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Field intro unfccc & redd plus


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REDD Negotiator Training Workshop, Bangkok 2009

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Field intro unfccc & redd plus

  1. 1. Introduction to the negotiations<br />Bangkok, October 2009<br />
  2. 2. Practical issues<br />
  3. 3. Practical issues<br />
  4. 4. Practical issues<br />
  5. 5. Practical issues<br />
  6. 6. Practical issues<br />
  7. 7. Negotiating groups <br />G77 and China<br />Least Developed Countries (LDC) Group<br />Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)<br />European Union (EU)<br />Umbrella Group: group of non-EU developed countries and eg Kazakhstan<br />Environmental Integrity Group: includes Mexico, Republic of Korea, Switzerland<br />
  8. 8. UN regional groups<br />African countries;<br />Asian countries;<br />Eastern European countries, <br />Latin American and the Caribbean countries; and<br />Western European and Other countries<br />
  9. 9. Copenhagen, 7-18 December 2009<br />Fifteenth Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP15)/Fifth Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 5)<br /><ul><li>New commitments for developed countries after 2012 under the Kyoto Protocol
  10. 10. Agreement on strengthened implementation and cooperation for Parties to the UNFCCC</li></li></ul><li>Negotiating bodies<br />COP (UNFCCC) & CMP (Kyoto Protocol) <br />Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI)<br />Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA)<br />AWG-LCA<br />AWG-KP<br />
  11. 11. The negotiations<br /><ul><li>Ad hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under Convention (AWG-LCA)
  12. 12. Bali Action Plan
  13. 13. Ad hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Protocol (AWG-KP)</li></li></ul><li>Background <br />Developed countries seeking closer links between AWG-LCA & AWG-KP<br />Developing countries emphasise keeping AWG-LCA and AWG-KP separate, not expanding mandates, and focusing on implementation in AWG-LCA<br />
  14. 14. Background cont.<br />AWG-LCA:<br /><ul><li> ‘Shared vision’ – long term reduction goal/s
  15. 15. Mitigation by developed countries </li></li></ul><li>Background cont.<br />AWG-LCA:<br /><ul><li> Mitigation by developing countries:
  16. 16. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)
  17. 17. Proposals for NAMA registry and matching NAMAs with financing</li></li></ul><li>Background cont.<br />AWG-LCA:<br /><ul><li>Adaptation - financing, special attention to SIDS & LDCs
  18. 18. Financing, technology transfer, capacity building – key issues, including financing for REDD-plus</li></li></ul><li>Background cont.<br />AWG-LCA:<br /><ul><li> ‘Measurable, reportable and verifiable’ (MRV)
  19. 19. Commitments and actions by developed countries;
  20. 20. Actions by developing countries (no reference to ‘commitments’ for developing countries); and
  21. 21. technology, financing and capacity-building </li></li></ul><li>REDD-plus<br />Proposal led by Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica at COP 11 in 2005<br />Concerns about technical challenges, eg monitoring, leakage, but strong political interest from broad range of countries<br />
  22. 22. Bali 2007 – COP 13<br />Two decisions:<br />Bali Action Plan (Decision 1/CP.13), paragraph 1(b)(iii)<br /><ul><li>‘…reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries’</li></li></ul><li>Bali 2007 – COP 13 cont.<br />Decision 2/CP.13 on REDD. <br /><ul><li>Capacity-building, technical assistance, mobilising resources
  23. 23. Demonstration activities & indicative guidance 
  24. 24. SBSTA programme of work on methodological issues
  25. 25. Draft decision for adoption at COP 15. </li></li></ul><li>SBSTA 29 in Poznan<br />Methodological guidance, without prejudice to COP decision<br />REDD becomes ‘REDD-plus’<br />
  26. 26. SBSTA 30, June 2009, Bonn <br /><ul><li>Draft decision for COP 15
  27. 27. Expert meeting on reference emission levels and reference levels (Bonn March 2009)
  28. 28. Report on costs of implementing methodologies and monitoring</li></li></ul><li>AWG-LCA <br />Questions:<br />Scope of REDD-plus <br />MRV<br />Market or fund?<br />Should REDD-plus be a NAMA?<br />How should REDD and ‘plus’ be treated?<br />What needs to be decided in Copenhagen?<br />
  29. 29. AWG-KP<br /><ul><li> Land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF)
  30. 30. Emissions trading; Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
  31. 31. Should Annex I countries be able to rely on REDD-plus to reach their targets?</li></li></ul><li>Non-papers<br />References to REDD and related issues in for example<br /><ul><li>Cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions
  32. 32. Shared vision
  33. 33. Economic and social consequences of response measures </li></li></ul><li>Protocol & amendment proposals<br />Proposals for protocols and amendments - 6 month deadline 17 June.<br /><ul><li> Protocol proposals, e.g. Australia, Tuvalu
  34. 34. Amendment proposals, e.g. Japan, Papua New Guinea</li></li></ul><li>Legal format<br />Legal architecture options include:<br /><ul><li>Amendments to the Kyoto Protocol
  35. 35. A new protocol or protocols
  36. 36. And/or COP/CMP decisions (not legally binding)</li></li></ul><li>REDD-plus in Copenhagen <br />A central part of a possible deal in Copenhagen<br />Many questions will need further work after Copenhagen<br />
  37. 37. Thank you<br />