Engagement of and support to the third sector to take action on                         climate change    Scope of paper  ...
networks interested in areas such as children‟s rights (see Annex A for details of thirdsector). Categorisation can also b...
•      development (tailored, ongoing support development support and              advice that deepens with progression)  ...
Group, Equalities and Human Rights Coalition and Policy Events on BuildingResilient Communities. The Development Officers ...
the needs of entire third sector, particular non - environmental groups wanting to takeaction to explore links with core a...
Engagement and Behaviour ChangeThe Climate ChangeEngagement Strategy is identified in Welsh Government‟sAnnual Report as t...
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Cyflwyniad gan Jess McQuade yn ystod cyfarfod y Comisiwn Cymru ar y Newid yn yr Hinsawdd ar 1 Hydref 2012. Presentation by Jess McQuade at the meeting of the Climate Change Commission for Wales on 1st October 2012.

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Cyflwyniad gan Jess McQuade yn ystod cyfarfod y Comisiwn Cymru ar y Newid yn yr Hinsawdd ar 1 Hydref 2012. Presentation by Jess McQuade at the meeting of the Climate Change Commission for Wales on 1st October 2012.

  1. 1. Engagement of and support to the third sector to take action on climate change Scope of paper This paper provides a briefanalysis of the support available in Wales for the third sectorto take action on climate change, in particular the support for non-engaged, non-environmental organisations. The aim of this analysis is to informthe Commissionabout WCVA‟s experience in this area1, the issues identified and recommendations for next steps. WCVA asks the Commissionto consider the issues and support further analysis2 to feed into the Climate Change Commission‟s Annual Report. Third sector and climate change The third sector has a crucial role to play in tackling climate change.Third sector organisations and groups need to understand what these impacts will be, how they will impact on the people and communities they support and consider what needs to be done to address these impacts. The third sector needsto be supported to do this. The sector then needs to be supported in taking suitable actions. Areas of action include:• Develop the infrastructure and social capitol that supports behaviour change and sustainable living• Support behaviour change in way that clearly links to the issues the beneficiariesand communities already care about as trusted intermediaries• Protect or support it‟s beneficiaries to cope with the changing weather patterns and extreme events• Reduceorganisational carbon footprint contributing to Wales 3% reduction target• Campaign for a more sustainable future, including consideration of social justice issues within policy and support There is huge potential for the third sector to tackle climate change, both in the size of the sector and its breadth in areas of interest. The variety of the third sector ranges from local community groups active in climate change e.g. Transition groups, groups of volunteers supporting energy reduction, through to national organisations and 1 includes work with Climate Change Leadership Group, events held across Wales, evidence/research reports, work with networks and engagement with other key stakeholders 2 Further analysis could include Round Table Discussion with key stakeholders to be held in November supported by Commissioner and Commission secretariat; additional mapping of support provided by agencies across Wales 1
  2. 2. networks interested in areas such as children‟s rights (see Annex A for details of thirdsector). Categorisation can also be made as “communities of interest” (organisationsacting on a particular area of interest, for example older peoples‟ welfare) and“communities of place”(organisations working with a place based focus e.g. CVCs,development trusts, Communities 1st).The scale of challenge of climate change requires that all areas of the third sector areall engaged and supported to take action, not just environmentalorganisations workingin their local area. It is particularly important that the organisations which support thegroups most vulnerable to climate change are engaged in order to help facilitate a justtransition to a low carbon Wales and ensure that the already disadvantaged are notdisproportionately impacted.Scale of action in third sectorEnvironmental organisations in the third sector are already doing a lot of work totackle the impacts of climate change and mitigating future damage. There arehowever, no comprehensive figures on the scale of this activity in Wales.WCVAfiguresidentify 33,087 organisations, branches or groups in the third sector(July 2012). Of these, 1,637 are classed as having an interest in the environment(biodiversity, conservation, sustainable development). This is approximately 4% ofthe third sector.This highlights the large scale of potential activity on climate changewithin the third sector fornon-engaged, non-environmental organisations.It is not clear how from our categorisation many of these