REDD READINESS ACTIVITIES INKENYAALFRED N. GICHUKenya Forest Servicealfredgichu@email@example.comBENEDICT OMONDIbomondi@firstname.lastname@example.org
CONTENTSCountry ProfileForestry sector ProfileKey Drivers of Deforestation& Forest DegradationProposed InterventionsReadiness Activities and Progress made so farREDD Management StructureKey Challenges
Kenya Country ProfileKenya measures 582,650 sq. KmHas a population of about 40 million people.Over 70% of Pop. depend on agriculture for their social and economiclivelihoodOnly 20% of the country is classified as arable; 80% is classified as aridand semi-arid areas.More than 70% of the national energy demand is derived from fuelwoodThe national forest cover stands at 5.9% with an annual deforestation rateestimated at 12,000 ha per annum.There is a new forest legislation (Forests Act 2005) that requires all forestssubscribe to sustainable forest management regardless of ownership.
The Forest sector in KenyaThe main forest types in Kenya, Natural high forests Dryland forests referred to as woodlands and Forest plantations Most of the forests (97.8%) are either state owned or managed by local authorities, only 2.3 % private forests exist Kenya is estimated to be emitting 14.4 million tonnes of CO2 per year from deforestation activities or roughly about 52,000 ha per year.
Kenya’s Forest Profile Coast North Eastern Ewaso North Eastern Nairobi Central Highlands Mau North Rift Western Nyanza
Key drivers for deforestation and forestdegradation in KenyaSeveral socio-economic factors contribute to Kenya’s loss of forest: Pressure for expansion of agricultural land, settlement and development, Unsustainable utilization of forest resources, High dependence on wood energy for lighting and domestic consumption especially charcoal Overgrazing and Forest Fires, Institutional failures arising from weak governance structures, inadequate capacity to enforce the law and lack of real stakeholder participation forest management.
Proposed interventions1. Strict protection of water catchment forests Mt. Elgon and Cherangany, Aberdare, Mt. Kenya, Mau Complex2. improved stoves & other energy conservation technologies3. Promotion of nature based micro enterprises4. Institutional strengthening to enhance sustainable management5. Public education and awareness6. Improvement on fire monitoring and management7. Provision of incentives, particularly payment for environmental services and tax holidays / tax rebates8. Incentives to promote efficiency in forest resource utilization9. Supporting afforestation and reforestation to reduce the current national timber deficit
REDD readiness activities in KenyaReadiness activities required to support REDDD implementation after 2012, A national implementation strategy Establishment of reference emission Scenario An effective monitoring system to assess performance. Kenya Forest Service has been designated as the REDD Focal point for coordination of National REDD Readiness activities.
Progress Made on REDD Kenya with support from the FCPF has started the process of preparing a readiness package through a multi-stakeholder, multi-institutional process. A Participation Agreement between GOK and PC signed A Grant Agreement between GOK and WB has been signed to support development of the Readiness Plan Proposal (RPP). A multi-sectoral REDD- Technical Working Group established Process of establishing a Steering Committee initiated Process of formulating the REDD Preparation Proposal that will inform the other phases initiated. A consultation and participation plan developed and its implementation has commenced.
Kenya REDD+ Management structureKenya has established a functional multi stakeholderTechnical Working Group (TWG)The TWG is divided into three sub groups Consultation and Participation subgroup Methodology subgroup Policy and Institutional SubgroupA REDD+ secretariat exists within the KFSKenya is in the process of forming a national REDD+steering committee
Tasks for the Sub-Groups Policy and Institutional Issues Development of national REDD Strategy, including identification of drivers of deforestation and degradation; Institutional dimensions of REDD: national, regional and local-level institutions; legal framework; governance dimensions, benefit-sharing mechanisms, land tenure, etc. Methodology - Reference Scenario ,Monitoring, Reporting ,Verification system, Biomass estimation Consultation and Participation - National dialogue, including participation of civil society and the private sector ,elaboration of a national consultation, participation and outreach plan; identification of participatory mechanisms.
Key challenges1. Forest assessments to establish an emission reference scenario1. Establishing a monitoring system for emissions, emission reductions -Forest resource assessments and monitoring and verification of carbon stocks2. Generating synergies in support of REDD activities across the stakeholder spectrum3. Enlisting formal support across the government to facilitate and entrench cross-sectoral collaboration.