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The Authentication Times, Issue 30

Dear Readers,
Welcome to the 30th edition of The Authentication Times.
In The Authentication Times, we continue to raise the issue of counterfeiting, which impacts the consumers and society by large. Our current edition focusses on the issue of milk adulteration in India. Managing food safety standards across a global supply chain is complex and challenging. However, steps must be taken to ensure safe and secure shipping,
and distribution of food products that end up in consumer's hands. To protect the 25 million babies born every year in India, it is essential to protect baby milk powders and other nutritional products from the scourge of counterfeiting.
According to a survey conducted by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in 2011, 68.4 of per cent milk served throughout the country was found adulterated, which itself defines the grim situation and calls for strict rules over fake and adulterated milk.
The cover story highlights this challenging issue in detail covering aspects such as its impact, consequences and how this menace can be tackled with the help of technology – adopting authentication, and track and trace solutions.
In this issue, you will also find a new section “Questions raised in the Indian Parliament related to counterfeiting and Answers by the Members of Parliament against these.” Other than this, you will also find our regular sections such as reports from FICCI CASCADE, News Bytes, Counterfeit Seizure Report and Events in this issue.
We thank you for your continual support and look forward to receive your feedback.
Editor - The Authentication Times

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The Authentication Times, Issue 30

  1. 1. The Official newsletter of Authentication Solution Provider' Association (ASPA) Sptember 2016 | Volume 11 | Issue 30 Fake Baby Milk Diverse technologies, common goal.
  2. 2. India’s Largest Print Solution Provider Secure Print Solutions Secure Transaction & Payment Solutions Banking & Smart Card Solutions Print Management Solutions Packaging & Branding Solutions Digital Banking – Smart Branch Solutions AWARDS, ACCOLADES AND CERTIFICATIONS Best Banking Card Service Provider 2016 Best Digital Solutions Provider 2016 Print Company of the Year 2015 ISO 9001:2008 ISO 27001 HSSMS 50+ Countries | 500+ Clients | 75 Years of Excellence MANIPAL TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED Udayavani Building, Press Corner, Manipal - 576 104 PH. +91 820 2571151 | | MANIPAL TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED Celebrating 75 Years of Excellence
  3. 3. ISSUE 30Index Viewpoint Dear Reader, Welcome to the 30th edition of The Authentication Times. In The Authentication Times, we continue to raise the issue of counterfeiting, which impacts the consumers and society by large. Our current edition focusses on the issue of milk adulteration in India. Managing food safety standards across a global supply chain is complex and challenging. However, steps must be taken to ensure safe and secure shipping, and distribution of food products that end up in consumer's hands. To protect the 25 million babies born every year in India, it is essential to protect baby milk powders and other nutritional products from the scourge of counterfeiting. According to a survey conducted by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in 2011, 68.4 of per cent milk served throughout the country was found adulterated, which itself defines the grim situation and calls for strict rules over fake and adulterated milk. The cover story highlights this challenging issue in detail covering aspects such as its impact, consequences and how this menace can be tackled with the help of technology – adopting authentication, and track and trace solutions. In this issue, you will also find a new section “Questions raised in the Indian Parliament related to counterfeiting and Answers by the Members of Parliament against these.” Other than this, you will also find our regular sections such as reports from FICCI CASCADE, News Bytes, Counterfeit Seizure Report and Events in this issue. We thank you for your continual support and look forward to receive your feedback. Sincerely, Chander S Jeena Editor, The Authentication Times ASPA News Members News Policy Initiatives New Features and Usage Brief News Cover Story Question in Parliament Counterfeit Seizure Report New Appointments FICCI CASCADE Global Patents Business Tool In this issue Milk adulteration and solutions to combat this menace 1 3 4 5 7 8 12 14 15 19 16 18 PUBLISHED BY Authentication Solution Providers’Assciation (ASPA) EDITORIAL TEAM Issue Editor: C S Jeena Principal Correspondent: Sanjiv Singh IMAGE CONSULTANT PR Mantra PRINTED BY Gopsons Papers Ltd. A - 2&3, Sector 64, Phase 3, Noida, India The Authentication Times is a quarterly newsletter published by ASPA with an aim to provide latest developments, research, articles, patents and industry news to a wide audience related to Authenticatoni in India and World. The editorial team welcomes your news, contributions and comments. Please send your product updates, press releases, conference announcements or other contributions to ASPA: 21-Ground Floor, Devika Tower 6 Nehru Place, New Delhi 110019, India Telfax: +91 (11) 41617369 | Email: | Website: Disclaimer: The data used here are from various published and electronically available primary and secondary sources. Despite due diligence the source data may contain occasional errors. In such instances, ASPA would not be responsible for such errors.
  4. 4. purred by the rising cases of infringements, adulteration, Sforay of counterfeit products in India, Authentication Solutions Providers Association (ASPA) has joined hands with Messe Frankfurt India (MFI) to host first international authentication conference “THE AUTHENTICATION FORUM” in the country. This novel endeavor aims to raise awareness and bring together all stakeholders at a platform forum to analyze the problem of counterfeiting and provide the solutions tocombatthismenace. On this occasion, Mr. U K Gupta, President, ASPA said, “Authentication solutions curb counterfeiting, minimize black money and enhance Brand Image & Revenues of Government & Producers. Government and Brand owner's revenues, which can be used for various social and economic activities in interest of country, society and consumers. Counterfeiting is a multi-billion- dollar business today and referred as Crime of the 21st century. Even, the established link between terrorism and counterfeiting has also been exposed. In India also, it is impacting almost all the sectors. According to sources, from the counterfeiting activity the Government of India incurred a loss of INR 26,190 crores in year 2011-12 that increased to INR 39,239 crores in 2013-14, which reflects a growth of 49.8 per cent in two years. This is a serious menace and we aim to create more awareness among the government, general public and exhibitors about the problems created by counterfeiting and IPR infringement issues among others. This conference will have a positive step on our existing nationwide campaign “MAKE IN INDIA” & ASPA campaign “MAKE SURE INDIA” He further added, “Internet ingress and globalization have opened up the markets to foreign products and goods. On a flip side, this has unwittingly opened doors to duplicate and fake products, which are harmful to the health life and environment of Indian consumers. In the last ten years, most complaints in India have centered around FMCG, pesticides, tobacco, liquor, pharmaceuticals, etc. and the regulations regarding these definitely need more teeth. We aim to explore the existing scenario and find practical solutions. Consumerawarenessis keytothisinitiative.” Mr. Raj Manek, Executive Director and Board Member of Messe Frankfurt Asia Holding Ltd. said, “Counterfeiting affects the business of our customers across all sectors and we have been ASPA & MFI join hands to host the first International Authentication Conference in India Ÿ Conference to focus on authentication solutions and case studies Ÿ Discussion on how existing regulations need to be more stringentto eliminate spurious products/documents, etc. Ÿ Generate awareness amongst stakeholders for the need of fighting counterfeiting ISSUE 30 ASPA News 1