environmental organisationsare taking action on climate change or how many non-environmental organisationsare also taking action. WCVA is unable to identify alternative sources of thisinformation although there are pockets which hold relevant information. For example,local infrastructure organisations (CVCs), national resources (Welsh Government/Environment Wales/Ground Work/Cynnal) andprojects (Pathfinders). There are alsosome local projects whichhave already mapped activities which offer an insight towhat could be achieved. E.g. Cardiff Transition‟s Sustainable Cardiff maphttp://cardifftransition.com/mappingRecommendation 1. Work with agencies to identify the scale of action across the third sector via collating existing sources of information and identifying where further data collection is required.Support for action on climate changeGeneric support for the third sector to take action can be classified as including: • information (meaningful and accessible) • capacity building and training • networking • grants/funding 2
  3. 3. • development (tailored, ongoing support development support and advice that deepens with progression) • voice (local and national)This range of support needs to be available for the thirdsector to access at the pointwhen it‟s needed for any givenorganisation‟sparticular journey.This should includenon-engaged, non-environmentalorganisationswanting to know how they can takefirst steps to tackling climate changethrough to environmentalorganisationsundertaking complex behaviour change projects.Meaningful engagement for non-engaged and non-environmental organisationsResearch by the Green Alliance, „New Times New Connections‟ identified thatfor those third sector organisations that are interested in climate change, many are atthe very initial stages of understanding what climate change means for them andfinding ways to support that process is vital. This needs to be meaningfulengagement -not just greening their approach (reducing carbon) but also identifyingthe intrinsic links between their motivations for doing so and their core work.Their identified success factors for meaningful engagement and action by third sectoron climate change are::The research suggests that umbrella organisations are ideally placed to jump startthe process of organisations understanding the relevance of climate change to theirwork. They can make the links betweenclimate change and core missions andengage their members with the impacts and opportunities in the context of issuesthey care about and in a language that resonates. In light of their potential to cascademobilisation, any support for organisations in understanding the relevance of climatechange to different issues should prioritise umbrella bodies.There are a number of models of meaningful engagement that would be replicated.NCVO Vulnerable Groups project; Cynnal Cyrmus work with arts and communitycouncils umbrella organisations; WCVA‟s work with the Climate Change Leadership 3
  4. 4. Group, Equalities and Human Rights Coalition and Policy Events on BuildingResilient Communities. The Development Officers of the Supporting SustainableLiving Grant are currently exploring projects for third sector interest umbrellaorganisations and their networks, for example, One Voice Wales.This is an approach that currently does not appear to receive appropriate andsustained consideration through any existing agencies in Wales. WCVA hasprovided some from its core services3; however this is not sufficient for the scale ofthe third sector that could be engaged to take action.WCVA is using this recommended priority of working with umbrellaorganisationsthrough the Third Sector Partnership Council members4 . WCVA wantto be able to recommend and direct these umbrella organisations to the support thatis needed to have meaningful engagementas detailed above.Recommendations: 2. Discussion with delivery agencies to identifyexisting support programmes which could meet the identified success factors for engaging the non- environmental third sector. E.g. Welsh Government‟s Engagement Strategy 3. Consider the development of additional programmes and projects to fill the gaps.GrantsGrants are an essential aspect of support for organisations to take action on climatechange. There are a range of types of grants that could be offered. These include: small amounts of money which are non-prescriptive funding which comes with development support funding which is highly prescriptive in its requirementsCurrent funding for action on climate change from the Welsh Government is the„Supporting Sustainable Living Grant‟. Our brief analysis suggests that it supportsinnovative and valuable behaviour change projects which currently focus on carbonreduction. It primarily supports third sector organisations that are environmental andalready engaged in climate action or have received considerable development officersupport.Environment Wales offers a very successful grant and support programme whichdoes include climate change projects. As it is currently resourced, it does not have thecapacity to support the scale of action required. It also not currently structured to meet Support includes the Climate Change Leadership Group, Information Sheets, Case Studies, events3and training.4 TSPC funding to support networks would include need for organisation to reduce carbon footprint anddisproportionate information on climate change to network. Offer a support package forumbrella/networks help with this work. 4
