L verchot introduction to ec bioenergy project


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L verchot introduction to ec bioenergy project

  1. 1. 6/9/2011 1 THINKING beyond the canopy Bioenergy, sustainability and trade- offs: can we avoid deforestation while promoting bioenergy? THINKING beyond the canopy Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Joanneum Research (JR), Austria Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), South Africa Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) Partners
  2. 2. 6/9/2011 2 THINKING beyond the canopy Drivers of the biofuel boom Energy (in)security & high cost of fossil fuels [95% of the global energy consumption from fossil fuels; global energy consumption to increase 57% by 2030]. Mitigating global warming by reducing GHG emissions [biofuels can be significantly “cleaner” than fossil fuels – depending on land cover, feedstock, technology] National and regional commitments to promote biofuels [some national governments in industrialized countries adopted adopting blending targets and subsidies] THINKING beyond the canopy Several expected impacts Demand cannot be met in consumer countries, thus new plantations of biofuel feedstocks required in the South Documented impacts on forests & livelihoods are: •Deforestation with resulting carbon emissions attributed to biofuel feedstocks expansion •Loss of customary land rights to developers, with relatively little benefits for involved local people •Several indirect effects (e.g. competition with food crops, push to marginal lands, indirect deforestation) Economic, institutional and ecological factors influence on the impacts and potential of biofuel development
  3. 3. 6/9/2011 3 THINKING beyond the canopy Overall objective: sustainable bioenergy development that… • Benefits local people in developing countries; • Minimizes negative impacts on local environment and rural livelihoods; and • Contributes to global climate change mitigation. Specific objective: To produce and communicate policy relevant analyses that can inform governments, corporate and civil society decision-making related to bioenergy development and its effects on forests and livelihoods Project objectives THINKING beyond the canopy Work packages 1. Assessment of social and environmental impacts of bioenergy development 2. Assessment of potential of forest-based bioenergy for climate change mitigation 3. Analysis of legal and institutional frameworks and market-based mechanisms for sustainable bioenergy 4. Analysis of opportunities for forest-based bioenergy production that benefits local people in developing countries 5. Analysis of potential impacts of changes in bioenergy technology and finance on forests and local livelihoods 6. Policy-science dialogue to promote sustainable and equitable bioenergy
  4. 4. 6/9/2011 4 THINKING beyond the canopy Focus of this side event Present and discuss results for carbon stock changes from specific case studies and new carbon accounting approaches Two presentations (25’ each followed by 5’ of Q&A): Implications of biodiesel-induced land-use changes for CO2 emissions: Case studies in tropical America, Africa and Southeast Asia Wouter Achten, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium Carbon accounting options for bioenergy: descriptions, evaluations and implications Neil Bird, Joanneum Research (JR), Austria A space for discussion of 25 minutes THINKING beyond the canopy www.cifor.cgiar.orgwww.cifor.cgiar.org