Faculty  attitudes  towards  OER  
and  open  textbooks  in  British  
Columbia  and  beyond
Rajiv  Jhangiani BCcampus  Op...
In  the  beginning
open.bccampus.ca
BC  Open  Textbook  Project
40  free  &  open  textbooks  for  highest  
enrolled  1st &  2nd year  post-...
open.bccampus.ca
open.bccampus.ca
Year Sections Students Savings
2013 19 593 $59,300  -­ $87,960
2014 89 3018 $301,800  -­ $432,672.50
2015...
Faculty  are  key
Why  do  they  adopt?
What  challenges  do  they  face?
How  can  we  overcome  those  challenges?
The  Study
OER  Research  Hub  Hypotheses:  
• Use  of  OER  leads  to  improvement  in  student  
performance  and  satisfaction;;
•...
• Demographic  characteristics;;  
• Institutional  and  teaching  context;;
• Use  of  OER;;  
• Awareness  and  use  of ...
What  do  we  know  so  far?
Usage  Patterns
Quality
Barriers/Enabling  Factors
Policy
open.bccampus.ca
Perceived  quality  of  OER
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
Compared	
  to	
  traditional,	
  
proprietary	...
open.bccampus.ca
Adoption,  adaptation,  creation  correlations
0.39
Adopted	
  
OER
Created
OER
Adapted
OER
0.45
0.43
All...
open.bccampus.ca
Use,  adaptation,  creation,  by  type  of  institution
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
Research	
  Univer...
open.bccampus.ca
Barriers  to  OER  use,  by  type  of  institution
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
Research	
  univers...
open.bccampus.ca
Enabling  factors  for  OER  use,  by  type  of  
institution
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
Rese...
So  what  have  
we  learned?
open.bccampus.ca
The	
  Question	
  of	
  OER	
  Quality
open.bccampus.ca
Adoption,  Adaptation,  &  Creation
Much	
  more	
  adoption	
  than	
  
adaptation	
  &	
  creation
Usag...
open.bccampus.ca
The  Path  to  Adoption,  Adaptation,  &  Creation
Knowing  About   AND Having  Time
To  Locate AND Easil...
open.bccampus.ca Source:	
  "Pencil" by sylviaduckworth.	
  Reproduced	
  with	
  permission.
Thank  You
Questions?
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Faculty Attitudes Towards OER

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Presentation on "Faculty attitudes towards OER and open textbooks in British Columbia and beyond" at the 2015 Open Ed Conference

Published in: Education

Faculty Attitudes Towards OER

  1. 1. Faculty  attitudes  towards  OER   and  open  textbooks  in  British   Columbia  and  beyond Rajiv  Jhangiani BCcampus  Open  Textbook  Fellow   Beck  Pitt  OER  Research  Hub Christina  Hendricks  BCcampus  Open  Textbook  Fellow Clint  Lalonde  BCcampus Open  Education  Conference Vancouver  BC Nov  19,  2015 #opened15
  2. 2. In  the  beginning
  3. 3. open.bccampus.ca BC  Open  Textbook  Project 40  free  &  open  textbooks  for  highest   enrolled  1st &  2nd year  post-­secondary   subjects  in  BC 2014  – 20  for  skills  &  training First  province  in  Canada 2014  – AB  &  SASK  MOU $1  million 2014  -­ $1  million Visual  notes  of  John  Yap  announcement,  Giulia  Forsythe  Used  under   CC-­SA  license
  4. 4. open.bccampus.ca
  5. 5. open.bccampus.ca Year Sections Students Savings 2013 19 593 $59,300  -­ $87,960 2014 89 3018 $301,800  -­ $432,672.50 2015   186 5664 $556,140  -­ $684,129.65 Total 294 9275 $927k  -­ $1.2  mil
  6. 6. Faculty  are  key
  7. 7. Why  do  they  adopt? What  challenges  do  they  face? How  can  we  overcome  those  challenges?
  8. 8. The  Study
  9. 9. OER  Research  Hub  Hypotheses:   • Use  of  OER  leads  to  improvement  in  student   performance  and  satisfaction;; • The  open  aspect  of  OER  creates  different  usage  and   adoption  patterns  than  other  online  resources;; • OER  adoption  at  an  institutional  level  leads  to   financial  benefits  for  students  and/or  institutions;; • Use  of  OER  leads  to  critical  reflection  by  educators,   with  evidence  of  improvement  in  their  practice;; • Participation  in  OER  pilots  and  programs  leads  to   policy  change  at  institutional  level.
  10. 10. • Demographic  characteristics;;   • Institutional  and  teaching  context;; • Use  of  OER;;   • Awareness  and  use  of  open  textbooks  from  the  BC   Open  Textbook  Project;;   • Motivations  for  using  OER;;   • Challenges  and  enabling  factors  for  using  and  adapting   OER;;   • Perceived  quality  of  OER;;   • Impact  of  OER  use  on  students,  classroom  practice,  and   institutions;;   • Institutional  policies  concerning  OER;;   • Awareness  of  open  licensing;;   • Sharing  of  teaching  materials  openly;;   • Use  of  computers  and  the  internet;;   • Key  personality  characteristics.  
  11. 11. What  do  we  know  so  far? Usage  Patterns Quality Barriers/Enabling  Factors Policy
  12. 12. open.bccampus.ca Perceived  quality  of  OER 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Compared  to  traditional,   proprietary  materials
  13. 13. open.bccampus.ca Adoption,  adaptation,  creation  correlations 0.39 Adopted   OER Created OER Adapted OER 0.45 0.43 All  correlations   significant  at  p<.001
  14. 14. open.bccampus.ca Use,  adaptation,  creation,  by  type  of  institution 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Research  University Teaching  University College/Institute Adopted Adapted Created
  15. 15. open.bccampus.ca Barriers  to  OER  use,  by  type  of  institution 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Research  university Teaching  university College/Institute
  16. 16. open.bccampus.ca Enabling  factors  for  OER  use,  by  type  of   institution 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Research  university Teaching  university College/Institute
  17. 17. So  what  have   we  learned?
  18. 18. open.bccampus.ca The  Question  of  OER  Quality
  19. 19. open.bccampus.ca Adoption,  Adaptation,  &  Creation Much  more  adoption  than   adaptation  &  creation Usage  patterns  reflect  the   reported  barriers More  awareness  of  cost   savings  to  students  than   institutional  benefits Absence  of  institutional   policies  reflect  this
  20. 20. open.bccampus.ca The  Path  to  Adoption,  Adaptation,  &  Creation Knowing  About   AND Having  Time To  Locate AND Easily  Access Relevant High-­Quality WHILE Not  Encountering   Resistance  from (And  Preferably  Receiving   Support  from) ColleaguesAdministrators AND Policy Other  Stakeholders
  21. 21. open.bccampus.ca Source:  "Pencil" by sylviaduckworth.  Reproduced  with  permission.
  22. 22. Thank  You Questions?

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