  5. 5. the needs of entire third sector, particular non - environmental groups wanting to takeaction to explore links with core activities.It therefore appears as if there is no funding available for organisations who want totake initial, demand led, often small simple actions on climate change.WelshGovernment previously provided the Climate Change Grant which offered this. Itsevaluation report highlightsorganisations taking a variety of projects, most from non-environmental, previously non engaged organisations. It provided a highly costeffective approach to supporting action on climate change.Recommendation 4. Welsh Government provides a grantscheme which supports demand led action by organisations who want to take demand led, small actions on climate change.Mapping of support for third sector to tackle climate changeThrough WCVA‟s Climate Change Leadership Group5and work with our stakeholders,we have identified that: There is no clear route for developing action on climate change. The services available are viewed as a patchwork of differential support rather than an easily accessible and progressive pathway which is demand led. There is no direct, easily accessible support for larger non environmental third sector organisations and networks wanting to reduce their carbon footprint understand impacts on their beneficiaries and integrate climate change into their work programmes. The groups most vulnerable to climate change are unaware of the support already available; and where there is support, it is not available in a way that is meaningful to them. The majority of the support appears to be for environmental,place based organisations already taking action on climate change.There is a need to work with key partners and delivery agencies to identify theircurrent support to develop a detailed and accurate map of support for climate changeaction in Wales.This needs to include analysis of the type of third sector organisationand action the support is targeted at.Recommendation: 5. Work with key stakeholders and delivery agencies to develop a comprehensive map of support for third sector actions on climate change.5 WCVA established a third sector leadership group on climate change in 2009 to involveorganisations from the across the sector in addressing the implications of climate change within theirorganisations. A key aim was to focus on the engagement of the “non –environmental” third sector toidentify what works and how to further support the sector to engage with climate change. 5
  6. 6. Engagement and Behaviour ChangeThe Climate ChangeEngagement Strategy is identified in Welsh Government‟sAnnual Report as the key strategy for supporting thethirdsector totake action onclimate change.Behaviour change is defined within the strategy as achieving explicitbehaviour goals through social psychology techniques. The Climate ChangeLeadership Group has raised some potential issues about applying this approach thethird sector these include: The third sector is unlikely to treat climate change as a priority without intervention. They therefore need to be lead and supported to take action if they are to be successfully mobilised to change behaviour6. Climate change engagement is not just about delivering behaviour change. Behaviour change should be viewed as one of the key outcomes from climate change engagement, not as the sole methodology for engagement. The Welsh Government‟s Engagement Strategy does not appear to support areas of meaningful engagement and action on climate as detailed above. Although social marking is empirically well supported as a method of bringing about specificbehavioural changes, there are serious limitationswith this approach to climate changeengagement7 The values approachto engagement and behaviour change8 is more naturally affiliated to the third sector The Pathfindersresearch will be important in understanding the capacity and role of thirdsector in behaviour change.Recommendations 6. Explore how the programmes in the Engagement strategy can be applied to the third sector, for example the segmentation model. 7. Findings of Pathfinders research to be examined to explore role and capacity of third sector in behaviours change 8. Evaluation of SSLG to include application in third sector 9. Climate Change Commission tolook at behaviour change in detail at a future commission meeting6 CSE (2007) Mobilising individual behaviour change through community initiatives: Lessons forClimate Change7 Corner, A., & Randall, A. (2011). Selling climate change? The limitations of social marketing as astrategy for climate change public engagement. Global Environmental Change, 21(3), 1005-1014.8 A values approach such as „Common Cause: The Case for Working with Values and Frames‟ 6

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