Pakistan atomic program

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Pakistan atomic program

  1. 2. NUCLEAR PROGRAM OF PAKISTAN ITS FOUNDER AND INDO-PAK RELATIONS BY: THAWBAN BAIG
  2. 3. <ul><li>TABLE OF CONTENTS: </li></ul><ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DESCRIPTION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ITS POLITICAL FOUNDER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TECHNICAL FOUNDER </li></ul></ul><ul><li>INDO-PAK RELATIONSHIP AFTER GETTING NUCLEAR CAPABILITY </li></ul><ul><li>THREATS TO INDIA AND BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOR PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  3. 4. INTRODUCTION NUCLEAR PROGRAM, NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND HISTORY
  4. 5. NUCLEAR PROGRAM <ul><li>NUCLEAR PROGRAM TO ACHIEVE NUCLEAR POWER </li></ul><ul><li>HELPS TO GENERATE POWER AND TO BUILD WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION </li></ul>
  5. 6. NUCLEAR WEAPONS <ul><li>A NUCLEAR WEAPON DERIVES ITS DESTRUCTIVE FORCE FROM NUCLEAR REACTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROVIDE COUNTRIES HELP TO STRENGHTHEN THEIR DEFENCE </li></ul>
  6. 7. CONT... <ul><li>NUCLEAR WEAPONS DEPENDING ON THE MATERIAL USED IN THEIR PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>TYPES OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul>
  7. 8. HISTORY <ul><li>FIRST RECORDED NUCLEAR POWER, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY TWO TIMES NUCLEAR WEAPONS ARE USED </li></ul>
  8. 9. CONT… <ul><li>CAUSED DEATH OF 80,000 PEOPLE IN JAPAN AND CAUSED LONG TERM NUCLEAR SICKNESS </li></ul><ul><li>FEW COUNTRIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THEY HAVE NUCLEAR WEAPONS </li></ul>
  9. 10. DESCRIPTION PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM, ITS POLITICAL AND TECHNICAL FOUNDERS
  10. 11. NUCLEAR PAKISTAN <ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM STARTED IN 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1961, PAEC SET UP A MINERAL CENTRE AT DHAKA AND LAHORE </li></ul>
  11. 12. CONT… <ul><li>“ PROJECT 706” </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENT IN AUGUST 1998 </li></ul>
  12. 13. POLITICAL FOUNDER OF OUR ATOMIC BOMB <ul><li>ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO, THE FOUNDER OF PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM </li></ul><ul><li>“ IF INDIA BUILDS THE BOMB, WE WILL EAT GRASS AND LEAVES FOR A THOUSAND YEARS, EVEN GO HUNGRY, BUT WE WILL GET ONE OF OUR OWN” (ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO) </li></ul>
  13. 14. CONT… <ul><li>ZULFIQAR ALI BHUTTO WAS MOTIVATED, HE WAS HAVING A VISION OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN. </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, HE WAS MOTIVATED TO MAKE PAKISTAN A NUCLEAR POWER. </li></ul>
  14. 15. CONT… <ul><li>HE TOLD SCIENTISTS DURING A MEETING TO GET NUCLEAR CAPABILITY WITHIN 3 YEARS </li></ul><ul><li>“ THE CHRISTIANS HAVE THE BOMB, THE JEWS HAVE THE BOMB AND NOW THE HINDUS HAVE THE BOMB. WHY NOT THE MUSLIMS TOO HAVE THE BOMB??” (BHUTTO) </li></ul>
