Chuyen de on thi tieng anh 19

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Chuyen de on thi tieng anh 19

  1. 1. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 CHUYÊN ĐỀ LUYỆN THI TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VÀ LUYỆN THI ĐẠI HỌC, CAO ĐẲNG 2009 Môn: TIẾNG ANH Chuyên đề: TÍNH TỪ ĐI VỚI GIỚI TỪI. MỤC ĐÍCH CHUYÊN ĐỀ - Chuyên đề này cung cấp cho các em các kết hợp giữa tính từ và giới từ phổ biến hay được sử dụng trong tiếng Anh. Bên cạnh đó, chúng ta cũng học thêm một số cấu trúc câu sử dụng các kết hợp từ này.II. KIẾN THỨC CƠ BẢN 1. Adj + of… Nice/ kind/ good/ polite/ silly/ stupid… of somebody (to do something) - Thank you. It was nice of you to help me. - It is stupid of her to go out without a coat in such cold weather. Nhưng: nice/ kind/ good/ polite/ silly/ stupid/ unfriendly … to somebody - They have always been very nice to me. Afraid/ frightened/ terrified/ scared of..: sợ… - Are you afraid of dogs? Fond/ proud/ ashamed/ jealous/ envious of…: thích/ tự hào/ xấu hổ/ ghen tị/ đố kỵ về ai/ cái gì - Why are you so jealous of other people? Suspicious/ critical of…: nghi ngờ/ chỉ trích, phê bình…. - He was suspicious of my intentions. Aware of/ conscious of …: có ý thức về…. - Did you know he was married? - No, I wasn’t aware of that. Capable/ incapable of doing somethingg…: có khả năng/ không có khả năng làm việc gì - I’m sure that you are capable of passing the exam. Full of/ short of…: đầy/ thiếu cái gì - The letter I wrote was full of mistakes. - I’m short of money. Can you lend me some? Tired of doing something…: mệt mỏi với việc làm gì - Come on, let’s go! I’m tired of waiting. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 1
  2. 2. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 2. Adj + about/ with… Angry/ annoyed/ furious about something: giận dữ/ khó chịu về điều gì - It’s stupid to get angry about things that don’t matter. Angry/annoy/furious with somebody for doing something: giận dữ/ khó chịu với ai vì họ đã làm gì - Are you annoyed with me for being late? Excited/worried/ upset/ nervous/happy.. about (doing) something: hào hứng, lo lắng, buồn, vui sướng về điều gì - Are you excited about going on holiday next week? Delighted/pleased/ satisfied/ disappointed with something: vui vẻ/ hài lòng/ thoả mãn/ thất vọng về điều gì. - I was delighted with the present you gave me. 3. Adj + at/ by/ with… Surprised/shocked/ amazed/astonished at/by something: ngạc nhiên/ sốc về điều gì - Everybody was surprised at/by the news. - I hope you weren’t shocked by/at what I said. Impressed with/by somebody/something: ấn tượng với ai/ cái gì - I’m very impressed with/by her English. It’s very good. Fed up with/bored with something: chán ngấy cái gì - I don’t enjoy my job any more. I’m fed up with it. /I’m bored with it. Good/bad/excellent/brilliant at…: giỏi/ dốt/ xuất sắc về … - I’m not very good at maths. 4. Adj + on/ to/ from/ in/ for Married/ engaged to…: kết hôn/ đính hôn với… - Linda is married to an American. Different from…: khác với… - The film was different from what I’d expected. Interested in…: thích thú - Are you interested in art? Keen on…: say mê làm gì/ cái gì - I’m keen on listening to music. Dependent on….: phụ thuộc vào - I don’t want to be dependent on anybody. Famous for….: nối tiếng về… Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 2
  3. 3. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 - Hanoi is famous for places of interest. Responsible for….: chịu trách nhiện về việc gì - Who was responsible for all that noise last night? Sorry about something: xin lỗi về điều gì - I’m sorry about the noise last night. Sorry for doing something: xin lỗi vì đã làm gì - I’m sorry for being late. To feel/to be sorry for somebody: thưởng cảm cho ai - I feel sorry for George. He has a lot of problems.III. CỦNG CỐ KIẾN THỨCBài tập 1: Hoàn thành câu thứ hai sao cho nghĩa giống câu thứ nhất. 1. There were lots of tourists in the city centre. –> The city centre was crowded ……………. 2. There was a lot of furniture in the room. –> The room was full…………………. 3. I don’t like sport very much. –> I’m not very keen………………………… 4. We haven’t got enough time. –> We’re a bit short………………… 5. I’m not a very good tennis player. –> I’m not very good ………………….. 6. Catherine’s husband is Russian. –> Catherine is married………………………. 7. I don’t trust Robert. –> I’m suspicious …………………………… 8. My problem is not the same as yours. –> My problem is different……………….Bài tập 2: Điền 1 giới từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống trong những câu sau: 1. The course begins ……….7 January and ends ……10 March. 2. I went to bed ……….midnight and got up ………..6.30 the next morning. 3. We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived ……….5 o’clock …….the morning. 4. Mozart was born in Salzburg ………1756. 5. Are you doing anything special …………….the weekend? 6. I haven’t seen Ann …………a few days. I last saw her ……….Tuesday. 7. I’ll phone you ………..Tuesday morning……..10 o’clock, okay? Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 3
