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Environmental legislation


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Environmental legislation

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Most legislation evolved in response to problems.  We are loosing our wildlife rapidly.  Our environment shows that there are many drawbacks in the environmental legislation.  Problems arising in enforcement of environmental laws and acts.
  3. 3. Environmental legislation  Developmental process was initiated in the fourth five year plan  This process initiated by Department of environment in 1980  Ministry of Environment and forests in September 1985
  4. 4. Wild life management and conservation  Wildlife – The uncultivated species of plants and animals living in their natural habitat.  Mahajan (1981) wild life is life in any form plant or animal existing in its natural surroundings.  Wild life protection Act (1972) – Government of India  Wild life include any animal , bees , fish , crustacean aquatic or land vegetation etc.  Wild life management refers to the protection , preservation perpetuation and judicious control of population of rare species of plants and animals.  Wild life is a renewable resource useful to the human society  Wild life helps in promoting economic activities that beings money through tourism
  5. 5. AIMS OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION  To maintain the balance of nature  To maintain and preserve the rare species of plants and animals from extinction  To prevent deforestation  To preserve the breeding stock  To study the ecological relations to the plants and animals.
  7. 7. International union for conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)  It is an independent international agency  It head quarters at Morges , Switzerland  120 countries are members of IUCN – 60 government and more than 500 non government organizations  It was established in 1948  IUCN is now renamed as world conservation union (WCU)  The main objective – promote and support action
  8. 8. To promote : Wild life conservation  Awareness through education  Research to providing technical data for practical conservation programes.  Action on a national and international scale and international agencies support conservation programes  Strengthening legislation and improving its enforcement
  9. 9. World wildlife fund (WWF)  It established in 1961 at Gland in Switzerland  The “Giant panda” was chose as its symbol.  India has the membership.  The scope and actives are not restricted to animals only.  WCU , WWF has taken up a plant conservation campaign  WWF in India was founded in 1969  It head quarters is in Bombay  It’s main aims are conservation , education and research  Some of the important projects (WWF) such as Andma pig study , crocodile breeding project , Ecological Survey of Western Ghats.  WWF is earlier called world wild life fund.
  10. 10. United nations conference on Environment and development (UNCED)  According to UNCED (1992) Forest are to be managed as ecosystem  It has conducted a debate on environmental problems such as acid rain ,water pollution and toxic chemicals  The two events are look place in 1970s and 1980s.
  11. 11. Rio summit  First event Stockholm conference held in 1972 113countries. 4001 GOS and NGOS  UNCED or Earth summit was held at Rio-de Janeiro the capital of Brazil between 3 and 4 June.
  12. 12. United Nation Environmental Program (UNEP)  Established by UN is 1972.  To protect world biological diversity  UNEP protect over 30,000 of world’s  UNEP’s key role led to an increase in number of rhinoceros in Kenya ,Namibia South Africa ,Peninsular Malaysia and India.  UNEP promoted the preparation of the Global Biodiversity Assessment (1995)