  5. 5. committed to taking steps for protection against brand and product piracy through our internationally awarded 'Messe Frankfurt against Copying' campaign. In India, we have extended this initiative to the auto and pharma sectors through our trade fairs and conferences. With 'The Authentication Forum' we intend to work closely with the industry sectors, government bodies and organisations in the field of protection of IPRs to encourage knowledge exchange and extend this initiative to all sectors impacted by counterfeits. We are proud to combine strengths with Authentication Solution Provider's Association (ASPA) and are confident that together we can bring industry stakeholders on a commonplatformfor thisendeavor.” ASPA is the only body in world representing authentication solutions providers. Messe Frankfurt has been the first trade fair organiser worldwide to launch an initiative against brand and product piracy, “Messe Frankfurt against Copying” which aims to ensure that exhibitors and visitors are fully informed and advised about the registration and assertion of intellectual property rights. Therefore, it offers an information stand at selected trade fairs within Germany and abroad. Here, experts are on hand to answer questions pertaining to the topic of intellectual property rights and adviseexhibitorson whattodo intheeventofinfringements. Messe Frankfurt works in close cooperation with official bodies and private organizations in the field of protection of intellectual property rights for all activities associated with its initiative. Thus, exhibitors and visitors are able to find out at first-hand how they can register and assert their intellectual property rights. In urgent cases, Messe Frankfurt arranges for legal support, and an on-site emergency legal service offers exhibitors free initial advice during thefairs. In India, Messe Frankfurt has been actively involved in addressing the rising concerns on counterfeit products sold in the automotive aftermarket together with the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA). Besides, Messe Frankfurt's annual Pharmasafe India conference draws attention to the factorsconcerning counterfeiting of medicines and effective initiatives,regulations,andpoliciesrequiredtocurbthismenace. The Authentication Forum conference is a part of ASPA “MAKE SURE INDIA” campaign running across India. ASPA aims to educate brand owners, government authorities and consumer about the importance of fighting counterfeiting and how authentication solutions can help in this regard. With a portfolio of 22 prestigious trade fair brands and over 35 conferences and across B2B markets of automotive, automation, lighting, technology and production, textiles, consumer goods, entertainment, media and creative industries and environment technology ASPA has found a strong partnerin Messe Frankfurt Indiatotakethisinitiativeforward. ASPA urges UP govt. for mandating authentication ASPA industry and consumer 'Make Sure India' campaign extends in Uttar Pradesh. gainst the backdrop of domestic Ae-commerce market growing exponentially with increasing number of people shopping online through smartphones, the perils of counterfeits have alsomultipliedinthesameproportion. Uttar Pradesh is one of the fastest growing e-commerce markets in North India and is estimated at INR 10 billion annually. It is projectedtotouch INR 40billionby 2020. “However, consumers have no way to verify the genuineness of products bought through e-commerce sites. The lack of awareness is making gullible people, unknowingly buy fakes at the cost of original products,” Authentication Solution Providers' Association (ASPA) president UK Guptasaid. He further said "buying fake medicines or baby food could result in serious health issues or evenloss of life." ASPA has urged the UP government for mandating use of authentication marks, such as holograms in products, before they hit the shelves or are sold online, to counter themenaceof counterfeitsandfakes. The Association has also launched its industry and consumer centric 'Make Sure India' campaign to educate brand owners about the benefits of authentication solutions to curb counterfeiting. This would ensure sale of genuine products and preservethereputationof brands. According to industry body FICCI- CASCADE, the central government had incurred a loss of INR 26,190 crore during 2011-12 due to counterfeiting. This loss increased to INR 39, 239 crore in 2013-14, ariseof almost50 percentintwo years. Meanwhile, the Association has planned to hold 'brand awareness seminars' in major industrial hubs of UP, including Lucknow, Kanpur,Allahabad,Varanasi,Agra, etc. ISSUE 30ASPA News 2
  6. 6. Jetsci, the flagship brand of Chennai- based Monotech Systems has further strengthened its global brand presence and network with participation in RosUpack held in Moscow Russia. The participation was a joint presentation with thecompany'snew RussianpartnerTerem. “High Speed Inkjet Printing applications market is on a rapid growth worldwide with the availability of the monochrome and colour inkjet printers. We are specialised in providing end to end solutions to our wide customer base through our own manufactured and integrated systems under the brand Jetsci and this association with Terem will help us in serving more customers globally.” said, Neeraj Thappa, general manager of projects at Monotech Systems. The Jetsci systems are based on printing heads produced by Konica Minolta, Kyocera. The systems can be integrated onto various systems like web offset, flexo press, slitter rewinder as well as sheet-fed machines/transports. According to the press release, 'Terem, are the leading distributor of 2D and 3D printing solutions and materials in the Russian Federation who along with Monotech successfully demonstrated the printing capabilities and flexibility of Jetsci modular digital inkjet systems at their boothatRosUpack.’ According to the agreement signed, Jetsci will be promoted, sold and integrated by Terem for monochrome variable data printing applications within Russia and CIS countries. The Jetsci solutions cater to wide range of applications like - business forms, scratch cards, holograms, security printing, packaging,pharmalabels,etc. “The solutions for variable data printing, serialisation, track and trace and for security printing has got open hands by the market and we are the first and only integrator in India with 70+ successful installations across the globe,” Thappa added. Monotech takes Jetsci to Russian shores ISSUE 30 Member News insak has launched the Usar Vmodular system for label finishing.Available in web widths from 250mm to 530mm, and the unwind is a standard 700mm. The maximum rewind is up to 450mm in twin rewind mode or 700mminsinglerewindmode. This modular machine is capable of servo register for die-cutting blank, as well as pre- printed, labels. As Vinsak also supplies magnetic cylinder adapters for using existing magnetic cylinders of flexo machines, there is no need to invest again in tooling. The machine is fully modular and can be configured as per the customer's requirement. It is independently driven and variable for both speed and tension control. This equipment is upgradable to add die-cutting, variable data printing and 100 percent inspection, adjustable splicing table with pneumatic clamps for removal of waste product. The maximum mechanical speed isupto300m/min. Vinsak launches label finishing machine anipal Technologies Ltd., a Mcompany based in Manipal, has the distinction of being the only one in Asia to print “Harry Potter and The Cursed Child” which was released worldwideonJuly 31. Apress release issued by the company here said that as with the earlier Potter titles, this book too was printed under high security and complete secrecy. Every bit of information about the book was closely guarded prior to its launch and the huge print run was turned around in record time and delivered safely for the Indian publisher,HachetteIndia. Shashi Ranjan, Vice-President and Business Head, Commercial Printing Division at MTL, said, “Harry Potter is a phenomenon and we are delighted and privileged to have been involved in the production and successful delivery of the book; especially when the focus is on Make inIndia.” Source: Manipal printing unit only one in Asia to produce the latest Harry Potter book 3
  7. 7. The central government has made it mandatory for all pharmaceutical companies to submit a self assessment and quality rating based on global standards in a bid to curb the sale of spurious andsubstandarddrugs. In a major revamp of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) under Union Health Ministry has prepared a detailed checklist for all manufacturing facilities. They will now have to comply w ith the r eq uir ements o f G ood Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) as specified underDrugs andCosmeticsRules. The checklist prepared by CDSCO also includes World Health Organisation (WHO) GMP and Pharmaceutical Inspection Convention and Pharmaceutical Inspection Cooperation Scheme (PIC/S) standards. "The tool has been devised with a view to ensure that each pharmaceutical manufacturing unit also carries out selfassessment," said Dr. G N Singh, Drugs ControllerGeneral(India). "We aim to end license raj in the country. We want to device a transparent system in which there are stricter rules and punishment. Pharmaceutical companies would be more responsible with this system and there will be an improvement in the qualityof drugs," saidDr Singh. According to government's own surveys, there are a considerable number of substandard drugs thriving in the country. In the recent surveys by CDSCO around 4.5 per cent of the drugs in the Indian market were found to be of substandard quality. According to a recent paper by the Associated Chambers of Commerce of India (ASSOCHAM), counterfeit and substandard drugs are a growing problem and estimates indicate that such drugs constitute nearly one third of all drugs sold inNationalCapitalRegion(NCR). The concentration of fake drugs manufacturers can largely be found in Bahadurgarh, Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Bhiwadi, Ballabhgarh, Sonepat, Hisar and Punjabetc,anASSOCHAM paperstated. Source:Indiatoday Indian Government directs pharmaceutical companies to self-govern on quality Direction aimed at creating more transparency and increasing the responsibility of pharmaceutical companies. ISSUE 30Policy Initiatives he human resource development Tministry of India has fast-tracked work on setting up a virtual database, under which all academic records will be available in digital format, to curb the menace of fake educational degrees and marksheets. The University Grants Commission will soon conduct a workshop in the Capital to train the authorities of centrally funded universities and institutions in creating, uploading and maintaining digital certificates on the National Academic Depository (NAD). These institutes will be coveredunderthefirstphaseof theproject. The centralised workshop in New Delhi — to be attended by vice-chancellors, directors, representatives of the Central Board of Secondary Education, the controller of examinations and other important officials — will also create awarenesson theimportanceof NAD. Besides negating the possibility of uploading fake certificates, the creation of a virtual database will benefit recruiters who want to get the credentials of applicants vetted by the universities concerned. It will also eliminate the need to physically approach the university or college for procuring attested certificates, asisthecurrentpractice. “Allowing universities and boards to upload certificates online will eliminate every possibility of malpractice. These days, many students use fake certificates procured through touts to land jobs and gain admission in colleges. That won't be possible once NAD comes into being,” said a senior official from the HRD ministry. Source: HRD ministry India goes digital to curb fake documents Academic records will be digitized to curb the menace of fake educational degrees and marksheets. 4
