SISCo Study Tour PPP Scan 27 10-10

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SISCo Study Tour PPP Scan 27 10-10

  1. 1. John Dagevos Woensdrecht, 27th of October 2010 Sisco study tour The use of the PPPscan in the Aviolanda case
  2. 2. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Contents of presentation  Introduction on Telos  Telos’vision on sustainable development  ToDo & PPPscan  The Aviolanda Case
  3. 3. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Telos: Who we are?  Brabant Centre for Sustainable Development (1999)  Interdisciplinary knowledge institute for sustainable development  Network organisation (PNB, TU, TUe, PON) What we do?  Construction of integrated concepts of SD  Developing methods for monitoring SD  Facilitating SD innovations and transitions  Stimulating communication and debate about SD
  4. 4. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Sustainable development  Renewed attention after the Brundtland report (1987) “Sustainable development meets the need of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”  Roughly two types of approaches can be distinguished - anthropocentric: the human needs are the starting point. The protection and the preservation of the environment is considered as a necessary contribution to human welfare - fysiocentric: the protection and preservation of the environment is the starting point without considering human needs
  5. 5. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Operationalising the concept of sustainable development The Telos approach  We follow Brundtland’s broad anthropocentric perspective. Sustainable development is a development process which demands balance at at least three levels:  Between the ecological capital (planet), the social-cultural capital (people) and the economic capital (profit).  In time: intergenerational solidarity  In space: spatial solidarity  All capitals are of equal importance: therefore we use an equilateral triangle as a trademark
  6. 6. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos A model consisting of capitals, stocks, requirements, indicators and norms The Telos triangle Ecological capital Socio-cultural capital Economic capital
  7. 7. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Conceptual Framework Stock 1 theorieën Stock 3 Stock 2Capital Science theorieëntheories Requirements/goals Stakeholders
  8. 8. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Stocks Ecological capital Nature Soil Groundwater Surface Water Air Landscape Minerals Socio-cultural capital Citizenship/participation Solidarity/social cohesion Security Housing & Living Cond. Health Education Art and Cultural heritage Economic capital Labour Capital Goods Spatial conditions Economic Structure Knowledge Raw materials
  9. 9. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos For each stock we have formulated requirements or long term goals: together they form a common dream how a sustainable society should look like These requirements:  indicate the long term goals  show what is relevant  are based on scientific research and policy documents  reflect the ideas of the stakeholders and citizens  are based on exhaustive discussions with society via interviews and meetings with stakeholders, citizen panels etc. The most important achievement is that we have developed a common language to talk about Sustainable Development
  10. 10. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Some examples of requirements per stock Nature  Increase area covered by linked nature reserves.  Increase biodiversity (species diversity of flora and fauna) Solidarity/social cohesion.  Prevention of poverty.  Prevention of exclusion. Citizens may express their identity as long as it does not restrict other people’s freedom to do so. Labour  Increase in employment  Reduction in unemployment  Raise skill levels of the workforce  Improvement in working conditions
  11. 11. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Some ingredients for sustainable thinking  Sustainability is not a static concept.  Renewal and adaptation is constantly needed  Constant interaction is needed between governmental authorities at different levels, business community, non governmental organisations and social movements  No sustainable development without friction;  Between different interests  Between old and new thinking (fixed rules, routines, within the strict sectoral and spatial boundaries, narrowly defined administrative frameworks)  It needs integral thinking  It asks for enthusiasm, creativity, unorthodox solutions, positive thinking: Innovation
  12. 12. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Applications of the conceptual framework  Sustainability Balance Sheet: used for ex-post monitoring of the development of a specific region from the perspective of sustainability: focus on the factual fulfillment of each of the requirements (monitoring system with more than 120 indicators)  ToDo & PPPscan: methodology and web based tool for ex-ante evaluation of the expected contribution of projects and policies to the sustainable development of a region  Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility
  13. 13. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos ToDO: framework for sustainability assessment  Ex-ante evaluation in the process of projectdevelopment and policymaking: as early as possible in the process.  Two steps: • Quick scan • A more thorough research (if necessary) after the quick scan has been carried out  In the quick scan we want to get answers on the following questions:  Is the project or the policyproposal expected to have influence on the fulfilment of the requirements or long termgoals as defined in the Telos approach?  Is this influence positive, negative or neutral in the end?  Do the expected effects give reason for a more thorough research?  Is adaptation or even stopping of the project required or can one go on without changing the project or proposal?