  4. 4. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 8. Tom’s grandmother died………1977………the age ………..79. 9. The price of electricity is going up ………..October. 10. There are usually a lot of parties ………New Year’s Eve. 11. I like walking round the town……….night. 12. The telephone and the doorbell rang …….the same time. 13. I waited for you ………half an hour and then decided that you weren’t coming. 14. Production at the factory was seriously affected……….the strike. 15. It can be dangerous when children play football ………..the street. 16. I’ll meet you ………the corner (of the street) at 10 o’clock. 17. Tom’s ill. He wasn’t ………..work today. He was ……..home…….bed. 18. Paul is a student ………..London University. 19. I’ve just received an invitation………..a wedding next week. 20.The cause……..the fire in the hotel last night is still unknown. 21. Money isn’t the solution …….every problem. 22. The company has rejected the workers’ demands ……….an increase…..pay. 23. Bill and I used to be good friends but I don’t have much contact ……….him now. 24. I wrote to Jim last week, but I still haven’t received a reply……..my letter. 25. Do you know any songs ………the Beatles? 26. There was panic when people realized the building was …….fire. 27. The shop assistant wouldn’t accept my cheque and insisted that I paid …….cash 28. When I was 14, I went ……….a trip to France organized by my school. 29. We hadn’t arranged to meet. We met …..chance. 30. It’s very nice ……you to let me use your car. Thank you very much. 31. I can’t understand people who are crucial ……….animals. 32. Why do you always get so annoyed ……….little things? 33. The people next door are annoyed …….us……making so much noise last night. 34. We enjoyed our holiday but we were rather disappointed……..the hotel. 35. I was surprised …….the way he behaved. It was quite out of character. 36. Did you know that Linda is engaged …….a friend of mine? 37. These days everyone is aware ……the dangers of smoking. 38. Ann is fond…….her younger brother. 39. Britain certainly isn’t famous ………its food. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 4
  5. 5. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 40. That man is very honst. He isn’t capable …….telling a lie. 41. Do you know anyone who might be interested ……….buying an old car? 42. The police are responsible ……….maintaining law and order. 43. I’m sorry ………the smell in this room. It’s just been painted. 44. She hasn’t got a job. She depends ………..her parents for money. 45. Are you going to apologise ……….what you did? 46. Tom and I ran………each other in town yesterday afternoon. 47. A football team consists ……….11 players. 48. Do you belong……..a political party? 49. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay ……….the damage. 50. Sally is often not well. She suffers …………severe headaches.Đáp án: Bài 1: 1. The city centre was crowded with tourists. 2. The room was full of furniture. 3. I’m not very keen on sport. 4. We’re a bit short of time. 5. I’m not very good at tennis. 6. Catherine is married to a Russian. 7. I’m suspicious of Robert. 8. My problem is different from yours. Bài 2: 1. The course begins on 7 January and ends on 10 March. 2. I went to bed at midnight and got up at 6.30 the next morning. 3. We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived at 5 o’clock in the morning. 4. Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756. 5. Are you doing anything special at the weekend? 6. I haven’t seen Ann for a few days. I last saw her on Tuesday. 7. I’ll phone you on Tuesday morning at 10 o’clock, okay? 8. Tom’s grandmother died in 1977 at the age of 79. 9. The price of electricity is going up in October. 10. There are usually a lot of parties on New Year’s Eve. 11. I like walking round the town at night. 12. The telephone and the doorbell rang at the same time. 13. I waited for you for half an hour and then decided that you weren’t coming. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 5