  8. 8. ISSUE 30 New Features and Usage China vows to tighten up food and drug legislation China's central government has pledged to step up monitoring and enforcement activity to safeguard thefoodandpharmaceuticalsupplychains. The China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) has published a wide ranging strategy document setting out its plans for the 2015-2020 period and focusing on the development of a new legal framework for food anddrugregulation. That will include further reform of the agency's oversight and approval processes, including standards setting, inspections, enforcement (including ring fenced funding) and the setting of stricter penalties for infringement of regulations. The document (in Chinese) also covers the strengthening of "grassroots" food and drug lawenforcement. Among the plans is a commitment to strip out or reform outdated laws by the end of 2018 and to have all new legislation in place by 2020. The CFDA also says it wants to involve other stakeholders in the formation of legislation, for example by i m p r o v i n g t h e p u b l i c c o m m e n t mechanisms, and move towards an 'open government' system in which transparency isthenorm,nottheexception. s part of launching a unique smart Afood safety system for Dubai emirate, Dubai Municipality (DM) signed a contract with SICPA for “Smart” inspection and traceability solution for food commodities and Halal products. The system will empower consumers to scan goods themselves to confirm their origin and relevant product information and detect potential uncertified products. The initial application phase focuses on waterbottlesandHalalproducts. “Our Food Safety Department has been at the forefront of efforts to adopt smart systems for a long time. Today, we have brought one of the world's leading companies in this field on board to help us develop a unique smart food inspection and monitoring system,” said Eng. Hussain Nasser Lootah,DirectorGeneral, DM. “Dubai aims to become the smartest city in the world. That is why our teams at our various departments strive hard to add new smart solutions to make Dubai a global model and pioneer in smart and sustainable urban living. We are hopeful that this system will be a turning point in our local and national smart food inspection and monitoring efforts,” he added, hoping that the new contract will reinforce food safety andconsumerhealthprotectioninDubai. Lootah said the solutions provided by SICPA will enable Municipality's Food Safety department to monitor and trace a wide range of products, with Halal items as the most important in this portfolio and all food products under this category will be coveredeventually. “We will start with bottled water for which we have developed an innovative solution for ensuring the safety of the water and the bottles containing them. Through this solution we will be able to trace bottled water and monitor the safety of both the container and the contents by means of smart labeling and laser engraving. This method will enable us to know how many times the bottle has been used as well as analyze different testing parameters for the water,”hesaid. Source: DM to launch "Smart" inspection and traceability solution for food and Halal products. Ateam of British scientists has developed a technique for recovering fingerprints from plastic banknotes, such as those to be introduced by the Bank of England in September. The fingerprint recovery method by L o u g h b o r o u g h U n i v e r s i t y scientists uses the so-called vacuum metal deposition technique to create a thin layer of copper on the polymer surface of the banknote. Afterwards the fingerprints can be made visible using near- i n f r a r e d i l l u m i n a t i o n . Alternatively, the researchers found, a sheet of forensic gelatine can be used to lift the fingerprints from the note. By spraying the sheet with rubeanic acid, the fingerprints can be made visible eventothenakedeye. The researchers said the finding is extremely important as current techniques used to take fingerprints from paper banknotes won't work on the polymer- based ones.According to Paul Kelly, who led the research, the technique can be used to extract fingerprints from polymer- based notes used in fraudulent activities, to examine forged items, or to link suspects to stashes of stolencash. “The use of the near-infrared illumination procedure is of Fingerprint recovery solution for plastic banknotes invented 5
  9. 9. ISSUE 30New Features and Usage M alibu, the world's 'favourite' coconut flavoured rum, has launched a new 'connected' bottle, which will be sold exclusively in UK Tesco stores from the beginning of September. The 40,000 'connected' bottles are using Near Field Communication (NFC) in what is believed to be the largest global deployment of this technology on a consumer product in alcohol. All bottles will have an accompanying neck-tag to provide the consumer with a clear explanation. He or she simply taps their NFC-enabled android phone onto a Malibu sunset image on the bottle to access content and prize draws instantly. The campaign follows exclusive research from Pernod Ricard UK² which reveals a growing trend for experiences not products. Consumers are no longer buying products and services – they are buying experiences delivered via theproductsandservices. The pioneering campaign has been developed through an on-going partnership between Malibu and creative agency SharpEnd and follows work undertaken at The ABSOLUT Company's innovation lab in Stockholm, where Absolut and Malibu collaborated on a 'connected' bottles showcase. The project has now led to the veryfirstpilotof thiskindintheUK. Embracing the technology, Malibu will be turning each bottle into a direct, digital touchpoint for consumers. Tapping the sunset logo on the Malibu bottle will open up a world of five digital #Becausesummer experiences that they can access through their mobile browser. These include: Instant-win competition; a user-generated- content competition using Google's Cloud VisionAPI for entry in a prize draw to win a holiday to Barbados; bartender in a bottle for drinks recipes; bar locator; and a music playlist. Jo Alexander, Malibu marketing manager at Pernod Ricard UK, explained, “This is part of our on-going push for Malibu in the digital space, leading the way in brand innovation by bringing this advanced technology to the forefront of the industry. We know that this will be a huge hit with consumers and we can't wait to see their reactions. This is just the beginning for this excitingnew technology.” Tomas Roope, creative lead, ZOO Google Creative Services EMEA added, "We are hugely excited about being part of bringing such a complex suite of technologies together, to build such a simple, user friendly bridge between packaging, mobile and shoppers' passion for self-expression. For us this is a really intriguing exploration of something that only a few years ago would have been prohibitively complex technically. For us this really feels right on theedgeof user retailinnovation." Rum Bottle Gets Connected with NFC particular benefit because, allied to the copper deposition, it not only allows visualisation of print, it results in significant ridge detail,” Kelly said. “The thicker the copper deposition layer, the better the contrast, even on a substrate with a patterned background – and the new polymer notes are decorated with deliberatelycomplexfeatures.” The major advantage of the technique is that the notes can potentially be released back into circulation. That's possible because the gelatine lifting procedure provides a physical record of the developmentprocess. Sporce: Fake QR code app gets hacker into luxury airport lounges for free Free airline Fast Track for all! Free lunch and booze at luxury airport lounges for all! Duty-free shopping for all! That's what a fake QR code generating app can get you, according to Przemek Jaroszewski, head of Poland's Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT). At the Defcon security conference in Las Vegas on Sunday, Jaroszewski presented the simple program that he's now used dozens of times to get into airline lounges all over Europe.TheAndroid app generates the QR codes in order to spoof a boarding pass for any name, flight number, destinationandclass. He hasn't tried it in the US yet, but as far as Europe goes, he says none of the airline lounges he's tested the app in have checked the details of that fake QR code against their own ticketing databases. All the airlines check for are that the QR codes actually exist.That means that he – or other hackers who figure out how to replicate the 500 lines of javascript he said he used to create the app – can get access to exclusive, luxury airport lounges or to buy things at duty-free shops that should require proof of internationalticket. Source: 6
