Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Environmental legislation

524 views

Published on

ppt

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

Environmental legislation

  1. 1. Topics WORLD CONSERVATION STRATEGY  UNEP  IUCN  WWF  UNCED
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Most legislation evolved in response to problems.  We are loosing our wildlife rapidly.  Our environment shows that there are many drawbacks in the environmental legislation.  Problems arising in enforcement of environmental laws and acts.
  3. 3. Environmental legislation  Developmental process was initiated in the fourth five year plan  This process initiated by Department of environment in 1980  Ministry of Environment and forests in September 1985
  4. 4. Wild life management and conservation  Wildlife – The uncultivated species of plants and animals living in their natural habitat.  Mahajan (1981) wild life is life in any form plant or animal existing in its natural surroundings.  Wild life protection Act (1972) – Government of India  Wild life include any animal , bees , fish , crustacean aquatic or land vegetation etc.  Wild life management refers to the protection , preservation perpetuation and judicious control of population of rare species of plants and animals.  Wild life is a renewable resource useful to the human society  Wild life helps in promoting economic activities that beings money through tourism
  5. 5. AIMS OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION  To maintain the balance of nature  To maintain and preserve the rare species of plants and animals from extinction  To prevent deforestation  To preserve the breeding stock  To study the ecological relations to the plants and animals.
  6. 6. WORLD CONSERVATION STRATEGIES
  7. 7. International union for conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)  It is an independent international agency  It head quarters at Morges , Switzerland  120 countries are members of IUCN – 60 government and more than 500 non government organizations  It was established in 1948  IUCN is now renamed as world conservation union (WCU)  The main objective – promote and support action
  8. 8. To promote : Wild life conservation  Awareness through education  Research to providing technical data for practical conservation programes.  Action on a national and international scale and international agencies support conservation programes  Strengthening legislation and improving its enforcement
  9. 9. World wildlife fund (WWF)  It established in 1961 at Gland in Switzerland  The “Giant panda” was chose as its symbol.  India has the membership.  The scope and actives are not restricted to animals only.  WCU , WWF has taken up a plant conservation campaign  WWF in India was founded in 1969  It head quarters is in Bombay  It’s main aims are conservation , education and research  Some of the important projects (WWF) such as Andma pig study , crocodile breeding project , Ecological Survey of Western Ghats.  WWF is earlier called world wild life fund.
  10. 10. United nations conference on Environment and development (UNCED)  According to UNCED (1992) Forest are to be managed as ecosystem  It has conducted a debate on environmental problems such as acid rain ,water pollution and toxic chemicals  The two events are look place in 1970s and 1980s.
  11. 11. Rio summit  First event Stockholm conference held in 1972 113countries. 4001 GOS and NGOS  UNCED or Earth summit was held at Rio-de Janeiro the capital of Brazil between 3 and 4 June.
  12. 12. United Nation Environmental Program (UNEP)  Established by UN is 1972.  To protect world biological diversity  UNEP protect over 30,000 of world’s  UNEP’s key role led to an increase in number of rhinoceros in Kenya ,Namibia South Africa ,Peninsular Malaysia and India.  UNEP promoted the preparation of the Global Biodiversity Assessment (1995)

×