Quy hoach he thong cang vn den nam 2020 dinh huong 2030
MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT VIETNAM MARITIME ADMINISTRATIONSUMMARY OF MASTER PLAN FOR VIETNAMSEAPORT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT TILL 2020, ORIENTATION TO 2030 Project Manager: Senior Specialist NGUYEN MANH UNG OCTOBER - 2009
1. GENERAL Master Plan for Vietnam seaport system development till 2020 was approved by the Prime Minister under Decision No. 202/1999/QĐ – TTg dated 12 October 1999. In the recent time, the seaport system development is basically in compliance with the approved planning. Up to 2008, the Vietnam seaport system consists of: • 17 seaports class I, 23 seaports class II, 9 seaports class III. • Nearly 350m berths with a total length of 40,000m (2 times higher than 1999). • 35 access channels to national ports and 12 access channels to dedicated ports. • Cargo throughputs reached 196.6 mil.ton (2.7 times higher than 1999), including 5.02 mil.TEU (5.3 times higher than 1999). • Average growth rate: 13%/year. “Master Plan for Vietnam seaport system development till 2020, orientation to 203” directed by MOT, owned by Vinamarine, being submitted to the Prime Minister for the approval under legal document No. 5213/TTr-BGTVT dated 30 July 2009. • Revision scope (area, time and fields). • Characteristics in the traffic network plan. Some main contents of the project are briefly presented as follows:
2. BACKGROUND AND BASES FOR THE PROJECT PREPARATION Background and bases: • Vietnam Sea Strategy to 2020. • Vietnam has been an official member in WTO , an ongoing integration into the global economy, especially maritime sector. • Marine Law of Vietnam (Law No. 40/2005/QH - 11). Many other related laws and regulations revised and approved before and after Vietnam WTO membership. • Updated and approved general strategy and planning of national socio-economic development as well as development of economic sectors and regions to year 2020. Position and role: • Seaport system associated with coastal traffic network takes decisive role in connecting and improving the socio-economic development; and an important premise for establishment and development of economic areas, industrial parks and coastal urban areas. • Seaport system satisfies not only demand on cargo handling, storage and transhipment for domestic socio-economic development, but also create momentum for the global economic integration.3. MAIN SHORTCOMINGS NEED TO BE RESOLVED Low overallity. Lack of comprehensiveness both in scale and implementation process. Low quality and backward technology.
4. CARGO THROUGHPUT FORECAST Total cargo throughput by main cargo types. Unit: mil.T (mil.TEU) 2015 2020 2030 No Description Low High Low High Low High scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario General and container 254 280 410 488 880 1180 1 Container only (13.5) (15.2) (24.5) (29.0) (57.5) (79.0) 2 Coal and ore 164 210 350 463 563 745 3 Liquid 80 100 110 132 137 175 4 Total 498 590 870 1083 1580 2100 Total cargo throughput by regions (seaport groups): Unit: mil. T 2015 2020 2030 No Description Low High Low High Low High scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario 1 Group 1: North 86 90 118 163 242 313 2 Group 2: Northern Central 69 80 132 152 212 248 3 Group 3: Middle Central 41 46 81 104 154 205 4 Group 4: Southern Central 63 100 142 202 271 384 5 Group 5: Eastern South 185 200 265 306 495 650 6 Group 6: Mekong Delta 54 74 132 156 206 300 Total 498 590 870 1083 1580 2100 Cargo throughputs increase 2.54 ÷ 3 times higher in 2015 and 4.4 ÷ 55 times higher in 2020 than those in 2008.
5. DEVELOPMENT OUTLOOKS Comprehensive development with breakthroughs in modernization. Synchronous development, focusing on on ensuring the uninterrupted connection between seaports and national traffic network as well as regional logistics. Investment comes high on the list of priorities for development of transshipment ports, international gateway ports, dedicated hub ports; expansion and improvements for other ports in the system. Attach much importance to maintenance work and synchronous, effective operation. Strongly seaward access. Maximum mobilization of resources, socialization improvement. Close association beween seaport development and environmental protection.6. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES Sufficiently meet market demand on cargo volume and vessel size from/to ports, maintain the competitiveness in the global integration process, as well as uphold the momentum role. Construction : • Van Phong International Transshipment terminal for container vessels of 9,000 ÷ 15,000 TEU. • International gateway ports in Hai Phong, Ba Ria – Vung Tau and Central focal economic area for vessels of 80,000 ÷ 100,000 DWT; container vessels of 4,000 ÷ 8,000 TEU. • Hub dedicated pots for vessels of 300,000 ÷ 400,000 DWT (liquid cargo), 100,000 ÷ 300,000 DWT (coal and ore). • Tourist passenger berths for ships of 100,000 GRT in large tourist centers. Establish and develop connecting points for logistics system. Improve and upgrade existing ports to make good the poor conditions in quality and technology.
7. DIAGRAM OF MASTER PLAN According to function and duty: • National general ports International transshipment and gateway ports: Van Phong (Khanh Hoa), Hai Phong, Ba Ria - Vung Tau. Regional hub ports: Hon Gai - Quang Ninh, Nghi Sơn - Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Son Duong, Vung Ang - Ha Tinh, Dung Quat - Quang Ngai, Quy Nhon – Binh Dinh, Ba Ngoi - Khanh Hoa, Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai and Can Tho. • Local ports • Dedicated ports. According to regions, Vietnam seaport system is dividied into 6 groups: • Group 1: Northern seaport group from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh. • Group 2: Northern Central seaport group from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh. • Group 3: Middle Central seaport group from Quang Binh to Quang Ngai. • Group 4: Southern Central seaport group from Binh Dinh to Binh Thuan. • Group 5: Eastern South seaport group including Con Dao and ports on Soai Rap river, Tien Giang. • Group 6: Mekong delta seaport group including Phu Quoc and Eastern south islands. Function and development scale of each group and main ports are specified in the Plan making basis for preparation of detailed plan in the following steps. Diagrams of the whole seaport system and each group is shown in the following figures:
8. PLANNING FOR IMPROVEMENT OF ACCESS CHANNEL Key access channels: • Access channel to Hai Phong port. • Access channel to Vung Tau port and Thi Vai river. • Access channel to Ho Chi Minh port along Soai Rap river. • Access channel to Can Tho port. Other channels9. INVESTMENT COST AND CAPITAL SOURCE Total investment cost is: 810,000 ÷ 990,000 bil.VNĐ (46 ÷ 56 bil.USD) in stage to 2030, 360,000 ÷ 440,000 bil.VNĐ (20 ÷ 25 bil.USD) in stage to 2020. State budget takes 12% ÷ 15%. Investment cost mobilized from investors and enterprises.10. SOME OTHER CONTENTS IN THE PLAN PROJECT List of priority investment projects in stage to 2015. Planning for removal and functional conversion of some existing ports. Environmental protection and management. Policy and solution on planning implementation and management.
DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR VIETNAM SEAPORT SYSTEMMASTER PLAN FOR GENERAL AND CONTAINER PORTS MASTER PLAN FOR DEDICATED PORTS
Please contact the Planning and Investment Department, International Cooperation Department under Vinamarine or Consultant of the Project (Portcoast Consultant Corporation - PORTCOAST) for more details. THANK YOU!