  10. 10. ollard Banknote Ltd., a PWinnipeg-based company that prints the tickets used by s e v e r a l l o t t e r y c o m p a n i e s throughout North America, has prevailed in a Canadian patent battle over a technology used to make fraud-proof scratch-and-win instant lottery tickets. In a case filed by Pollard Banknote, Justice George Locke of the Federal Court of Canada has declared that the patent held by a rival lottery ticket manufacturer, Scientific Games Products (Canada) ULC, is invalid andof noeffect. Pollard Banknote has been challenging SG's patent for almost two decades, first filing a series of “protests” to the original patent application, which was filed back in 1996, and continuing with a court case to invalidate the patent, which was ultimately issued on Sept. 17, 2013. SG counter-sued, claiming Pollard Banknote's lottery ticket productsinfringedthe2013patent. It all came to a head in Toronto last May with an 11-day hearing. Justice Locke released his a 92-page decision on July 28. Justice Locke ultimately found that SG's Canadian scratch-and-win patent, No. 2,752,551, should never have been issued because the application covers technologies and methods that were already known and available to lottery printers at the time of the application. He also dismissed SG's counterclaim for infringement, finding that if SG's patent for ticket design had been valid, tickets printed by Pollard Banknote did not infringe the '551 patent.' Source: Pollard Banknote wins patent fight over scratch-and-win tickets ISSUE 30 Brief News he on-off purchase by the Kenyan Tgovernment of a 40 per cent stake in De La Rue's Kenya banknote printing operation is back on again, following a fresh agreement by the Cabinet taken at the end of last month. Plans to acquire a stake in the company have been goingonfor nearlytenyearsnow. A proposal to take a 25 per cent share was first made in 2006, and at the time would have cost £5 million. In 2011, the Kenya Treasury agreed to proceed, with an increased stake of 40 per cent, but this ran into political obstacles due to a requirement by De La Rue to be awarded a ten-year contract to produce Kenya's currency – a conditionthatwas subsequentlydropped. Successive international tenders held by the Central Bank of Kenya have been mired in political controversy. Four years ago, meanwhile, when De La Rue's contract was undergoing yet another challenge, it stated that, without the production of Kenya's banknotes, its facility in Kenya would be unviableandwouldhavetoclose. De La Rue has been printing Kenya's currency since 1966 (for the first 20 years, this was produced by Bradbury Wilkinson, which DLR acquired in 1986). The Ruaraka printworks began production in 1994 and produces passports and other security documents as well as banknotes. More recently, the company has committed itself to the future of the plant, with the announcement last year that global banknote production will be concentrated in four out of De La Rue's five existing plants (two in the UK, Sri Lanka and Kenya), with the printworks in Malta redeployed to print other security product (eg.passports). The implementation of the decision by the KenyaTreasury to takethe40 per centstake will further cement its future. The factory will produce Kenya's new currency series, designs for which were approved in 2013 but which will not go into circulation until afterthegeneralelectionnextsummer. The new notes (and coins) are required following a change in the constitution in 2010, which prohibits the use of portraits, and will see the images of the country's first President, Jomo Kenyatta, and his successor DanielarapMoi, replaced. news/ Kenya Government confirms Banknote Joint Venture with De La Rue 7
  11. 11. ISSUE 30Cover Story Milk adulteration and solutions to combat this menace Introduction: Does your child falls prey to diarrhea often? Is his growth limited despite giving proper diet and looks mal-nourished? If yes, then you are victim of adulterated fake milk, say doctors.And despite having a population of 1.25 billion there is no law in India to put an endtothismenace. “There are several other side effects of fake baby milk powder or milk, which is given to children as diet every day,” Agarwal said. However, doctors feel that packaged baby powder milk is also sometimes adulterated by the mafias, who are in the business of duplicatingmilk. “What adds to the misery of the parents and consumers is the milk made from urea and detergents, which is very harmful for the bodyofaninfantbaby,”Agarwalsaid. Agarwal also said that the packaged baby milk powder which comes in packaging is less prone to be duplicated as the companies use proper packaging of these products, “but we have seen and heard abouttheduplicityof theseproductstoo.” Doctors feel that due to adulterated or fake baby milk, diseases like stunted brain development, asthma, leukemia, diabetes, deformed reproductive organs, kidney stones, skin rashes have become commoninchildrenthesedays. These are the deadly risks being faced by millions of children in India, because of negligible laws on p o w d e r e d i n f a n t formula. What's even worse is that t h e r e a r e n o g u i d e l i n e s t o check existing d o m e s t i c a n d international brands of baby formula or even fake infant formula which are in circulationinthe Indianmarket. ScaleofProbleminIndia According to a survey conducted by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) in 2011, 68.4 per cent of milk served throughout the country was found adulterated, which itself defines the grim situation and calls for strict rules over fakeandadulteratedmilk. Mohan Singh Ahluwalia, President of Gwala Gaddi, said, “People are losing their faith in milk now. The present condition is very serious as a single person is making a brand of itself and we are against it. Our movement mainly deals with the interests of consumers and we are demanding that puremilkbeservedtopeople.” Ahluwalia further says, “Currently there is no law which deals with the standard of milk as in the government guidelines it is not clear how to achieve standards whether in a natural way or an artificial way. Thus, all the companies and dairies across the country are conducting the black business of impure milk and making huge profits; and the Government of India is a part of this conspiracywithitsmillionsof consumers.” If we look at the pattern of feeding babies in India, then traditionally, mothers here have breastfed their babies. The option of putting them on formula has been exercised only when they were unable to do so. But with changing times, resurgence of women in the mainstream as a major workforce has precipitated the need to resort to formula feeding rather than breastfeeding as the latterisamorephysicallydrainingprocess. However, experts feel that with thechanging lifestyles, young mothers prefer the ease of putting their child on formula. While his is good news for manufacturers, exports and the market, the lax laws, dodgy or negligible guidelines, bring the infants and toddlers at the receivingend. Consequences Incidents of adulterated foods, such as China milk case in 2008 have steadily increased, adding food-borne diseases, and cheap food and beverage imitations as threats to consumers and the food industry. About 10 per cent of the food we now buy is likely to be adulterated, and 7 per cent may have fraudulent ingredients. According to the US Center for Disease Control, 3,000 peoplediefromfoodpoisoningannually. Presence of hydrogenated oils, Bisphenol- A, or BPA, is a chemical that is commonly found in certain plastics, high fructose corn syrup, industrial chemical melamine, “If your child faces the problem of diarrhea and doesn't grow properly despite giving proper baby milk, then he is a victim of adulterated baby milk or milk powder,” said Dr K.N. Agarwal, a well-knownchildspecialist. 8
  12. 12. ISSUE 30 Cover Story perchlorate- a chemical found in rocket fuel, synthetic vitamins and minerals of questionable measurements have further compounded the risks faced by young children. Research indicates that manganese, a neurotoxic chemical is found in much higher concentrations in baby formula, particularly soy-based formulas, than in breast milk. Even soy-based formulas contain about 80 times as much manganese as mother's milk, while animal-based formulas contain about 30 times more. Elevated manganese levels have been linked to behavioral problems, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) later in life. Babies are not able to absorb and excrete excess manganese duringthefirstyearof life. Considering these horrifying facts, what's even worse is that even if babies die after ingesting formula, there is no law that can affix responsibility on any company. While international brands are brought into India under sketchy guidelines, there are plenty of Indian web portals who are selling imported baby formulas, without any supervision. This has further opened thedoor todanger. ProblemsatPackagingLevel Meanwhile, according to Bureau of Indian Standards, currently there is a product certification scheme that allows more than 30,000 licensees to use the ISI mark as a symbolofqualityproduct. “There are two standards on infant food products, one for infant food substitutes and other for follow cereal based food,” Gopi Nath, a scientist at the BIS said. However, when asked what steps has the BIS has