Factors that influence the selection of open (and commercial) educational resources

Rajiv Jhangiani
Rajiv JhangianiOpen Education Advocate, Psychology Professor, SoTL Researcher
University Teaching Fellow, Kwantlen Polytechnic University
Senior Open Education Advocacy & Research Fellow, BCcampus
Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D.
@thatpsychprof
Psychology Instructor, Justice Institute of British Columbia
Sessional Lecturer, University of British Columbia
Surita Jhangiani, Ph.D.
@SuritaJhangiani
Factors that influence
the selection of open
(and commercial)
educational resources
Jazmin Quaynor/Unsplash
!
!!
Prepared'by:'
Rajiv!S.!Jhangiani,!Ph.D.,!Kwantlen!Polytechnic!University!
Rebecca!Pitt,!Ph.D.,!OER!Hub!
Christina!Hendricks,!Ph.D.,!University!of!British!Columbia!
Jessie!Key,!Ph.D.,!Vancouver!Island!University!
Clint!Lalonde,!M.A.,!BCcampus!
January!18,!2016!!
bit.ly/BC-OER-report
How do faculty in British Columbia
use OER?
What are their experiences with and
perceptions of OER?
What factors enable or act as
barriers to using OER?
Teaching
intensive
34%
College
33%
Graduate
19%
Research
intensive
12%
Other
2%
The sample
N = 217
26 institutions
Age range: 23-75
M = 50.92; SD = 10.85
Years teaching range: 0-45
M = 15.69; SD = 9.72
The sample
Business,
9.8
Computer &
info science,
1.7
Education,
8.6
Health, 12.6
Humanities,
16.1Natural
sciences,
10.3Professional
studies, 0.6
Social
sciences,
22.4
Other, 17.8
F2F teaching: 60.4%
Blended: 17.2%
Online: 9.4%
1. Who selects required
course materials?
63%
19.30%
15.60%
11.50%
8.90%
7.80%
2.60%
2.60%
0.50%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Solely responsible
Committee (member)
Department
Course developer
Another faculty member
Committee (lead)
Committee (not member)
Instructional designer
Administration
2. What factors influence
your selection of course
materials?
1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Clear & accessible writing
Comprehensiveness of coverage
Ease of fit
Recently updated
Cost to student
Theoretical orientation
Reputation of authors
Not at all
important
Slightly
important
Moderately
important
Very
important
Extremely
important
1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Canadian edition
Used/recommended by others
Quality of ancillary resources
Compatible with LMS
Relationship with publisher
Financial incentives
Not at all
important
Slightly
important
Moderately
important
Very
important
Extremely
important
Allen, I. E. & Seaman, J. (2014). Opening the curriculum: Open educational resources in U.S. higher education.
Cost
Recently
updated Reputation
of author(s)
Comprehen
-siveness of
coverage
Theoretical
orientationEase of fit
Quality of
ancillaries
Use
recommended
Clear &
accessible
writing
Canadian
edition
Works with
LMS
Relationship
with
publisher
Sponsorships
/incentives
Positive relationship
Negative relationship
3. How important are
ancillary materials?
1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
Online student resources
Question bank
Adaptive quizzing
Activity manual
PowerPoint slides
Not at all
important
Slightly
important
Moderately
important
Very
important
Extremely
important
1
Student PIRGs (2016). Access denied. (CC-BY 4.0) Retrieved from www.studentpirgs.org/textbooks.
25.5%
require an access code
4. How often do you hear
from students about
textbook unaffordability?
Factors that influence the selection of open (and commercial) educational resources
How often (per semester) do you receive queries from students
about whether they really need the required course textbook?
How often (per semester) do you receive queries from students
about whether they can use an older edition?
13.1 31.8 34.1 13.6 7.4
Never
Rarely
Sometimes
Often
Always
7.4 17.7 40.6 25.7 8.6
Never
Rarely
Sometimes
Often
Always
If you had to guess, what percentage of your students do you think
go without purchasing a required course textbook?
How confident are you in your estimate?
0 20 40 60 80 100
22.07%
6.3 12 42.3 29.7 9.7
Not at all
Slightly
Moderately
Very
Extremely
5. How aware are you
of OER?
14.90%
26.30%
40.60%
2.30%
16%
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
40%
45%
Not aware Heard the term Aware Aware +
previously used
Aware +
currently use
Among those who control the
selection of course materials,
39.8%
are either unaware or
don’t know much about OER
6. How do you rate the quality of
open (and commercial)
educational resources?
Understanding that there is variability, how would you rate
the quality (factually correct, up-to-date, well-written,
organized, effective) of:
All: t(84) = 5.877, p = .000
Currently using: t(23) = 1.32, p = .20
11.4 22.7
8
36.4
16.8
22.7
54
6.8
20.4 Poor
Satisfactory
Average
Good
Excellent
Commercial resources
Open educational resources
Perceived quality of OER
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
35%
Com
prop
!
!!
Prepared'by:'
Rajiv!S.!Jhangiani,!Ph.D.,!Kwantlen!Polytechnic!University!
Rebecca!Pitt,!Ph.D.,!OER!Hub!
Christina!Hendricks,!Ph.D.,!University!of!British!Columbia!
Jessie!Key,!Ph.D.,!Vancouver!Island!University!
Clint!Lalonde,!M.A.,!BCcampus!
January!18,!2016!!
Non-users Users
7. Do you think you will
adopt OER over the next
3 years?
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
Not aware Heard Aware Previously used Currently use
3yearOERadoptionintention
Awareness of OER
Yes
Will
consider
Might
consider
Not
interested
Predicting OER adoption:
A model
Resource-related
factors
Ancillary resource-
related factors
Awareness of OER
Perceived quality of
OER
Current OER adoption
Future
OER adoption
Cost
Recently
updated Reputation
of author(s)
Comprehen
-siveness of
coverage
Theoretical
orientationEase of fit
Quality of
ancillaries
Use
recommended
Clear &
accessible
writing
Canadian
edition
Works with
LMS
Relationship
with
publisher
Sponsorships
/incentives
Require
access code
Reliance on
ancillary
resources
Consider
cost to
studentsPerceived
impact of
textbook
costs
Emails from
students
.15*
.28***
-.19*
.47***
* >.05
** >.01
*** >.001
.15*
-.16*
Perceived
quality of
OER
Current/past
OER
adoption
Future
OER
adoption
Consider
cost to
students
.43***
Can’t find
what I need
.35***
Estimate of
students doing
without a
textbook
.27*
Not enough
resources in
area
No
available
ancillaries
Unprofessional
appearance
Not up-to-
date
Not
relevant to
context
-.52*** -.40*** -.41*** -.54*** -.40*** -.25*
.63***
.30**
* >.05
** >.01
*** >.001
Resource-related
factors
Ancillary resource-
related factors
Awareness of OER
Perceived quality of
OER
Current OER adoption
Future
OER adoption
@thatpsychprof
rajiv@kpu.ca
slideshare.net/thatpsychprofWWW
@SuritaJhangiani
sjhangiani@jibc.ca
Jonatan Pie/Unsplash
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Factors that influence the selection of open (and commercial) educational resources

