (http://goo.gl/MWxu) Kastelle, T. (2010). Personal Aggregate, Filter and Connect Strategies. Blog post on Innovation Leadership Network (http://goo.gl/fxgY) Katz R. The Tower and The Cloud: Higher Education in the Age of Cloud Computing. (Katz R). Educause; 2008:295. Available at: http://www.educause.edu/thetowerandthecloud Kelly, k. (2005). We are the web. Wired magazine, 13.08 Papert, S. opening quote Robinson, K. (2006). Presentation at TED Siemens G, Tittenberger P. Handbook of Emerging Technologies for Learning.; 2009:65 Turker, M. A., & Zingel, S. (2008). Formative Interfaces for Scaffolding Self-Regulated Learning in PLEs. eLearning Papers, 9, 1-15. doi: ISSN 1887-1542 Warlick, D. Wesch, M. (2008). An anthropological introduction to YouTube. Oral presentation to the United States Library of Congress, June 23, 2008 Wilson, S., Liber, O., Johnson, M., Beauvoir, P., Sharples, P., Milligan, C., et al. (2008). Personal Learning Environments: Challenging the dominant design of educational systems. Interactive Learning Environments, 16(1), 1-2