taken to curb the menace of fake infant milk powder, he said there are many steps that have been defined by the FSSAI. “The FSSAI has regulated to sell these products only after getting the BIS certification,”headded. However, experts feel it's quite easy for unscrupulous manufacturers to produce fake ISI mark with the advancement in digital photo-copying machine. The increasing number of counterfeit ISI mark products has become a menace for the Government authorities and legitimate brandowners. Anti-counterfeiting technologies play an important role in guarding product safety andsocialstability. A t p r e s e n t , a n t i - c o u n t e r f e i t i n g technologies have been extensively applied to various industries, including pharmaceuticals, consumer goods, luxury handbags, clothing, cosmetics, etc. Firms deploy anti-counterfeiting technology as a strategic tool to ensure the authenticity of brandedproductsandbusiness reputations. Authentic logos, seals, and security printing can be included in packages to help indicate that the content and the package are genuine. At present, a range of anti- counterfeiting solutions– such as holograms, colourshifting inks, security labels, EPCs, electronic data interchanges, and RFID – are available to enhance product authentication and to play the trace and track role in supply chains. Many industries have incorporated advanced anti-counterfeiting solutions to enhance their brand reputation and ensure product safety. In addition to the pharmaceutical industry, food, beverage, and wine producers are constantly looking for anti- counterfeiting solutions to ensure the authenticity of their branded products and protect public safety. Here, shrink-wrapped containers embossed with three- dimensional anti-counterfeiting solutions bestow a unique pattern. Manufacturers claim that heat-shrink labels with integrated holograms help the wine and beverage industry in the fight against counterfeiting and forgery. Various newly developed anti-counterfeiting solutions have been increasingly applied to high-end products and by the drug and food industries.As a result, the cost of goods has keptrising. In 2008, a significant portion of China's milk supply was found to have been contaminated with melamine. Infant formula produced from melamine-tainted milk killed at least six children and was believed to have harmed thousands of others. Melamine is an organic base chemical, most commonly found in the form of white crystals rich in nitrogen. Melamine is widely used in plastics, adhesives, countertops, dishwareand whiteboards. In China, where adulteration has occurred, water is added to raw milk to increase its volume. As a result of this dilution the adulterated milk has a lower protein concentration. Companies using the milk for further production (e.g. of powdered infant formula) normally check the protein level through a test measuring nitrogen content. The addition of melamine increases the nitrogen content of the milk and therefore its apparent protein content. Addition of melamine into food is not approved by the FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius (food standard commission), or by any national authorities. CHINA'SMILKSCAM 9
  13. 13. ISSUE 30Cover Story Conclusion: “Managing food safety standards across a global supply chain is complex and challenging. However, steps must be taken to ensure safe and secure shipping and distribution of food products that end up in consumer's hands. To protect the 25 million babies born every year in India, it is essential to protect baby milk powders and other nutritional products from the scourge of counterfeiting. This can be achieved by securing supply chains through authentication, track-and-trace and other digital solutions, as well as by applying tamper-proof or tamper-evident physical solutions onto packaging, such as security labels and holograms. Government has a big role to play in mandating such measures in the interest of public health and safety while also generating awareness of the issue. Only by all stakeholders - industry, government, solution providers - coming together can we protect the health of the mostvulnerablemembersof oursociety.” On October 26, 2015, COVECTRA®, a privately held, international serialization, authentication, and track and trace technology services provider with offices in US and in Ireland, announced the launch of its holistic, integrated serialization-based solution for protecting infant formula from counterfeiting. This system, which was developed to meet the increasing need for brand and supply chain integrity of infant formula, particularly given the recent increase of illicit trading activity and supply chain leakage in markets such as China, also enables track & trace and diversion detection of these products through the supply chain and intothe handsofthe consumer. The principle of the solution is the application of a serialized unique barcode (QR, 2D or 1D) to the can's bottom and all levels of packaging (case and pallet) so that it can tracked through the supply chain. The serialization system consists of the following components: ® ® Ÿ AuthentiTrack database (hosted in Microsoft Azure Cloud) for generating and managing all serial numbers, including all events (e.g. scans) associated withthat barcode. Ÿ Packaging line serialization system, that uses open software architecture and Rockwell Automation technology to print and verify barcodes on each level ofpackaging. Ÿ Downstream supply chain traceability system, which can be used to track products throughout the distribution system, and to detect incidents of gray market diversion. Supply chain partners are able to re- aggregate re-worked pallets that were damaged in shipment.Consumer-friendly and highly secure authentication features which can be place on various parts ofthe can. INFANTFORMULASERIALIZATION Sources: 1. ISI mark on your milk powder may be a counterfeit, MAIL Today by Neetu Chandra. 2. 70% of milk in Delhi, country is adulterated, Times of India, adulterated/articleshow/11429910.cms 3 . B e w a r e ! T h e m i l k y o u b u y m a y n o t b e s a f e e n o u g h , adulteration-bangalore?utm_source=copy 4. Trends and Solutions in Combating Global Food Fraud, Patrick Pimentel, Food andSafetyMagazine,March2014 5. Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards (2005) Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Country Exports. Report No. 31207. 2005. Available at Last accessed1October2005 6. Milk adulteration with melamine in China: crisis and response, Quality AssuranceandSafetyofCrops &Foods ISSN1757-8361 7. Supply Chain Issues in China's Milk Adulteration Incident, International Association of Agricultural Economists' 2009 Conference, Beijing, China, August 16-22,2009 8.The2008MilkScandalRevisited,Yanzhong Huang, Forbes 9. Food adulteration: a much bigger problem than assumed, assumed/a-5778587 1 0 . Ta i n t e d m i l k : U n r a v e l l i n g C h i n a ' s m e l a m i n e s c a n d a l , china%E2%80%99s-melamine-scandal 11. Fake baby milk powder causes rethink: Bureau of Indian Standards to use high security OVD to control counterfeit milk powder, Daily Mail, milk-powder-causes-rethink-Bureau-Indian-Standards-use-high-security-OVD- control-counterfeit-milk-powder.html 12. BIS raids five companies for misusing 'ISI' mark, Economic Times, mark-drinking-water-bis-raids 13. Large quanitity of packaged water bearing fake ISI mark seized in pune, DNA, bearing-fake-isi-mark-seized-in-pune-2098864 14. BIS raids on manufacturer of Packaged drinking water with spurious bis standard mark, raids-on-manufacturer-of-Packaged-drinking-water-with-spurious-bis-standard- mark/217331 15. Goan consumers not informed about ISI mark, Times of India about-ISI-mark/articleshow/37416548.cms 16. ACaseStudyofMelamineas a CounterfeitFoodProduct AdditiveinChineseHuman and Animal Food Supply Chain Networks, Anti-Counterfeiting and Product P r o t e c t i o n P r o g r a m , h t t p : / / a - 17. 2 out of 3 Indians drink milk laced with detergent, urea andpaint, Hindustan Times, NewDelhi,Mar 17, 2016 10
  14. 14. For detailed conference details contact: Shaambhavi Pathak | Tel: +91 11 6676 2388 | For Sponsorship & Branding Opportunities: Chander S Jeena | Tel: +91-9818971116 | Akansha Royal | Tel: +91 11 6676 2382 | Abhimanyu Gupta | Tel: +91 11 6676 2383 | | | 2017 Leadership Summit for Anti-Counterfeiting and Brand Protection Leadership Summit for Anti-Counterfeiting and Brand Protection Brief Introduction about conference Domestic as well as International Counterfeiting of goods has increased manifold in size and scope in the last decade, being increasingly controlled by organized criminal networks. Counterfeit now poses a threat to businesses, adversely impacting revenues as well as brand credibility, besides jeopardizing consumer interests. Smuggling and counterfeit of goods in India has cost an estimated loss of INR 39, 239 crore to the government in 2014. (Source: FICCI) The Authentication Forum aims to provide an opportunity to leaders from across industries and sectors to look at the huge business and consumer impacts of counterfeit goods and discuss effective strategies and to combat the same. The 2 day high level conference will bring together 150 delegates and eminent Speakers from a cross-section of industries/sectors including pharmaceuticals, automotive components, FMCG, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, personal care, electronic appliances and others, besides experts from leading authentication technology and solutions providers, consultants, government, regulatory and law enforcement authorities and agencies to discuss and deliberate upon the pertinent issues in counterfeiting and the role played by latest innovations and advances in Authentication solutions in combating these challenges. The purpose of the Forum is to develop a collective understanding of the scope of the problem of counterfeiting, identifying the right authentication solutions, available regulations and preventive measures from Government agencies, besides generating ideas for co-operation and synergy between different stakeholders to effectively control product counterfeiting. Organised by Who would attend? — Brand Protection, enforcement, security, integrity and management companies — Industries – pharmaceuticals, automotive components, FMCG, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, personal care, electronic appliances — Labelling companies and packaging converters — Suppliers of security substrates authentication technologies and serialization technologies — Anti-counterfeiting and IP organizations — Government officials — Revenue agencies and Issuing authorities — Customs and excise officials — Regulatory agencies — Law enforcement agencies — Investigative services — Academicians ISSUE 30
