Addressing social and environmental safeguards   and ensuring multiple benefits in Ecuador                            Caro...
Ecuador’s Background
Ecuador’s Background                 • Ecuador is one of the 17 mega diverse                   countries                 •...
REDD+ context in Ecuador• Managing forests and climate change is a competency of the  Ministry of Environment• REDD+ as an...
Why is it important to ensure        safeguards?
Cancun SafeguardsWhen undertaking the activities referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision,the following safeguards sho...
The importance of ensuring multiplebenefits  • Ecuador has a great potential to ensure additional benefits      • Mega div...
REDD+ National Program                                                     Sustainable                                    ...
Addressing social and environmentalsafeguards and ensuring co-benefits in              Ecuador
REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards               in Ecuador             • Social and environmental safeguards to mit...
Implementation of REDD+ SES in Ecuador                NATIONAL INTERPRETATION                • Workshops with CSO and IPs ...
REDD+ National Program                                                     Sustainable                                    ...
Using UN-REDD tools in Ecuador               Joint National Document (JND) approved at the 6th                UN-REDD Pol...
Addressing safeguards                 Decision 1/CP.16 UNFCCC                                               REDD+ SES     ...
Going beyond safeguards throughREDD+ SES and UN-REDD toolsExamples of multiple benefits                                   ...
Towards an information system forsafeguards in Ecuador                       Information system for safeguards            ...
Challenges       Need to scale down the instruments       developed at the international level     Complementarities betwe...
Thank you for your attention!            Prepared by          Aurélie Lhumeau    alhumeau@ambiente.gob.ec                 ...
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2011 06-05 presentation side event ecuador final

  1. 1. Addressing social and environmental safeguards and ensuring multiple benefits in Ecuador Carola Borja Undersecretary of Climate Change – Ministry of Environment Bonn, June 7, 2011
  2. 2. Ecuador’s Background
  3. 3. Ecuador’s Background • Ecuador is one of the 17 mega diverse countries • 14 different indigenous nationalities • Approximately 10 million hectares of forests • Deforestation rate: 61.764 ha/year (MAE 2011) • Reduce deforestation rate is a national priority
  4. 4. REDD+ context in Ecuador• Managing forests and climate change is a competency of the Ministry of Environment• REDD+ as an alternative to comply with both national objectives: – Reducing deforestation rate – Mitigating climate change• Development of the National REDD+ Program as part of the Readiness phase• Implementing safeguards and promoting multiple benefits is key to implement REDD+ and ensure long term sustainability
  5. 5. Why is it important to ensure safeguards?
  6. 6. Cancun SafeguardsWhen undertaking the activities referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision,the following safeguards should be promoted and supported: (a) That actions complement or are consistent with the objectives of national forest programmes and relevant international conventions and agreements (b) Transparent and effective national forest governance structures, taking into account national legislation and sovereignty (c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous peoples and members of local communities, by taking into account relevant international obligations, national circumstances and laws, and noting that the United Nations General Assembly has adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (d) The full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders, in particular indigenous peoples and local communities, in the actions referred to in paragraphs 70 and 72 of this decision e) That actions are consistent with the conservation of natural forests and biological diversity, ensuring that the actions referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision are not used for the conversion of natural forests, but are instead used to incentivize the protection and conservation of natural forests and their ecosystem services, and to enhance other social and environmental benefits (f) Actions to address the risks of reversals (g) Actions to reduce displacement of emissions
  7. 7. The importance of ensuring multiplebenefits • Ecuador has a great potential to ensure additional benefits • Mega diverse country • Multi cultural country • REDD+ is more than a mechanism to mitigate climate change • In addition to securing carbon, REDD+ can deliver social and environmental multiple benefits • For the Ministry it is high priority that REDD+ activities deliver both: social and environmental benefits in the short & long terms • “High Quality “REDD+ Mechanism • Safeguards must be addressed to ensure long term sustainability of the mechanism
  8. 8. REDD+ National Program Sustainable Management Conservation National (Socio Forest Reference of Forests Bosque) Inventory Level of Emissions by Deforestation Incentive SFM Deforestation Base Line GHG MRV System Based Policies Components of Monitoring System Ecuador´s National National REDD+ Strategy REDD+ Program Competence On going Forestry of MoE activities Land Tenure Control Competence Regularization of Others Planed activities Reforestation Cross cutting & Aforestation issuesLegal, financial & Institutional Framework Cross-sectoral Planning Financial Sustainability Management of timber demand Social & Environmental co-benefits Stakeholder Engagement
  9. 9. Addressing social and environmentalsafeguards and ensuring co-benefits in Ecuador
  10. 10. REDD+ Social and Environmental Standards in Ecuador • Social and environmental safeguards to mitigate risks • Generate significant social and environmental co-benefits • REDD+ Program performance REDD+ SES • Mechanism for reporting on how safeguards are addressed • Development of a bench-mark of good practice guide (principles, criteria and indicators) Phase 1 • Consultations workshops • National Interpretation • Pilot implementation in Ecuador Phase 2 • Evaluation
