Ant Presentation

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Ant Presentation

  1. 1. Technology is society made durable By Bruno Latour Presented by Clarence Choi
  2. 2. Bruno Latour - Born June 22, 1947, Beaune, France - A sociologist of science, anthropologist and an influential theorist in the field of Science and Technology Studies
  3. 3. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Background: <ul><li>First Invented in Paris in the early 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by Bruno Latour, Michel Callon and
  4. 4. others, which also includes John Law </li></ul><ul><li>An attempt to understand processes of </li></ul>technological innovation and scientific knowledge-creation
  5. 5. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) In simple english: <ul><li>Assumes that actors can be human or non-human. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a social theory having to do with relations and networks between the actors. </li></ul><ul><li>All actors are equal, an actor will not have a more </li></ul>Significant power over the other. <ul><li>Arrangement of actors within the network to </li></ul>accomplish programs.
  6. 6. <ul><li>An object is only given meaning within a </li></ul>network. - An epidemic e.g. swine flu <ul><li>An action or objective is achieved through the influence </li></ul>of different actors within a network - Driving a car - Coming to Sydney University
  7. 7. 'Key' Example - Program=> Hotel manager wants the keys to be returned to the front desk - Anti Program <= Fickle minded customers takes the keys along with them - Program=> Attach a cumbersome weight to the key - Anti-Program <= Remove the weight - Program => Solder the key ring
  8. 8. 1. Manager reminds the customers 2. Manager hangs a sign 3. Manager attaches a weight to the keys <ul><li>The original meanings are changed, customers no </li></ul>longer leave their room keys, instead they get rid of it. (through the arrangement of actors) <ul><li>The network shapes the meanings of the actors. </li></ul><ul><li>The sign are just diagrams, the weight are just heavy </li></ul>Decorative pieces attached to a key
  9. 9. Actor-Network Theory (ANT) Flaws and Controversy <ul><li>ANT seems to be largely descriptive. To what extent </li></ul>do we dissect the network? Its theory is at risk because it might degenerate into endless chains of associations. <ul><li>It goes against the idea of heroism of technological </li></ul>advancement. Newton's theory would not have succeded If not for others. <ul><li>ANT is amoral because it assumes that all things are equal </li></ul>
  10. 10. FIN Merci beaucoup

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