  6. 6. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 14. Production at the factory was seriously affected during the strike. 15. It can be dangerous when children play football in the street. 16. I’ll meet you at the corner (of the street) at 10 o’clock. 17. Tom’s ill. He wasn’t at work today. He was at home in bed. 18. Paul is a student at London University. 19. I’ve just received an invitation to a wedding next week. 20. The cause of the fire in the hotel last night is still unknown. 21. Money isn’t the solution to every problem. 22. The company has rejected the workers’ demands for an increase in pay. 23. Bill and I used to be good friends but I don’t have much contact with him now. 24. I wrote to Jim last week, but I still haven’t received a reply to my letter. 25. Do you know any songs by the Beatles? 26. There was panic when people realized the building was on fire. 27. The shop assistant wouldn’t accept my cheque and insisted that I paid in cash 28. When I was 14, I went on a trip to France organized by my school. 29. We hadn’t arranged to meet. We met by chance. 30. It’s very nice of you to let me use your car. Thank you very much. 31. I can’t understand people who are crucial to animals. 32. Why do you always get so annoyed about little things? 33. The people next door are annoyed with us for making so much noise last night. 34. We enjoyed our holiday but we were rather disappointed with the hotel. 35. I was surprised at the way he behaved. It was quite out of character. 36. Did you know that Linda is engaged to a friend of mine? 37. These days everyone is aware of the dangers of smoking. 38. Ann is fond of her younger brother. 39. Britain certainly isn’t famous for its food. 40. That man is very honest. He isn’t capable of telling a lie. 41. Do you know anyone who might be interested in buying an old car? 42. The police are responsible for maintaining law and order. 43. I’m sorry about the smell in this room. It’s just been painted. 44. She hasn’t got a job. She depends on her parents for money. 45. Are you going to apologise for what you did? 46. Tom and I ran into each other in town yesterday afternoon. Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 6
  7. 7. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 47. A football team consists of 11 players. 48. Do you belong to a political party? 49. The accident was my fault, so I had to pay for the damage. 50. Sally is often not well. She suffers from severe headaches.IV. BÀI TẬP VỀ NHÀBài tập 1: Điền giới từ thích hợp vào những chỗ trống sau: 1. Our house is similar ………..yours. Perhaps yours is a bit larger. 2. I’m tired……………doing the same things every day. I need a change. 3. John has no money of his own. He’s totally dependent …………his parents. 4. I don’t like going up ladders. I’m afraid ………..heights. 5. Linda doesn’t look very well. I’m worried ………….her. 6. Are you still upset ………..what I said to you yesterday? 7. I was delighted ………………the present you gave me. 8. We’re all excited ……………going on holiday next week.Bài tập 2: Chọn giới từ thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau: 1. Are you good _____ history? A. at B. by C. from D. in 2. He has always been interested _____ medicine. A. at B. by C. in D. on 3. He screamed _____ me angrily. A. to B. on C. in D. at 4. He specializes _____ tropical diseases. A. with B. to C. on D. in 5. I am _____ to my brother-in-laws for the weekend. A. at B. by C. of D. off 6. I did not want it happen. It happened _____ mistake. A. at B. by C. in D. on 7. I must not eat too much. I am _____ a diet. A. at B. by C. in D. on 8. Is he badly hurt? Shall we send _____ a doctor. A. at B. by C. for D. on 9. Look _____ yourself in the mirror. A. in B. for C. at D. after 10. Look! That house is _____ fire. A. at B. by C. in D. on Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 7
  8. 8. Chuyên đề Luyện thi Tốt nghiệp THPT và Luyện thi Đại học, Cao đẳng 2009 11. She screamed _____ me for help. A. to B. on C. for D. at 12. Sometimes I have problems at work but _____ the whole I enjoy my job. A. by B. at C. on D. with 13. The door opened _____ a beautiful garden. A. at B. for C. in D. onto 14. Welcome _____ London. A. for B. in C. on D. to 15. What does this abbreviation stand _____? A. at B. by C. for D. on 16. What is this thing good _____? A. to B. till C. onto D. for 17. When did you arrive _____ the party? A. by B. at C. on D. in 18. Who are you angry _____? A. at B. by C. on D. with 19. You can phone me _____ work. A. at B. by C. for D. in 20. You must pay _____ cash. A. without B. on C. in D. by Giáo viên: Nguyễn Thị Tâm Nguồn: Hocmai.vn Hocmai.vn – Ngôi trường chung của học trò Việt Trang 8

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