WORLD CONSERVATION STRATEGY
Most legislation evolved in response to problems.
We are loosing our wildlife rapidly.
Our environment shows that there are many
drawbacks in the environmental legislation.
Problems arising in enforcement of environmental
laws and acts.
Developmental process was initiated in the fourth five
This process initiated by Department of environment
Ministry of Environment and forests in September
Wild life management and conservation
Wildlife – The uncultivated species of plants and
animals living in their natural habitat.
Mahajan (1981) wild life is life in any form plant
or animal existing in its natural surroundings.
Wild life protection Act (1972) – Government of
Wild life include any animal , bees , fish ,
crustacean aquatic or land vegetation etc.
Wild life management refers to the protection ,
preservation perpetuation and judicious control
of population of rare species of plants and
Wild life is a renewable resource useful to the
Wild life helps in promoting economic activities
that beings money through tourism
AIMS OF WILDLIFE CONSERVATION
To maintain the balance of nature
To maintain and preserve the rare
species of plants and animals from
To prevent deforestation
To preserve the breeding stock
To study the ecological relations to
the plants and animals.
International union for conservation of
Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN)
It is an independent international agency
It head quarters at Morges , Switzerland
120 countries are members of IUCN – 60 government
and more than 500 non government organizations
It was established in 1948
IUCN is now renamed as world conservation union
The main objective – promote and support action
To promote : Wild life conservation
Awareness through education
Research to providing technical data for practical
Action on a national and international scale and
international agencies support conservation programes
Strengthening legislation and improving its enforcement
World wildlife fund (WWF)
It established in 1961 at Gland in Switzerland
The “Giant panda” was chose as its symbol.
India has the membership.
The scope and actives are not restricted to animals only.
WCU , WWF has taken up a plant conservation campaign
WWF in India was founded in 1969
It head quarters is in Bombay
It’s main aims are conservation , education and research
Some of the important projects (WWF) such as Andma
pig study , crocodile breeding project , Ecological Survey
of Western Ghats.
WWF is earlier called world wild life fund.
United nations conference on
Environment and development (UNCED)
According to UNCED (1992) Forest are to be managed
It has conducted a debate on environmental problems
such as acid rain ,water pollution and toxic chemicals
The two events are look place in 1970s and 1980s.
First event Stockholm conference held in
1972 113countries. 4001 GOS and NGOS
UNCED or Earth summit was held at
Rio-de Janeiro the capital of Brazil
between 3 and 4 June.
United Nation Environmental Program
Established by UN is 1972.
To protect world biological diversity
UNEP protect over 30,000 of world’s
UNEP’s key role led to an increase in
number of rhinoceros in Kenya
,Namibia South Africa ,Peninsular
Malaysia and India.
UNEP promoted the preparation of
the Global Biodiversity Assessment