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Meybeck gitz climate-smart-agriculture_fs_cc_10_june_2011


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Meybeck gitz climate-smart-agriculture_fs_cc_10_june_2011

  1. 1. Climate Smart Agriculture :way forward for Food Security in a changing climate Alexandre Meybeck y Vincent Gitz FAOSide event to UNFCCC Bonn June 10th 2011
  2. 2. A triple Challenge• More food, in quantity, quality and diversity, everywhere for everyone y, y y• Ad t to Climate Change Adapt t Cli t Ch• Contribute to mitigate Climate Change
  3. 3. Two ways to adapt• Getting more resilient to variability• Getting prepared to long term changes h
  4. 4. Two ways to mitigate• Reduce emissions per kg of output (decorrelate production growth and emissions growth) i i th)• Enhance agricultural soil carbons sinks
  5. 5. Efficiency Efficient & resilient Food Systems Resilience
  6. 6. Rain water harvesting Zaï pits
  7. 7. Nutrient managementBangladesh
  8. 8. Conservation Agriculture Ghana
  9. 9. Genetic resourcesLima: International Potato Center
  10. 10. Relationship between greenhouse gas emissions and output per cow 12.00 PastoralGHG systems 10.00 kg CO2-eq. per kg FPCM 8.00 k 6.00 4.00 Intensive systems C 2.00 0.00 Milk 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 7,000 8,000 9,000 Output per cow, kg FPCM per year
  11. 11. Biodigestors Cambodia C b di
  12. 12. Resilience in livestock systems
  13. 13. Crop- Crop-Livestock SystemsLearning from Shinyanga,Tanzania: Restoring 500,000ha of degraded grasslands to higher productivity by adapting traditional Ngitili agro-pastoral management
  14. 14. Grassland & rangeland management g g Tunisia
  15. 15. Agroforestry
  16. 16. Reduce food losses Metallic silos in Afghanistan
  17. 17. Manage risks• monitoring• vulnerability assessment• identification of (ex-ante) damage reduction measures d ti• early action• Reparation of losses to productive assets
  18. 18. Enabling farmers to change Change of practice
  19. 19. Main points• Food Security• Importance of adaptation of f d f g agriculture• Necessary increase of production to be taken into account in NAMAs• NAMAs to include carbon sinks (Ag)• Specificity of agriculture, small holders, holders to be taken into account in financial mechanism
  20. 20. FAO’s submissions• Towards a Work program on Agriculture, a submission to the AWG-LCA by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(submitted 14 May 2010)• A submission to UNFCCC Secretariat on approaches to address losses and damages in agriculture, forestry and fisheries in answer to the invitation of article 28 of Decision FCCC/AWGLCA/2010/L 7 (submitted 21 February 2011) FCCC/AWGLCA/2010/L.7• A submission to UNFCCC Secretariat on NAMAs in answer to the invitation of article 82 of Decision FCCC/AWGLCA/2010/L.7 (submitted 21 February 2011)• A submission to UNFCCC Secretariat on non market based mechanisms to enhance mitigation actions (submitted 21 February 2011)• Climate Change and Food Security in the Context of the Cancun Agreements (submitted 23 March 2011)
  21. 21. Link Food Security & Climate Change in international Fora• CFS has requested a study to HLPE on Food Security & Climate Change• Climate negotiations have to include Food Security concerns