  14. 14. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Many Hardly any RealisationIdea Process of planning Possible alternatives Why an ex-ante assessment?
  15. 15. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  16. 16. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos PPPscan: webtool for carrying out the ToDO- quick scan  Developed together with the Province of North Brabant and the BMF  With financial support of some sponsors  Practical tool for supporting the policy making process  In the format of a webapplication (freeware): www.pppscan.org  As a ‘Structured checklist’  Gives no absolute outcome: provides information about strengths and weaknesses of projects
  17. 17. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos How to use the PPPscan? • Two types of use:  As an individual  As a group - homogeneous group: no representatives of specific interests - heterogeneous group: with representatives of differents interests which can be related to the 3 P’s  Everybody is asked to fill in the scan: to score to what extent the stocks and the related requirements are expected to be influenced by the project or proposal  If wanted one can add a comment or a motivation or even some suggestions for improving the project
  18. 18. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  19. 19. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  20. 20. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  21. 21. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Results  At the level of a stock: one gets an insigth in the expected positive or negative effects of the project on the fulfilment of the requirements  At the level of the capitals: is there a balanced development or not?  Distribution of answers/results: consensus or not?  Differences between interestgroups or not?
  22. 22. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Casus: Aviolanda Woensdrecht
  23. 23. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Casus: Aviolanda Woensdrecht Aviolanda Woensdrecht is a spatial development based on sustainability and built up from the 3P’s: People, Planet, Profit. In the search of the stakeholders representatives of each P have been asked to join the process. Early in the process the different stakeholders were invited to join and develop a mutual gains agenda. Later in the process the outcome has been subject of an assessment with the help of the PPPscan Telos has been asked to give an expert judgement on the outcome of the process
  24. 24. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Casus: Aviolanda Woensdrecht People Planet Profit ROC West-Brabant Brabantse Milieufederatie Fokker / Stork Dorpsplatform Hoogerheide Benegora BOM Province of North Brabant Province of North Brabant Province of North Brabant Dorpsplatform Huijbergen Brabants Landschap REWIN NV Municipalities Municipalities Municipalities Namiro Ministry of Economic Affairs BZW ZLTO ZLTO Defensie Defensie Defensie
  25. 25. Key elements of the Aviolanda Agenda (1) • Ecological capital  Broadening and strengthening of the ecological connection zones  Reconstruction of the Kooisloot (valley)  Creation of possibilities for the free movement of the fauna in the region (ecoducten, wild life passages etc.)  Measures for noisereduction (relocation of noise causing installations, reducing of the number of test run spots)  Creation of fens and the reconstruction and repair of cultural heritage values: bringing back and strengthening of the small scale landscape structure  Sustainable building as leading principle for the build environment  Generating of sustainable energy Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  26. 26. Key elements of the Aviolanda Agenda (2) Social capital  Noise reduction  Strengthening of the educational infrastructure (Aviation Academy)  Creation of work and reduction of unemployment  Creation of a number of joint facilities for international guests and local citizens in order to promote social cohesion  Promoting of the participation of local stakeholders in the decision making process  Enlarging the possibilities for the building of new houses  Strengthening public transport Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  27. 27. Key elements of the Aviolanda Agenda (3) • Economic Capital  Creation of work and new business opportunities  Focus in the economic structure on maintenance, repair and overhaul  Strengthening of the connection between the educational infrastructure and the business community via the Aviation Academy  Restructuring and redevelopment of old industrial sites Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  28. 28. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos (Distribution of) Results of the assessment per Stock
  29. 29. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Overall view
  30. 30. Final remarks (1)  MGA and sustainability as defined byTelos fit together as the two sides of a coin.  A sound interest and stakeholder analysis beforhand: representation of all the interests and stakes is crucial  Invest in communication. This is a two sided process: transmitting and receiving, listening and understanding  Be aware of the fact that representatives of stakeholders don’t always have the full mandate an that communicationprocesses inside stakeholders are not always organised very well Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  31. 31. Final remarks (2)  Use the PPPscan as a process tool not as a measurement tool  Focus on the things you have in common/on the things you agree upon, not on the things you divide  Ensure there is a suitable project leader: an expert with authority Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos
  32. 32. Woensdrecht, 27th of October John Dagevos Thank you for your attention and patience!

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