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  1. 1. 1/29/2010 Emerging lessons from the Ground with REDD- REDD- Readiness FPP presentation to the Chatham House and Rights and Resources Initiative Third Dialogue on Forests, Governance and Climate Change Friday 22nd January 2010 Chatham House, 10 St James’s Square, London Questions to be addressed • What are governments and international climate funds doing to improve forest governance, address tenure and promote rights? • Will climate policies in developed countries promote forest governance and other forest sector reforms in tropical forests? 1
  2. 2. 1/29/2010 Who is doing REDD readiness? World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) – 37 countries: 5 RPPs submitted (2 approved with recommendations – despite failure to meet required safeguards and other shortcomings) UN REDD Programme – 9 countries (6 countries with readiness programme approved by Policy Board) bilateral initiatives and regional forest and carbon funds private sector and NGO voluntary initiatives Information blockage Consultations are not reaching indigenous peoples and vulnerable forest communities (e.g. Nepal, Thailand, DRC, Nicaragua) “the grass roots know nothing about the (REDD) issue” (COICA, December 2009) “There is a need to bring more information to the community level – we have 17 different indigenous peoples and proper consultation will take time” (CAPI, Paraguay) 2
  3. 3. 1/29/2010 rushed and delayed consultations RPPs submitted with little or no consultation with rights holders in forests (e.g., Indonesia, Suriname, Panama) info bias on potential ‘benefits’, with minimal attention to risks/costs (e.g. Panama, Mexico) No information on problems with offsets and carbon markets info is not tailored to community needs readiness funds like the World Bank FCPF are postponing consultation requirements (delay in triggering safeguards) incorrect assumptions are being made in readiness plans without community consultation (e.g. Guyana R-PP definition R- of “Amerindian lands”) there are questions marks over claims of “best practice” consultation e.g. UNREDD in DRC No mechanisms for free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) no practical measures yet in place to implement FPIC (Guyana, Vietnam, DRC) Indigenous peoples are being encouraged to “support” or agree to REDD and carbon markets without adequate information – violating FPIC tendency to focus on a few prominent leaders and umbrella organisations (e.g. Panama) Indigenous peoples are challenging government claims that they “support” REDD and carbon trading (Colombia, Panama, Guatemala) 3
  4. 4. 1/29/2010 Weak plans to clarify and respect land and carbon rights international human rights obligations (including property rights) have not been built into initial readiness planning (e.g., Indonesia - CERD) there may be commitments to rights on paper, but not in practice (e.g. Nepal and ILO Convention 169) few proposals for robust measures to clarify tenure, respect customary rights and tackle underlying causes confusion remains over World Bank due diligence for readiness grants – what about international obligations commitment in FCPF Charter? Business as usual? reluctance among governments to accept the need for forest sector and policy/legal reforms States are asserting ownership over forests and carbon (e.g. Suriname and Indonesia) planned reforms focus on facilitation of the carbon market and setting up systems to monitor carbon Territorial claims and calls for resolution of land rights issues being sidelined (e.g. Peru, Suriname, Guyana) 4
  5. 5. 1/29/2010 Traditional livelihoods still targeted rotational agriculture is still blamed as being a major driver of deforestation (January 2010, draft R-PP, Suriname) R- mixed messages on potential livelihood impacts (e.g. Guyana) no discussion of rules, criteria and definitions – yet these are central to potential rights and livelihood impacts sketchy information on benefit-sharing benefit- arrangements (What about FPIC?) FPI Voluntary initiatives Carbon cowboys seeking fraudulent contracts with indigenous peoples (e.g. Colombian Amazon) Intimidation and violence against community leaders – being pressured to sell carbon rights in forests (e.g. PNG) Displacement and restrictions on communities (e.g. Kenya) Voluntary standards (implementation and verification problems and not binding!) 5
  6. 6. 1/29/2010 Some improvements… Paraguay (after complaints): a delay in the REDD readiness process until indigenous peoples are able to make informed inputs and decisions Indonesia: (after complaints) government has recently entered into dialogue with indigenous organisations on land and customary rights Guyana has committed (on paper) to use UNDRIP as a guide to REDD design and implementation (but what this means in practice is unclear) unclear) UNREDD is working with indigenous organisations in Indonesia to develop FPIC mechanism Key lessons (1) Implementation mechanisms are required to put rights- rights-based approaches, safeguards and guidelines into practice Forest and climate funds and initiatives need to pay much closer attention to fulfilment of rights commitments in due diligence e.g. FCPF Charter More effective measures, resources and incentives are needed to ensure meaningful consultation, respect for rights and equitable benefits (C/B, FPIC, governance reforms, land tenure work etc): 6
  7. 7. 1/29/2010 Key lessons (2) Measures and actions required include: FPIC mechanisms, including independent verification Provision of capacity building and more balanced information Bodies to clarify and secure land and territorial rights Legal framework analysis and plan for forest sector and related reforms Mechanisms to put international obligations and standards into practice e.g. UNDRIP Robust mechanisms for rights and risks assessments Information sources: Country updates on REDD from members of International Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Climate Change (IIPFCC Preparatory meeting for COP15, December 2009) Draft country Readiness proposals FPP field work REDD related scientific and advocacy literature 7
  8. 8. 1/29/2010 Thank you 8