  11. 11. Implementation of REDD+ SES in Ecuador NATIONAL INTERPRETATION • Workshops with CSO and IPs • Public consultation process • Processing of comments by the facilitation team and revision by the Ministry’s legal department • Establishment of the National Standards Committee IMPLEMENTATION • Develop a monitoring plan: type and source of information to report on standards • Consultancy to identify information needed to report on Standards in Ecuador • Piloting in Socio Bosque • Scaling up to the National REDD+ Strategy EVALUATION • Final report • Assessment of indicators
  12. 12. REDD+ National Program Sustainable Management National Forest Reference of Forests Socio Bosque Inventory Level of Emissions by Deforestation Incentive Socio Deforestation Base Line GHG MRV System Based Policies Manejo Components of Monitoring System Ecuador´s National National REDD+ Strategy REDD+ Program Competence On going Forestry of MoE activities Land Tenure Control Competence Regularization of Others Planed activities Reforestation Cross cutting & Aforestation issues Elements covered by REDD+ SESLegal, financial & Institutional Framework Cross-sectoral Planning Financial Sustainability Management of timber demand Social & Environmental co-benefits Stakeholder Engagement
  13. 13. Using UN-REDD tools in Ecuador  Joint National Document (JND) approved at the 6th UN-REDD Policy Board in March 2011  Voluntary tools to address safeguards and ensure multiple benefits  Planned activities in the JND Multiple benefits enhancement strategy • Identify social and • Define and implement environmental benefits mechanisms to enhance (UNEP-WCMC) multiple benefits • Define a monitoring • Develop and implement a system MRV multiple benefit monitoring system • Apply REDD+ SES harmonized Multiple benefits with UN-REDD tools monitoring system
  14. 14. Addressing safeguards Decision 1/CP.16 UNFCCC REDD+ SES UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria(a) That actions complement or are consistent with the Principle 4: The REDD+ program contributes to broader Principle 3-Policy coherence: The programme contributesobjectives of national forest programmes and relevant sustainable development, respect and protection of to a low-carbon, climate resilient and environmentallyinternational conventions and agreements; human rights and good governance objectives sound development policy, consistent with commitments under international conventions and agreements(b) Transparent and effective national forest governance Principle 4: The REDD+ program contributes to broader Principle 1 – Democratic governance: the programmestructures, taking into account national legislation and sustainable development, respect and protection of complies with standards of democratic governancesovereignty; human rights and good governance objectives Principle 8: The REDD+ program complies wih local applicable and national laws and international treaties, conventions and other instruments(c) Respect for the knowledge and rights of indigenous Principle 3: The REDD+ program improves long-term Principle 2 – Stakeholder livelihoods: The programmepeoples and members of local communities, by taking into livelihood security and well-being of Indigenous Peoples carefully assesses potential adverse impacts onaccount relevant international obligations, national and local communities with special attention to the most stakeholders long-term livelihoods and mitigates effectscircumstances and laws, and noting that the United vulnerable where appropriateNations General Assembly has adopted the UnitedNations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;(d) The full and effective participation of relevant Principle 6: All relevant rights holders and stakeholders Principle 1 – Democratic governance: the programmestakeholders, in particular indigenous peoples and local participate fully and effectively in the REDD+ program complies with standards of democratic governancecommunities, in the actions referred to in paragraphs 70and 72 of this decision;e) That actions are consistent with the conservation of Principle 5: The REDD+ program maintains and enhances Principle 4 – Protect and conserve natural forests: thenatural forests and biological diversity, ensuring that the biodiversity and ecosystem services programme protects natural forests from degradation oractions referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision are not conversion to other land uses including plantation forestsused for the conversion of natural forests, but are instead Principle 5 – Maintain and enhance multiple functions ofused to incentivize the protection and conservation of forest: The programme increases benefits deliverdnatural forests and their ecosystem services, and to through ecosystem services and biodiversity conservationenhance other social and environmental benefits; Principle 6 – Minimise indirect adverse impacts on ecosystem services and biodiversity(f) Actions to address the risks of reversals; NA Principle 3-Policy coherence: The programme contributes to a low-carbon, climate resilient and environmentally sound development policy, consistent with commitments under international conventions and agreements(g) Actions to reduce displacement of emissions Principle 5: The REDD+ program maintains and enhances Principle 6 – Minimise indirect adverse impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services ecosystem services and biodiversity
  15. 15. Going beyond safeguards throughREDD+ SES and UN-REDD toolsExamples of multiple benefits Gain Address Promote biodiversity Equitable gender and respect of and sharing of well-being human enhance REDD+ issues rights ecosystem benefits services REDD+ sustainability Prioritization of areas for REDD+ activities Cross-sectoral planning and harmonization of policies Livelihoods sustainability
  16. 16. Towards an information system forsafeguards in Ecuador Information system for safeguards REDD+ SES UN-REDD Social and environmental Governance indicators Social and Environmental Specific monitoring information Principles and Criteria Samples JND Multiple benefits MRV system Other benefits from forests beyond carbon
  17. 17. Challenges Need to scale down the instruments developed at the international level Complementarities between SES and UN- REDD safeguards and implications for implementation at a country level Develop a monitoring system for governance safeguards as part of the MRV system
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention! Prepared by Aurélie Lhumeau alhumeau@ambiente.gob.ec And Daniela Carrión dcarrion@ambiente.gob.ec

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