Editor's Notes

  1. Note that numbers add up to over 100%
  2. Most interested in the content
  3. Cost to students is ranked 5/13; however, this may be a function of how we posed the question
  4. Not listing correlation coefficients
  5. All highly intercorrelated
  6. What % of individual control require access code? If only 63% to start with does this drop?
  7. 55% hear from students sometimes, often, or always about needing the required textbook 75% hear from students sometimes, often, or always about using an older edition Requiring access code & queries about using older edition: .160, p = .035, 175
  8. Queries about needing the book & estimate of students doing without: .152, p = .049, 167
  9. 91.2% average to excellent for commercial 65.9% average to excellent for OER 104 & 129 nonrespondents, respectively
  10. When faculty have control over the selection of required course materials And they are aware of OER And they perceive it to be high enough quality And it fits with their current teaching approach And they do not require an access code This explains 76% of the variance in OER adoption
  11. Considering theoretical orientation & ease of fit with current teaching materials are negatively correlated with current OER adoption Considering cost to student is positively correlated with future adoption
  12. When faculty are aware of OER And they perceive it to be high enough quality And it fits with their current teaching approach And they do not require an access code This explains 76% of the variance in OER adoption When faculty have adopted OER And they perceive it to be high quality This explains 49% of the variance in likelihood of future OER adoption
  13. Need to know why those who previously adopted OER stopped doing so