  15. 15. R R R Q Q Q Questions asked in the Indian Parliament Steps taken by Government to curb the menace of counterfeit currencyinIndia? To check the menace of counterfeiting of banknotes, The Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Home Affairs, Reserve Bank of India, Security and IntelligenceAgencies of the Centre and States are working in tandem to thwart the illegal activities related to Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN). An FICN Coordination Group (FCORD) has been formed in the Ministry of Home Affairs to share the intelligence/information amongst different security agencies of States/Centre to counter the menace of agencies to effect more seizures. The issue has also been raised in international multilateral fora constantly. RBI has also initiated several measures for generating public awareness, conducting training programs for employees/officers of banks and streamlining the process of reporting and detection of counterfeit notes. Further, in order to stay ahead of the counterfeiters, Government has recently introduced revised numbering pattern in all denominations of banknotes. RBI has issued press release in this regardonJune 25, 2015. Government in consultation with RBI, has also initiated the process of procurement of upgraded/new security features for a new series of banknotes. RBI has issued a PQB for supply of SecurityFeaturesfor Indianbanknoteson June 19,2015. In order to increase the life of banknotes, Government has decided in consultation with RBI to conduct a field trial of plastic banknotes in denominations of Rs. 10 at five locations of the country. BRBNMPL has accordingly issued PQB notice inApril 2016 for procurement of substrate for printing banknotes plastic substrate. Whether the Government is aware that 30 per cent of the licences are fake and there is no computerized data of the licences issued by the concerned departments; if so, whether the Government has conducted any survey to identify the actual number of fake licencesacross thecountry? The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways does not maintain centralised data regarding fake licences. However, as per an analysis done in January, 2015 on National Register for Driving Licences by National Informatics Centre (NIC), it was found that there is a possibility of duplicate licences. As on 5th January, 2015, out of total 6,70,16,851 driving licences records available, 16,72,138 records were found to be possible duplicates spread over 7,99,923 clusters. The percentage of probable duplicates stands at 2.5 percent as per this exercise. This information has beensharedwithrespectivestatesfor furtheraction. Whether the Government has issued any directions/guidelines to the State Governments to review the list of Public Distribution System (PDS) beneficiaries and ration cards to eliminate fake ration cards and ineligible beneficiaries; if so, the details thereof indicating the number of beneficiaries/cards as on date and the number of cards cancelled and beneficiaries excluded during the last one year along with the subsidy saved as a result thereof, State-wise; whether some States have been unsuccessful in following these guidelines and if so, the details thereof and reasons thereforandtheremedialmeasurestakeninthisregard; (d) whether the Government proposes to issue biometric ration cards, if so, the details thereof and the time by which it is likely to beimplemented;and (e) whether the Government has linked/ proposes to link PDS with Direct Benefit Transfer and if so, the quantum of food subsidy savedas aresultthereof? Public Distribution System (Control) Order, 2001 and Targeted Public Distribution System (Control) Order, 2015, stipulate that State/UT Governments are required to review the lists of beneficiaries every year for the purpose of deletion of ineligible families and inclusion of eligible families. State/UT Governments have been requested from time to time to carry out drives for reviewing the list of beneficiaries under TPDS. The exercise of deletion of bogus/ineligible cards and inclusion of eligible families is a continuous process and State/UT Governments are to periodically carry out the same. As per the information received from State/UT Governments the total 1060, Dated: 22nd July 2016 Counterfeit Currency/Finance Ministry 1870, Dated: 28-July-2016 Fake Licence/ Ministry of Transport 1517, Dated: 26-July-2016 Fake Ration Cards/ Ministry of Consumer Affairs 12 ISSUE 30Question in Parliament
  16. 16. number of ration cards as on 12.07.2016 are 24,01,61,531. As per the information received from State/UT Governments, a State-wise statement showing the number of de- duplicated/ghost/ ineligible/ fake/forged ration cards deleted by the State/UT Governments in year 2015 is at Annex. Detection and deletion of de-duplicated/ghost/ ineligible/fake/forged cards does not mean reduction in allocation and savings in subsidy but results in selection of deserving beneficiaries and issuance of ration cards to them leadingtobettertargetingofsubsidy. (d): No, However, the guideline for FPS automation has been shared with all States/UTs which involves installation of Point of Sale (PoS) device at FPS inter-alia for authentication of beneficiaries through biometric details. (e): It is upto the State/UT Governments to opt for Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) under which subsidy component will be credited to bank accounts of beneficiaries who are free to buy foodgrains from anywhere in the market to ensure their foodgrains entitlement. For taking up this model, pre-requisites for the States/UTs are complete digitization of beneficiary data and seeding bank account details of beneficiaries with AADHAAR. The scheme has been implemented on pilot basis in UTs of Chandigarh and Puducherry w.e.f. 1st September, 2015 and Dadra & Nagar Haveli w.e.f. 1st March, 2016. An amount equivalent to 1.25 times of Minimum Support Price of concerned foodgrain minus Central Issue Price iscreditedas foodsubsidy inthehousehold's account. RQ(a) Whether more than 30 men were caught entering Delhi airport withfaketicketsinjust14months; (b) If so, thedetailsthereof; (c) Whether the CISF has demanded that PNR readers need to be installedatthegatetocheckillegalentry;and (d) If so, thestepstakenbytheGovernmentinthisregard? a) & (b): During the last 14 months CISF have detected 34 cases of persons gaining entry into the terminal building at IGI airport, Delhi. The persons caught were handed over to Delhi Police for further legal action in the matter. (c) & (d): CISF have requested for uniform format in e-tickets together with bar coding on the same and bar code reader at departure entry gates to prevent use of fake e-tickets. Further, Bureau of Civil Aviation have issued instructions to the airport operators to install 2 D bar code scanner. QUESTION NO:911, ANSWERED ON: 21.07.2016 Passengers with Fake Tickets at Delhi Airport, Minister of Civil Aviation 13 ISSUE 30 Question in Parliament
  17. 17. Counterfeit Seizure Report D-M-Y News Reported Sector Region Reported in Media 11-June-2016 Three held with Rs.3 Lakhs in fake currency Currency Mumbai The Indian Express 13-June-2016 Ray-Ban converts India website into e-commerce Fashion New Delhi The Economic Times platform to curb fakes 17-June-2016 Raigarh Police busts inter-state gang dealing in Currency Raigarh, The Times of India fake currency Chhattisgarh 06-June-2016 Two arrested in fake certificates racket bust Certificates Telangana The Indian Express 19-June-2016 Fake education certificates: Gang busted in Mohali Certificates Punjab, Mohali The Indian Express 25-June-2016 India may introduce coding system to check sale of Medicine International Business fake medicines Times 05-July-2016 India to seek US help to stop fake Indian currency Currency New Delhi The Economic Times notes from Pakistan 02-Aug-2016 9 Govt. teachers to be booked in fake-documents case Document Bareilly, The Times of India Uttar Pradesh 02-Aug-2016 Govt. cancels over 2 crore fake ration cards in India Document Mumbai Zeebiz 2-Aug-2016 Racket selling fake Aadhaar cards busted, three arrested Documents Mumbai The Indian Express 05-Aug-2016 4 Tibetans held with fake Korean passports at IGI Passport New Delhi The Times of India 11-Aug-2016 20 PhD degrees issued by BU fake Documents Bhopal Times of India 16-Aug-2016 Fake education certificate racket busted Documents New Delhi Times of India 22-Aug-2016 How fake documents helped cover up Documents Mumbai Mid-Day Hiranandani kidney racket 22-Aug-2016 Fake heavy driving licences scam: DTO gave Document Jalandhar Hindustan Times ‘unsigned’ letter to police for probe 23-Aug-2016 Shop owner held for selling fake spare parts Auto Parts New Delhi Business Standard 24-Aug-2016 Man arrested with Rs 2 Lakh in fake notes Currency Ahmedabad Times of India 27-Aug-2016 Fake Aadhaar troubles passport officials in city Documents Visakapatnam Times of India 28-Aug-2016 Fake BIS label; Some drinking water units Food Kerala The Hindu fake the public out Packaging 29-Aug-2016 Fake education certificate racket busted Document Hyderabad The Hans India 29-Aug-2016 Fake certificate racket busted, six held Documents Hyderabad The Hindu 29-Aug-2016 Fake ration cards being issued using Documents New Delhi Press Trust of India genuine Aadhaar numbers 14 ISSUE 30Counterfeit Seizure Report