  15. 16. TECHNICAL FOUNDER OF NUCLEAR PROGRAM <ul><li>DR. ABDUL QADEER KHAN, FATHER OF NUCLEAR PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>DR. A Q KHAN, A METALLURGICAL ENGINEER, WORKING AT THE DUTCH RESEARCH FIRM URENCO </li></ul>
  16. 17. CONT… <ul><li>INDIA'S SURPRISE NUCLEAR TEST AND KHAN’S PATRIOTISM </li></ul><ul><li>DR KHAN LEFT HIS JOB AT URENCO </li></ul>
  17. 18. CONT… <ul><li>DR. KHAN’S RETURN TO PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>KHAN WAS AT SENIOR POST IN URENCO </li></ul>
  18. 19. CONT… <ul><li>DR. A Q KHAN LED FOUNDATIONS OF KAHUTA RESEARCH LABORATORY </li></ul><ul><li>PRIME MINISTER BHUTTO GAVE KHAN AUTONOMOUS CONTROL OF THE URANIUM ENRICHMENT PROJECT </li></ul>
  19. 20. INDIA’S RELATIONS WITH PAKISTAN BEFORE OUR NUCLEAR TESTS <ul><li>AFTER INDIAN MILITARY EXERCISES ON THE BORDERS OF PAKISTAN </li></ul><ul><li>CRICKET DIPLOMACY </li></ul><ul><li>(GEN. ZIA-UL-HAQ) </li></ul>
  20. 21. CONT… <ul><li>MANY TIMES INDIA PRESSURIZED OUR POLITICAL LEADERS </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS IN MAY 1998 </li></ul>
  21. 22. CONT… <ul><li>CHANGING BEHAVIOR OF INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>PRESSURE FROM PUBLIC ON POLITICAL GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  22. 23. NUCLEAR TESTS <ul><li>2 WEEKS AFTER INDIAN NUCLEAR TESTS PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR EXPERIMENTS AT CHAGAI </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL GOVERNMENT FACE A GREAT PRESSURE FROM WEST </li></ul>
  23. 24. CONT… <ul><li>GOVERNMENT DETERMINATION RESULTED IN PAKISTAN CAPABLE OF NUCLEAR BOMB </li></ul><ul><li>ISLAMIC BOMB </li></ul>
  24. 25. THREATS TO INDIA <ul><li>INDIA IS ENEMY OF PAKISTAN FROM VERY FIRST DAY OF OUR INDEPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>WE FOUGHT 3 WARS WITH INDIA </li></ul>
  25. 26. CONT… <ul><li>NOW PAKISTAN IS ALSO A NUCLEAR POWER AND HAVING NUCLEAR ARSENALS </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER PAKISTAN’S NUCLEAR CAPABILITY, INDIA NEVER DARED TO ATTACK ON PAKISTAN </li></ul>
  26. 27. CONT… <ul><li>IF INDIA USES NUCLEAR WEAPONS THEN? </li></ul><ul><li>PAKISTAN CAN HIT ALMOST ALL THE MAJOR CITIES AND ECONOMIC HUBS OF INDIA </li></ul>
  27. 28. CONT… <ul><li>NUCLEAR MISSILES OF PAKISTAN ARE OPERATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>WHILE MOST OF THE INDIAN MISSILES ARE NON-OPERATIONAL </li></ul>
  28. 29. CONT… <ul><li>INDIA ACCEPTED THAT PAKISTAN’S MISSILE PROGRAM IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN INDIA’S </li></ul>
  29. 30. Pakistan's Nuclear Capable Missiles Name/Designation Class Range (varies with payload weight) Payload Status Hatf-I SRBM 100 km 500 kg Operational Abdali SRBM 180 km 500 kg Operational Ghaznavi SRBM 290 km 500 kg Operational M-11 SRBM 300 km 500 kg Operational Shaheen-I SRBM 750 km 850 kg Operational Ghauri-I MRBM 1,500 km 750 kg Operational Ghauri-II MRBM 2,300 km 750-1,200 kg Operational Shaheen-II MRBM 2,500 km 700 kg Operational  Ghauri-III IRBM 3,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Shaheen-III IRBM 4,500+ km 1,200+ kg Under Development Babur (Hatf 7) Cruise Missile 700 km 500 kg Operational Ra'ad (Hatf 8) Air Launched Cruise Missile 350 km 500 kg Operational

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