  18. 18. ISSUE 30 UrjitPatel appointednew RBI Governor The government has appointed Dr Urjit Patel to replace Shri Raghuram Rajan as the RBI governor. Urjit Patel will take charge on September 4, 2016, the day Raghuram Rajan completes his three-year term. Rajan had announced in June that he would step down in September and return to academia after a single three-year term at the RBI. Patel has been known as 'inflation warrior' ofRajanandwillbetheeighthDeputyGovernor tobemadeGovernor at RBI. “TheAppointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of Dr. Urjit R. Patel as Governor, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for a period of three years w.e.f. 04.09.2016.The appointment has been made based on the recommendation of the Financial Sector Regulatory AppointmentsSearchCommittee(FSRASC) headedbyCabinetSecretary. Prior to his appointment as the Deputy Governor at RBI in 2013, Patel was advisor (Energy and Infrastructure) with Boston Consulting Group, while he has also worked with Reliance Industries in the past. He has worked with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) between 1990 and1995coveringthe US,India,BahamasandMyanmardesks. Shri Patel has a doctorate in economics from Yale University. He did his M Phil. in Economics from Oxford University in 1986 and B.Sc. (Economics) from University of London in 1984 . He headed a committee that paved the way for the proposed monetary policy committee. He is consideredas thearchitectofaswitchtoformallytargetinflation,amongotherchanges. Patel joined the Central Bank on January 11, 2013, months before Raghuram Rajan took charge asthegovernor,andhadbeenheadingthemonetarypolicydepartment. PraveenGarg appointed CMD, SPMCIL Shri Praveen Garg, IAS, Joint Secretary (FM), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance,hastakenoveras CMD, SPMCILwitheffectfromJuly 12, 2016 as additionalcharge. AKSrivastav appointedDirector-Technical, SPMCIL The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has approved the proposal of the Department of Economic Affairs for appointment of Shri A.K. Srivastav, General Manager, India Government Mint, Mumbai, a unit of Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited (SPMCIL) as Director (Technical), Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited with effect from the date of his assumption of charge till the date of his superannuation or untilfurtherorders, whicheverisearlier. AliRaza Rizvi appointedJointSecretary- Department of Commerce Shri Ali Raza Rizvi IAS (Himanchal Pradesh 1988) has been appointed as Joint Secretary, Department of Commerce on lateral shift basis, from the date of assumption of the charge of the post, for the balance period of his overall five year central deputation tenure upto September 30, 2019oruntilfurtherorders, whicheverisearlier. Arun Kochar appointedExciseCommissioner, Madhya Pradesh The government has also appointedArun Kochar (1994 batch) as excise commissioner from his present position of secretary, Lokayukta. He replaced Rakesh Shrivastava (1993 batch) who has beenappointedas managingdirectorofMandiBoard. RishirajSingh isnew ExciseCommissioner, KERALA Indrajit Coomaraswamy new Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Indrajit Coomaraswamy, veteran economist, is the new Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL). Dr. Coomaraswamy succeeds Arjuna Mahendran, whose tenure, marked by controversiesontheissuanceof bonds, cametoanendinJuly2016. New Appointments 15
  19. 19. Socio-Economic Impact of Illicit Trade Capacity Building Programme 15th July 2016, National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics (NACEN) Faridabad ICCI CASCADE (Committee FA g a i n s t S m u g g l i n g a n d C o u n t e r f e i t i n g A c t i v i t i e s Destroying the Economy) in association with the National Academy of Customs, Excise and Narcotics, (NACEN) organized a capacity building programme on the 'Socio-Economic Impact of Illicit Trade' on July 15, that NACEN, Faridabad. The objective was to sensitize trainee officers of the Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise) on the ill effects of illicit trade, with special focus on the menace of smuggling, on the economyandon thesocietyas awhole. Ms. Reena Arya (IRS), Additional Director General, NACEN, the Chief Guest at the programme, in her welcome remarks, statedthatillicittradewas a global problem of enormous scale, impacting human lives and virtually every industry sector around the world. India was no exception, suffering significant economic and health & safety consequences as a result of widespread smuggling and counterfeiting in the country. Ms. Arya lauded FICCI CASCADE's initiative of sensitizing IRS probationersandstatedthat that this capacity building programme was opportune as FICCI was India's premier trade body and the trainee officers would be the future economic guardians of the country. Mr. P.C. Jha, Advisor, FICCI CASCADE and Ex-Chairman, Central Board of Excise and Customs gave a detailed overview on the Socio-Economic Impact of Illicit Trade. In his presentation Mr. Jha highlighted F I C C I C A S C A D E's initiatives to curb smuggling and counterfeiting through various awareness programmes engaging industry, policy makers, law enforcement officials, voluntary organizations, the youth and consumers at large. He added that that one of FICCI CASCADE's mandates was capacity building of law enforcement agencies including for Judges, Police and Customs Officers, and CASCADE had been working extensively in this area n a t i o n a l l y, o rg a n i z i n g t r a i n i n g programmes and seminars along with continuous interactions with the law enforcement authorities to emphasize on the importance of continued awareness and seriousness of theimpactof illicitgoods. Dr. John Joseph, Principal Additional Director General, Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (HQ), in his presentation, emphasized the importance of mutual 16 ISSUE 30From FICCI CASCADE
  20. 20. ISSUE 30 cooperation with international agencies to address the issue of illicit trade and smuggling. Dr. Joseph highlighted that illicit trade bypasses all controls comprisingquality,priceandrevenue. The capacity building programme was also addressed by Dr. Alka Chawla, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Delhi and Advisor, FICCI Intellectual Property E d u c a t i o n C e n t r e , w h o g a v e a comprehensive overview on the scope and rights of enforcement in matters relating to economic offences. Ms. Rosanna M. Vetticad, Associate Director, Thought Arbitrage Research Institute (TARI) took the probationers through facts and figures of the extent of the losses caused by illicit trade to government and industry. She also explained the correlation of grey market operations and tax arbitrage which were causing a huge dent to the nation's exchequer. The programme further accentuated how smuggling was increasingly becoming a hugely lucrative business, with criminals relying on the continued high demand for cheap goods coupled with low production and distribution costs. The illegal activities related to smuggling take advantage of unaware consumers and bargain-hunters, exploiting people's appetites for brands or simply their financial situation. The criminal networks behind this operated across national borders in activities that include the manufacture, export, import and distribution of illicit goods. Illicit trading activities affected everyone, with Governments, businesses and society being robbed of tax revenue, business income and jobs. The markets when flooded with such goods created an enormous drain on the global economy by creating an underground trade that deprived Governments of revenue for vital public services and imposed greater burdens on taxpayers. Subsequently, representatives from three leading industry organizations, Capt. Shakil Ahmed, General Manager, Brand Protection, USL-DIAGEO, Mr. Syed Mahmood Ahmad, Director, the Tobacco Institute of India and Mr. Pankaj Kalra, Country Manager - Customer Experience & Quality, Hewlett Packard Enterprise India Pvt. Ltd shared their insights on how their industry were handling issues related to smuggling. They also interacted actively with the officers on the ways and means to counterthisthreat. Some of the key issues discussed are as follows: 1. Developing local intelligence is key to address the challenges related to smuggling. 2. Coordinated and serious enforcement is one of the best ways to counter illegal trade inindustry. 1. Deterrence has to be created for effective enforcement. 2. Spurious products posed a threat to health and safety due to the conditions under which they were manufactured and thelackof regulationoftheircontents. 3. Industry to create and invest in a variety of brand protection measures and anti- counterfeitprograms. 4. Industry should be committed to working with law enforcement to deter any andallattackson itsproductsandbrand. 5. Cigarettes are among the world's most illegally traded products. In India, illegal cigarette trade is one fifth of total cigarette industry. Smuggled and contraband cigarettes not only obstruct country's economic development but also undermine government'shealthpolicy. Mr. Dipankar Barkakati, Additional Director, FICCI proposed the Vote of Thanks. The capacity building programme was attended by over 80 officers of Indian Revenue Service (Customs and Central Excise)inday-longinteractiveevent. Upcoming Events Date EVENT PLACE WEBSITE 19-21 October, 2016* Smart Card Expo New Delhi, India 17-20 November, 2016* Label Expo New Delhi, India 20-23 November 2016 African Currency Forum Sharm El-Sheikh 29-30 November 2016 The Holography Conference Warsaw, Poland conference/ 5-7 December 2016 High Security Printing Asia, Singapore 15-17 December, 2016* International Pack Tech India Mumbai, India 28-31 December, 2016* Wine and Spirit Show 2016” Kolkata Email: 30 January-1 February 2017 Tax Stamp Forum Berlin, Germany forum/ 8-9 February 2017 The Authentication Forum New Delhi - NCR 27-29 March 2017 High Security Printing Europe Baku, Azerbaijan From FICCI CASCADE 17
  21. 21. Global Patents – Anti Counterfeiting 28.07.2016 20160216248 NANOWIRE FUNCTIONALIZED FIBERS AND FABRICS G01N 33/36 15007473 Cornell University / Juan P. Hinestroza Brief Abstract: Provided are nanowire- coated fibers and compositions comprising one or more nanowire-coated fibers and methods of making the fibers and compositions. The fibers can be organic or inorganic fibers. The nanowires can be metallic or semiconducting nanowires. The nanowires are disposed on at least a portion of a surface of a fiber or fibers. The fibers and compositions can be used as barcodes (e.g., for anti-counterfeiting methods). The fibers and compositions also can be used as photodetectors (e.g., methods of detecting electromagneticradiation). 14.07.2016 2 0 1 6 0 2 0 2 6 0 6 C O R E - S H E L L NANOPARTICLES, METHODS OF MAKING SAME, AND USES OF SAME G03F 7/004 14916018 THE RESEARH FOUNDATION FOR THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK / Paras N. Prasad Brief Abstract: Provided are core-shell nanoparticles and methods of making and using the nanoparticles. The nanoparticles comprise a core comprising hexagonal phase p-NaYbF4 doped with Tm and shell comprising NaYF4, NaLuF4, or NaGdF4. The core-shell nanoparticles can be used to up convert near infrared light to UV or visible blue light, which can polymerize photo polymeriz able materials. The core- shell nanoparticles can be used in applications such as, for example, photolithography applications, photo patterning applications, fabrication of polymer coatings, medical applications, dental applications, and anti-counterfeiting applications. 13.07.2016 3041794 CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES, METHODS OF MAKING SAME, AND USES OF SAMEG02B 27/22 14842836 LUMENCO LLC / RAYMOND MARK A Brief Abstract: A visual display assembly adapted for use as an anti-counterfeiting device on paper currency, product labels, and other objects. The assembly includes a film of transparent material including a first surface including an array of lenses and a second surface opposite the first surface. The assembly also includes a printed image proximate to the second surface. The printed image includes pixels of frames of one or more images interlaced relative to two orthogonal axes. The lenses of the array are nested in a plurality of parallel rows, and adjacent ones of the lenses in columns of the array are aligned to be in a single one of the rows with no offset of lenses in adjacent columns/rows. The lenses may be round-based lenses or are square-based lenses, and the lenses may be provided at 200 lenses per inch (LPI) or a higher LPI inbothdirections. 10.07.2016 0002590538 PROTECTIVE FIBRE, FORGERY-PROTECTED PAPER CONTAINING PROTECTIVE FIBRE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF D02G 3/44 2013136524/05 САН Ксианлин (CN) Brief Abstract: FIELD: textile and paper. SUBSTANCE: invention relates to counterfeit protection and concerns anti- counterfeiting fibre (1), an anti- counterfeiting paper containing anti- counterfeiting fibre and a method of making same. Anti-counterfeiting fibre is a slice (4) or part of a slice cut along cross- section (3) of strip-shaped fibre (2), wherein strip-shaped fibre comprises a specific structure along length direction p r o v i d i n g a n t i - c o u n t e r f e i t i n g characteristics. EFFECT: structures made using principles of present method have better orientation compared to existing structures of making protective fibres during paper manufacture and can create more unique optical characteristics. 27 cl, 135dwg, 13 ex 07.07.2016 20160194507 Quantum Dot Ink Formulation for Heat Transfer Printing Applications C09D 11/12 15069671 Nanoco Technologies Ltd. / Nathalie Gresty Brief Abstract: A method of heat transfer printing using quantum dots is described. The method can be used to form an image using quantum dots on a substrate that is not easily printed using conventional printing techniques. Also described is a quantum dot ink formulation for heat transfer printing. The methods and m a t e r i a l s c a n b e u s e d f o r a n t i - counterfeitingapplications. Global Patents The section displays a selection of patents related to the anti-counterfeiting industry. The current report is for period July and August 2016. Readers canviewmoresimilarpatentsat 18 ISSUE 30
  22. 22. e always compare our business Wfacilities with those in developed nations but we underestimate the factors that provide equal opportunities to each and every business entity irrespective of their jurisdiction. Intellectual Property Rights is one of those factors which give such privilege where you have the same rights as of a citizen of other nation irrespective of any other condition of territorial limitations. However, we seldom utilize that privilege and never bother to protect our own Intellect Property (IP) before doingbusiness whetherin Indiaorabroad. IP can be a potential business tool which can play a major role in appreciation of a business worth. Organizations generally do not recognize or understand the role of the IP variants [patents, trademarks, designs, geographical indications, copyrights etc.] and hence they generally do not incorporate these variants in their balance sheets. As per S&P 500 Market Value Report, 2015, it is noteworthy that world's 500 fortune companies worth are majorly contributed by Intellectual Property Asset and that amounts to 84 per cent of their company's valuation. The said figure may be surprising for any or major percentage of Indian entities where an Intellectual Property Asset is either non-existent, and when available, does not find any place in their balance sheet. Indeed it is an alarming situation and a high time to think upon these valuable business tools for business growth. Creating and protecting of an IP asset does not depend on good or bad business environment of a nation but it depends on knowledge, vision, and hunger of an individual business entity. All these three attributes make a difference and give you your position in business world. In past 2 years, Government of India has taken various policy steps and launched various schemes viz. Make In India, Startup India, A tal I nnovation M ission, S kill Development Yojna and many other industry oriented schemes to catalyze the indigenous innovations and business growth. Now, in this internet era, we can easily gather detailed knowledge about these schemes and correlate with our innovations that will surely enhance our broader vision and charge our hunger for growth. To utilize and to act as a real business tool, IP demands a continuous, phase wise investment for at least 2-4 years and there after they will play a real and crucial role in developing and creating worth for your business entity. Here, one may take note from various case studies of other entities. While investing on IPs never let the idea that 'they are cost to the company' eclipse you, rather remember that these are investments for the company that will surely convert into an asset rather the liability. Saving cost many times ends up intocreatingliabilitiesratherthanassets. The ideal way to utilize these untouched IP variants as your business tool is to first identify the existing IPs within the firm and then look around for your competitors, big players, and foreign entities. Knowing others' IPs is not a big deal in a current era that will certainly assist you in visualizing a broader perspective of your current and future business challenges and ultimately give you a hunger for reaping best out of the best. There is no need to 're-invent the wheel' but to identify the loop hole in the latest. And, this is the real mantra of doing business with IPs asabusiness tool. Author: Lalit Ambastha is founder of Patentwire, an Independent Patent & Technology Consulting Firm. He is Patent Attorney in India and is specializing in the area of Intellectual Property. He can be reached at Intellectual Property as a Business Tool PATENTS | DESIGNS | TRADEMARKS | COPYRIGHT | LICENSING | LITIGATION SUPPORT W I R E Patentwire hand holds you through the journey from innovation to a successful commercialization. The professionalism and practices followed at Patentwire are oriented towards "Quality Work Well in Time" PATENTWIRE CONSULTANTS PVT. LTD. B-10, Ground Floor, Vishwakarma Colony M.B. Road, New Delhi-110044, India Tel: +91-11-26360036; Fax: +91-11-26360037 Email: 19 Business ToolISSUE 30